Türkmenbaşy Gulf

Türkmenbaşy Gulf
Türkmenbaşy Aýlagy
Türkmenbaşy Bay
Balkan Gulf
Krasnovodsk Gulf
Türkmenbaşy Gulf Türkmenbaşy Aýlagy is located in Caspian Sea
Türkmenbaşy Gulf Türkmenbaşy Aýlagy
Türkmenbaşy Gulf
Türkmenbaşy Aýlagy
Coordinates39°50′N 53°10′E / 39.833°N 53.167°E / 39.833; 53.167Coordinates: 39°50′N 53°10′E / 39.833°N 53.167°E / 39.833; 53.167
TypeBay
Native nameTürkmenbaşy Aýlagy (Turkmen)
Ocean/sea sourcesCaspian Sea
Basin countriesTurkmenistan
Official nameTurkmenbashy Bay
Designated23 February 2008
Reference no.1855[1]

The Türkmenbaşy Gulf or Türkmenbaşy Aýlagy or Türkmenbaşy Bay (Turkmen: Türkmenbaşy aýlagy, Russian: залив Туркменбашы[2][3]) is a bay of the Caspian Sea in the coast of Turkmenistan.

With the Türkmenbaşy Peninsula to the north and the Cheleken Peninsula to the south, the gulf extends westwards into the sea for 46 km and has an 18 km wide mouth. At its northwest corner are the Bala-Ishem salt marshes which mark the mouth of the dried-up Uzboy River. It became part of the Hazar Nature Reserve in 1968 and was designated as a Ramsar site in 2008.[1] Among the animals in the bay the Krasnovodsk herring (Alosa braschnikowi nirchi) and the Caspian seal deserve mention.[4]

Cartography

In 18th century maps of the Caspian Sea the gulf was known as 'Balkan Gulf' or 'Balchan Gulf' and was assumed to be much deeper. It was first accurately cartographed by Fedor Ivanovich Soimonov during the 1719 Caspian Expedition which surveyed the Caspian Sea from 1719 to 1727.[5]

The bay was later known as 'Krasnovodsk Gulf' or 'Krasnovodsk Bay',[6] but it changed its name when the city at its shores changed its name from Krasnovodsk to Türkmenbaşy.[7][8]

1721 Van Verden map of the Caspian Sea with the Golphe de Balchan cutting deep inland.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Turkmenbashy Bay". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  2. ^ Туркмения // Атлас мира / сост. и подгот. к изд. ПКО «Картография» в 2003 г. ; гл. ред. Г. В. Поздняк. — Испр. в 2005, 2007 и 2010 гг. — М. : ПКО «Картография» : Изд-во Оникс, 2010. — С. 118. — ISBN 978-5-85120-274-2 (Картография). — ISBN 978-5-488-01588-3 (Оникс, зел. пер.). — ISBN 978-5-488-01589-0 (Оникс, син. пер.).
  3. ^ Туркмения: Справочная карта / сост. и подгот. к изд. Омской картогр. ф-кой в 1999 г.; ст. ред. Т. П. Филатова; ред. Н. Б. Смирнова. — Испр. в 2001 г. — 1:1 500 000, 15 км в 1 см. — М.:Роскартография, 2001. — 3 200 экз. — ISBN 5-85120-099-5.
  4. ^ Igor S. Zonn, Aleksey N Kosarev, Michael H. Glantz & Andrey G. Kostianoy, The Caspian Sea Encyclopedia, p. K 256
  5. ^ Igor S. Zonn, Aleksey N Kosarev, Michael H. Glantz & Andrey G. Kostianoy, The Caspian Sea Encyclopedia
  6. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Caspian Sea" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 453–455.
  7. ^ Западный Узбекистан, Туркмения // Атлас мира / сост. и подгот. к изд. ПКО «Картография» в 1999 г. ; отв. ред. Т. Г. Новикова, Т. М. Воробьева. — 3-е изд. стер., отпеч. в 2002 г. с диапоз. 1999 г. — М. : Роскартография, 2002. — С. 122—123. — ISBN 5-85120-055-3.
  8. ^ Словарь географических названий СССР / ГУГК, ЦНИИГАиК. — 2-е изд., перераб. и доп. — М. : Недра, 1983. — С. 126.

External links

  • Caspian Sea Biodiversity
  • Overview of oil and natural gas in the Caspian Sea region Last Updated: August 26, 2013
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