Soesterberg

Soesterberg
Building in Soesterberg Air Base
Building in Soesterberg Air Base
Soesterberg is located in Utrecht (province)
Soesterberg
Soesterberg
Location in the Netherlands
Soesterberg is located in Netherlands
Soesterberg
Soesterberg
Soesterberg (Netherlands)
Coordinates: 52°7′10″N 5°16′59″E / 52.11944°N 5.28306°E / 52.11944; 5.28306Coordinates: 52°7′10″N 5°16′59″E / 52.11944°N 5.28306°E / 52.11944; 5.28306
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceUtrecht
MunicipalitySoest
Area
[1]
 • Total5.62 km2 (2.17 sq mi)
Elevation
[2]
18 m (59 ft)
Population
 (2021)[1]
 • Total7,210
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
3769[1]
Dialing code0346

Soesterberg is a town in the Dutch province of Utrecht. It is a part of the municipality of Soest, and lies about 5 km northeast of Zeist, on the road between Amersfoort and Utrecht. It was the location of Soesterberg Air Base

History

The town was first mentioned in 1840 as Berg, meaning hill belonging to Soest.[3] In 1840, it was home to 253 people.[4] The military airbase and the tram line AmersfoortZeist caused a rapid growth of the village in the 1920s and 1930s. In 1939, a monastery was established by the Society of the Divine Word.[5] In 1940, an officer's casino was built for the German Luftwaffe. It is one of the few remaining buildings in Nazi architectural style in the Netherlands, and has 1.5 metres (4 ft 11 in) thick walls. It was captured intact by the Canadians in 1945, and was used by the KLM and Ministry of Defence. It has been converted into an apartment building.[4]

In 1837, a Catholic church was built which was replaced between 1952 and 1953 by the Carolus Borromeus Church.[5]

Soesterberg Air Base

In 1910, the heathland north of the village was used as an airfield. The Dutch Airforce (then called LuchtVaartafdeling or LVa, literally airdriving department) was established here in 1913. From 1954 to 1994, Soesterberg Air Base became a NATO base for the United States Air Force 32nd FS (originally 512th FDS later it became 32nd FD, 32nd FIS, and 32nd TFS), and the village of Soesterberg housed a number of American families. The 32nd is the only US military unit that has been under direct operational control of a foreign nation (operational control fell to the Dutch military). It was the home of the Dutch army helicopter force until the base's closure in 2010 due to the reduction of the Dutch military establishment. It is now the location of the Nationaal Militair Museum, which opened in 2014. Nearby Kamp van Zeist [nl] is the site of the Lockerbie trial of Libyan agents who blew up Pan Am Flight 103 over the Scottish town of Lockerbie in 1988.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2021". Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 27 March 2022.
  2. ^ "Postcodetool for 3769AA". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 27 March 2022.
  3. ^ "Soesterberg - (geografische naam)". Etymologiebank (in Dutch). Retrieved 27 March 2022.
  4. ^ a b "Soesterberg". Plaatsengids (in Dutch). Retrieved 27 March 2022.
  5. ^ a b Ronald Stenvert & Chris Kolman (1996). "Soesterberg" (in Dutch). Zwolle: Waanders. ISBN 90 400 9757 7. Retrieved 27 March 2022.
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Soesterberg&oldid=1079599155"