Subashi Temple

Subashi Temple
Subashi Buddhist Temple Ruins - East.jpg
Subashi Buddhist Temple Ruins - East Area
Subashi Temple is located in Southern Xinjiang
Subashi Temple
Shown within Southern Xinjiang
LocationXinjiang, China
Coordinates41°51′21″N 83°02′49″E / 41.85583°N 83.04694°E / 41.85583; 83.04694Coordinates: 41°51′21″N 83°02′49″E / 41.85583°N 83.04694°E / 41.85583; 83.04694

The Subashi Temple is a ruined Buddhist temple near Kucha in the Taklamakan Desert, on the ancient Silk Road, in Xinjiang, Western China. The city was partly excavated by the Japanese archaeologist Count Otani.

Other famous sites nearby are the Ah-ai Grotto, Kizilgaha caves, the Kumtura Caves, the Kizil Caves and the Simsim caves.[1] These sites and others along the Silk Road were inscribed in 2014 on the UNESCO World Heritage List as the Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang'an-Tianshan Corridor World Heritage Site.[2]

A sarira, a Buddhist relic box of the 6th–7th century, discovered in Subashi shows Central Asian men in long tunics, reminiscent of friezes produced by the Tocharians.

The "Witch of Subashi" is another famous archaeological artifact, the mummy of a woman with a huge pointed hat, thought to be a representative of early Caucasian populations who lived in the region around the beginning of our era.


  1. ^ (Other than Kizil)... "The nearby site of Kumtura contains over a hundred caves, forty of which contain painted murals or inscriptions. Other cave sites near Kucha include Subashi, Kizilgaha, and Simsim." in Buswell, Robert E.; Lopez, Donald S. (24 November 2013). The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism. Princeton University Press. p. 438. ISBN 978-1-4008-4805-8.
  2. ^ "Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang'an-Tianshan Corridor". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. Retrieved 17 Apr 2021.
  3. ^ Turner, Jane (ed.). The dictionary of art. New York : Grove's Dictionaries. p. 312. ISBN 978-1-884446-00-9.

External links

  • The Subashi casket at the Tokyo National Museum

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