Saparmurat Hajji Mosque

Saparmurat Hajji Mosque
Religion
AffiliationIslam
Location
LocationGökdepe, Turkmenistan
Geographic coordinatesN 38.16212
E 57.96729
Architecture
Architect(s)Kakajan Durdyev
TypeMosque
StyleIslamic
Completed1995
Specifications
Capacity8000
Minaret(s)4
Minaret height63

The Saparmurat Hajji (Turkmen: Saparmyrat Hajy metjidi) is a mosque in Gökdepe, Turkmenistan. Commissioned in memory of the defenders of Gökdepe Fortress, it was built between 1994 and 1995, during the presidency of President Saparmurat Niyazov. The mosque—with its blue dome and four minarets—is a prominent landmark in Gökdepe.[1]

History

Ashgabat architect Kakajan Durdyyev designed the structure. The mosque was opened in 1995 and named in honor of President of Turkmenistan Saparmurat Niyazov's Hajj in 1992.[2] The tender went to Bouygues in 1994, who had the mosque built in one year.[2][3][a]

In 2008, Turkish firm SUR Turizm Inşaat Ticaret ve sanayi LTD STI renovated the mosque, and additionally designed and built ritual banquet facilities with capacity of 1,000 guests plus the Gökdepe National Museum located on the mosque's grounds. The contract included landscaping of the surrounding territory. The cost of reconstruction plus building the banquet hall and museum was cited as $34 million.[5]

Architecture

Saparmurat Hajji Mosque featured on 10,000 manat banknote.

The mosque has a dark green dome in the center, surrounded by four half-domes of lower height but same shade.[2] The interior of the mosque is a square hall — extending outside to a square courtyard.[2] Four minarets, each having a height of 63 meters, were installed at the four corners of this courtyard to represent the age of Muhammad.[2][b] Adjacent to the mosque in the east, is a two-floored complex centered around a star-shaped pool.[2] Small white domes adorn the perimeter of the complex's ceiling as well as the mosque courtyard.[2]

A chandelier—having 260 lamps—hangs from the center of the mosque.[2] The walls are embossed with motifs of traditional Turkmen carpets while the interior of all domes are decorated with pastel blue designs.[2] The mosque is reported to have a capacity for 8,000 worshipers.[2]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Bouygues has been involved in multiple construction projects at Turkmenistan (consult this video) and has attracted criticism.[4]
  2. ^ This is factually incorrect - Muhammad died, aged 61–62.

References

  1. ^ "Archnet". archnet.org. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Brummell, Paul (2005). Turkmenistan. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 116. ISBN 978-1-84162-144-9.
  3. ^ "Bouygues throughout the world | Bouygues". Archived from the original on 2013-08-08. Retrieved 2013-11-04.
  4. ^ Watters, Kate; Mayne, Tom. "Turkmenistans Unique Kleptocracy". Inkstick.
  5. ^ "Мечеть Сапармурата хаджи в Геоктепе будет реконструирована - Интернет-газета Turkmenistan.Ru". www.turkmenistan.ru. Retrieved 21 July 2018.

Coordinates: 38°09′43″N 57°58′02″E / 38.1619°N 57.9673°E / 38.1619; 57.9673

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