A statue of Victor Schœlcher, in Schœlcher
A statue of Victor Schœlcher, in Schœlcher
Location of the commune (in red) within Martinique
Location of the commune (in red) within Martinique
Location of Schœlcher
Coordinates: 14°37′N 61°06′W / 14.62°N 61.10°W / 14.62; -61.10
Overseas region and departmentMartinique
IntercommunalityCA Centre de la Martinique
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Luc-Louison Clémenté[1]
21.17 km2 (8.17 sq mi)
 (Jan. 2020)[2]
 • Density920/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−04:00 (AST)
INSEE/Postal code
97229 /97233
Elevation0–1,196 m (0–3,924 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Schœlcher (French pronunciation: ​[ʃœlʃɛʁ]; Martinican Creole: Chelchè) is a town and the fourth-largest commune in the French overseas department of Martinique. The town was named Case-Navire until 1889, when it was renamed in honor of French abolitionist writer Victor Schœlcher.[3]


It is located on the west (Caribbean Sea) side of the island of Martinique, and is part of the metropolitan area of Fort-de-France, the largest metropolitan area in Martinique.


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1967 13,241—    
1974 14,749+1.55%
1982 18,094+2.59%
1990 19,825+1.15%
1999 20,845+0.56%
2007 21,510+0.39%
2012 20,103−1.34%
2017 19,997−0.11%
Source: INSEE[4]

See also


  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires"., Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2020". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2022.
  3. ^ Viala, F. The Post-Columbus Syndrome: Identities, Cultural Nationalism, and Commemorations in the Caribbean. Springer. ISBN 9781137439895.
  4. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE

External links

  • Official website (in French)
  • Base Mérimée: Search for heritage in the commune, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)

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