St Martin's Parish Church, Guernsey

St Martin's Parish Church, Guernsey is also known as the Saint Martin de la Bellouse and is located in a dip in an ancient village, in the parish of Saint Martin, Guernsey.

St Martin's Parish Church, Guernsey
St. Martin’s Parish Church Guernsey.jpg
St Martin's Parish Church, Guernsey
St Martin's Parish Church, Guernsey is located in Channel Islands
St Martin's Parish Church, Guernsey
St Martin's Parish Church, Guernsey
Location in the Channel Islands
49°26′17″N 2°33′16″W / 49.43806°N 2.55444°W / 49.43806; -2.55444Coordinates: 49°26′17″N 2°33′16″W / 49.43806°N 2.55444°W / 49.43806; -2.55444
CountryChannel Islands
DenominationChurch of England
Websitewww.stmartinschurch.gg
Administration
ProvinceCanterbury
DioceseSalisbury
ArchdeaconryChannel Islands[1]
DeaneryGuernsey
BeneficeGuernsey
ParishSt Martin
Clergy
RectorRevd. Daniel Foot

The earliest reference to a religious building on the site was in 1048. The original building was built over, with the oldest parts of the current building dating back to 1225 with a second aisle added in the next century.

La Gran'mère du Chimquière stands at the entrance gate.[2]

The current rector is the Reverend Daniel Foot.[3][4]

History

La Gran'mère du Chimquière

There was a Neolithic tomb on the site of the church to which La Gran'mère du Chimquière was possibly linked. This standing stone menhir, dating from 2500 – 1800BC is shaped into a female figure and has had the head recarved, into a more Roman style at a later date.[2] She stands at the main gate and it is traditional for new brides to place flowers on her head for luck.[5]

Close by is a healing spring, la Fontaine de la Bellouse.

Guernsey was Christianised in the sixth century AD.

A wooden church existed on the site in 1048 when William, Duke of Normandy granted St. Martin's as a Parish Church to the Abbot of Marmoutier, near Tours.[6]

The Church was consecrated on 4 February 1199.

The connection with Marmoutier Abbey continued until 1415 when King Henry V confiscated the revenues being sent to France. The Church remained part of the Diocese of Coutances in France until in 1568 when the Channel Islands churches were finally transferred to the Diocese of Winchester.[6]

Building

St. Martin's Parish Church entrance

The earliest part, the nave, tower and chancel, date from 1225 to 1250, with the northern aisle being added a century later. The porch was added around 1520 and has a sundial dated 1751.[6]

The font is the oldest in the island, dating from before the reformation. The pulpit dates from 1657 and the organ was installed in 1848.[6]

There are three bells weighing 448, 677 and 947 lbs which were recast by a French bell-founder, Jean Baptiste Brocard at Glategny in Saint Peter Port in September 1736.

The clock was installed by Peter Le Page of St Peter Port in 1869, the bells were linked and the chiming apparatus installed.

Births, Marriages and Deaths

The church records, now held at the Priaulx Library, show baptisms and marriages from 1660 and burials from 1728.[7]

Media

In 2000 the church appeared on a Christmas stamp issued by Guernsey Post.

Artists who have painted the church include John Louis Petit.

See also

References

  1. ^ "St Martin's Parish Church". A Church Near You. Church of England.
  2. ^ a b "La Gran'mère du Chimquière".
  3. ^ "St Martins Church website".
  4. ^ "Deanery of Guernsey website, St Martins parish".
  5. ^ "La Gran'mère du Chimquière". Guernsey museums.
  6. ^ a b c d "History of the Church". St Martin’s Church.
  7. ^ "Guernsey Parish Chapel and Cemetery Records" (PDF). Priaulx Library.
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