Sumbar River

The Sumbar (also Sari-su, Sara-su and Ṣáríṣú) is a fast flowing river in southern Turkmenistan and northern Iran. It a tributary of the Atrek. The name Sari-su means yellow water in Turkic languages, but is applied to a number of other rivers as well. It used to be an area for Caspian tigers[1] in Turkmenistan, until the last individual was killed in January 1954.


The Sumbar is 245 kilometres (152 mi) long and drains a basin of 8,300 square kilometres (3,200 sq mi). It arises in the Kopet Dag mountains in Iran and flows into Turkmenistan. For a long stretch before the Sumbar runs into the Atrek, it is separated from it by a range of hills called the Marábeh.[2] The Atrek becomes the Turkmenistan-Iran border where the Sumbar flows into it, at 37°59′28″N 55°16′29″E / 37.99111°N 55.27472°E / 37.99111; 55.27472.

See also


  1. ^ Geptner, V. G., Sludskij, A. A. (1972). Mlekopitajuščie Sovetskogo Soiuza. Vysšaia Škola, Moskva. (In Russian; English translation: Heptner, V.G., Sludskii, A. A., Komarov, A., Komorov, N.; Hoffmann, R. S. (1992). Mammals of the Soviet Union. Vol III: Carnivores (Feloidea). Smithsonian Institution and the National Science Foundation, Washington DC).
  2. ^ Fraser, James Baillie (1838) "Notes on the Country Lying between the Meridians of 55° and 64° East, and Embracing a Section of the Elburz Mountains in Northern Khorásán" Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London 8: pp. 308-316, p. 310


This article includes content derived from the article "Сумбар" in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 1969–1978.

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