Tabalong River

Tabalong River
Batang Tabalon, Batang Tabalong, Sungai Tabalon
Sungai Tabalong.jpg
Tabalong River is located in Kalimantan
Tabalong River
River mouth location in Kalimantan
Physical characteristics
Sourceconfluence of the Left Tabalong River and Right Tabalong River
 • locationTabalong Regency
MouthNegara River
 • location
Amuntai
Length45 km (28 mi)
Width 
 • average80 m (260 ft)
Depth 
 • average3.5 m (11 ft)
Basin features
River systemTabalong
Tributaries 
 • leftBentot River; Anyar River

The Tabalong River (Indonesian: Sungai Tabalong; Banjar: Batang Tabalong) is a river traversing Tabalong Regency, in the province of South Kalimantan, Indonesia.[1][2] The river flows into the Negara River. It is a confluence of two tributaries: the Left Tabalong and Right Tabalong rivers.

The river has a length of 45 km, width of 80 meter and average depth of 3.5 meter.[3]

Geography

Tabalong River
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
310
 
 
25
20
 
 
344
 
 
27
22
 
 
377
 
 
27
22
 
 
282
 
 
26
22
 
 
236
 
 
26
22
 
 
193
 
 
29
22
 
 
153
 
 
27
21
 
 
122
 
 
28
22
 
 
101
 
 
30
20
 
 
136
 
 
30
20
 
 
337
 
 
27
21
 
 
392
 
 
26
21
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [4]
Imperial conversion
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
12
 
 
77
68
 
 
14
 
 
81
72
 
 
15
 
 
81
72
 
 
11
 
 
79
72
 
 
9.3
 
 
79
72
 
 
7.6
 
 
84
72
 
 
6
 
 
81
70
 
 
4.8
 
 
82
72
 
 
4
 
 
86
68
 
 
5.4
 
 
86
68
 
 
13
 
 
81
70
 
 
15
 
 
79
70
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

The river flows in the southeast area of Borneo island with predominantly tropical rainforest climate (designated as Af in the Köppen-Geiger climate classification).[5] The annual average temperature in the area is 24 °C. The warmest month is June, when the average temperature is around 26 °C, and the coldest is January, at 22 °C.[4] The average annual rainfall is 2982 mm. The wettest month is December, with an average of 392 mm rainfall, and the driest is September, with 101 mm rainfall.[6]

Use

The Tabalong River provides a large swamp land, which can be used to grow rice during the dry season. However, during the wet season, the discharge of the river and its tributaries increases so high, that it often threatened the harvest and caused flooding in the nearby villages.[7][8] Therefore, the local government builds flood gates to control the flow and prevent floods.[9]

The abundance of water during the wet season is actually useful to fill up the pools for fishery.[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ Sungai Tabalon at Geonames.org (cc-by); Last updated 17 January 2012; Database dump downloaded 27 November 2015
  2. ^ Sungai Tabalong: Indonesia. National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, Bethesda, MD, USA
  3. ^ (in Indonesian)Pilih sungai? Pilih jalan raya?. Yusni Anani. 21 Agustus 2009
  4. ^ a b "NASA Earth Observations Data Set Index". NASA. 30 January 2016.
  5. ^ Peel, M C; Finlayson, B L; McMahon, T A (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification". Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. 11 (5): 1633–1644. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007.
  6. ^ "NASA Earth Observations: Rainfall (1 month – TRMM)". NASA/Tropical Rainfall Monitoring Mission. 30 January 2016.
  7. ^ (in Indonesian)Debit Sungai Meningkat, BPBD Tabalong Lakukan Pemantauan di Lokasi-lokasi ini. Tribun News – Hulu Sungai Utara. Penulis: Dony Usman, Editor: Didik Trio. 2 Maret 2018.
  8. ^ (in Indonesian)Air Sungai Tabalong di Desa Solan Tiba-tiba Meluap, Warga Panik, Beberapa Rumah Alami Kerusakan. Tribun News banjarmasinpost.co.id – Tabalong. Penulis: Dony Usman, Editor: Elpianur Achmad. 28 November 2018.
  9. ^ (in Indonesian)Sawah Sering Kebanjiran, HSU Bangun Pintu Air di Tabalong Mati. Tribun News – Hulu Sungai Utara. Penulis: Reni Kurnia Wati, Editor: Didik Trio. 22 Juli 2018.
  10. ^ (in Indonesian)Musim Hujan, Jadi Momen Warga Haur Gading Kembangkan Bibit Ikan. Tribun News – Hulu Sungai Utara. Penulis: Reni Kurnia Wati, Editor: Didik Trio. 19 November 2018

Coordinates: 2°25′14″S 115°15′47″E / 2.4205°S 115.2631°E / -2.4205; 115.2631

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