This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (December 2014)
The TEP70 is a main line single-unit diesel locomotive, rated at 2,964 kW (3,975 hp), with AC/DC transmission and individual axle traction control, designed to haul passenger trains on the Russian gauge railway network of eastern Europe. As of 2022, it is still in service in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Kazakhstan. It is the successor to the TEP60, with many design elements is derived from that locomotive; however, the engine was replaced by a four-stroke one. TEP70, especially its experimental batch (first 7 locomotives), incorporated some features of British Rail HS4000, for example, its bogies and some elements of driving control equipment. Later batches of this locomotive incorporated some design features from TEP75 experimental locomotive and predecessor TEP70. Final batches, produced until 2006, also had several important improvements.
The TEP70 diesel locomotive has been used as the basis of two other sub classes, the TEP70BS and the TEP70U.
The TEP70 also shares a number of components with the 2TE70 two-unit freight locomotive.
- RŽD Russia
- Belarusian Railways
- Ukrainian Railways
- Lithuanian Railways
- Latvian Railways
- GO Rail (Estonian operator)
- Kazakhstan Railways
TEP70-0007 at the Central Museum of Railway Transport, logo of the Moscow Olympic Games
- The Museum of the Moscow Railway, at Paveletsky Rail Terminal, Moscow
- Rizhsky Rail Terminal, Moscow, Home of the Moscow Railway Museum
- Varshavsky Rail Terminal, St.Petersburg, Home of the Central Museum of Railway Transport, Russian Federation
- History of rail transport in Russia
- "HS4000 Kestrel, Hawker Siddeley, 16LVA24".
- "TEP70 Passenger Diesel Locomotive". Archived from the original on 2012-07-16. Retrieved 2011-08-14.