Sangbay Gewog

Sangbay Gewog
གསང་སྦས་
Sangbay Gewog is located in Haa District
Sangbay Gewog
Sangbay Gewog
Sangbay Gewog in Bhutan's Haa District
Coordinates: 27°10′08″N 89°06′19″E / 27.1688°N 89.1052°E / 27.1688; 89.1052Coordinates: 27°10′08″N 89°06′19″E / 27.1688°N 89.1052°E / 27.1688; 89.1052
Country Bhutan
DistrictHaa District
Area
[a]
 • Total432.8 km2 (167.1 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)
 • Total911
 • Density2.1/km2 (5.5/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+6 (BTT)

Sangbay or Sangbaykha[b] (Dzongkha: གསང་སྦས, romanizedgsang sbas)[5] Gewog is a gewog (village block) of Haa District, Bhutan.[6][7] It is one of the western gewogs of the Haa district sharing borders with the Samtse District, India's Sikkim state and China's Chumbi Valley (Yadong County). The latter border has been contested by China, which claims the Doklam region as its territory. In recent years, China has begun to build villages in its claimed area.[8][9]

Geography

Sangbay Gewog[c]

In 2013, the Eleventh Plan document reported that the gewog had an area of 432.8 square kilometres, with 97 per cent of it covered by forest.[1][d]

The gewog mainly consists of the basin of the Amo Chu river after it enters the gewog near Sinchela. (Above this point, only the left bank of the river is included in Bhutan; the right bank belongs to China's Chumbi Valley.) The upper part of the river valley in the gewog is said to be narrow with steep ridges. It has no population centres. Most of the villages are near Sangbay, the site of a historic dzong (now in ruins). The Tule La pass (27°08′59″N 88°59′07″E / 27.1497°N 88.9854°E / 27.1497; 88.9854 (Tule La pass)) on the Zompelri ridge provided communication with the modern Samtse District and the Dalingkot region further west.[3]: 75 [e] (The Dalingkot tract was ceded to British India after the Anglo-Bhutan War of 1865, and is now India's Kalimpong district.)

The Zompelri ridge continues to the north in a semi-circular formation, with the Mount Gipmochi (4,427 m) at its apex. Beyond Gipmochi is India's Sikkim state. To the north of the Zompelri ridge and connecting with the Dongkya Range is the Doklam plateau, which gives rise to a tributary of Amo Chu called Torsa Nala or Doklam River. The basin of the Doklam river, termed the "Doklam region", is claimed by China as its territory.[12]

Demographics

The population of the gewog by the 2017 census was 911.[13][14] The Election Commission listed 16 villages in the gewog 2011.[7] The number of households is 183.[1]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ 97 percent of the area is covered by forest.[1]
  2. ^ Alternative spellings: Sangbe, Sangbekha,[2] Tsangbe,[3]: 76  Sombe, Sombay and Sombaykha.[4]
  3. ^ The borders shown are those marked by the contributors to the OpenStreetMap and may not be accurate. For the borders marked by the US Office of the Geographer, see Bhutan Political Boundaries, 2008 and Second-level Administrative Divisions, Bhutan, 2015, EarthWorks, Stanford University, retrieved 6 August 2022.
  4. ^ The land area remained unchanged from the Ninth Plan document in 2002.[10]
  5. ^ The territory up to the Dichu river appears to have been under the Sangbay Dzong in pre-modern times, with a deputy Dzongpön stationed at Dzongsa and Sipsu.[5][11]

References

  1. ^ a b c Eleventh Five-Year Plan, Haa Dzongkhag (PDF), Gross National Happiness Commission, Royal Government of Bhutan, 2013, p. 1, ISBN 978-99936-55-01-5
  2. ^ Phuntsho, Karma (2013), The History of Bhutan, Random House India, ISBN 978-81-8400-411-3
  3. ^ a b Rennie, Surgeon (1866), Bhotan and the Dooar War, John Murray – via archive.org
  4. ^ Annual Dzongkhag Statistics 2010, Haa Dzongkhag Administration, 2010
  5. ^ a b Ardussi, John; Ura, Karma (2000), "Population and Governance in mid-18th Century Bhutan, as Revealed in the Enthronement Record of Thugs-sprul 'Jigs med grags pa I (1725-1761)" (PDF), Journal of Bhutan Studies, 2 (2), Table 4 entries under Sangbay Dzongwog
  6. ^ Bji Gewog, Haa Dzongkhag Administration, retrieved 2 August 2022
  7. ^ a b "Chiwogs in Haa" (PDF). Election Commission, Government of Bhutan. 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-10-02.
  8. ^ Barnett, Robert (7 May 2021), "China Is Building Entire Villages in Another Country's Territory", Foreign Policy
  9. ^ Vishnu Som, Pics Expose China's Inroads Near Doklam - Bid To Bypass Indian Defences?, NDTV News, 20 July 2022.
  10. ^ "Sangbay Gewog Ninth Plan (2002-2007)" (PDF). Haa Dzongkhag Royal Government of Bhutan. Retrieved August 25, 2010.[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ Eden, Ashley (1864), Report on the State of Bootan and on the Progress of the Mission of 1863–1864, Government of India, p. 67 – via archive.org
  12. ^ "The Facts and China's Position Concerning the Indian Border Troops' Crossing of the China-India Boundary in the Sikkim Sector into the Chinese Territory". Government of China. 1 Aug 2017. p. 9.. Note: China uses the name "Dong Lang" for Doklam.
  13. ^ Annual Dzongkhag Statistics 2018, Haa Dzongkhag administration, 2018, p. 1
  14. ^ Sangbay Gewog in Bhutan, citypopulation.de, retrieved 6 August 2022.
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