Sam Ratulangi International Airport

Sam Ratulangi International Airport

Bandar Udara Internasional Sam Ratulangi
Sam ratulangi international airport.jpg
Airport typePublic
OwnerGovernment of Indonesia
OperatorPT Angkasa Pura I
LocationManado, North Sulawesi, Indonesia
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL81 m / 266 ft
Coordinates1°32′57″N 124°55′35″E / 1.54917°N 124.92639°E / 1.54917; 124.92639Coordinates: 1°32′57″N 124°55′35″E / 1.54917°N 124.92639°E / 1.54917; 124.92639
Sulawesi region in Indonesia
Sulawesi region in Indonesia
MDC /WAMM is located in Manado
Location of Airport in Manado, North Sulawesi, Indonesia
MDC /WAMM is located in Sulawesi
MDC /WAMM (Sulawesi)
MDC /WAMM is located in Southeast Asia
MDC /WAMM (Southeast Asia)
MDC /WAMM is located in Asia
MDC /WAMM (Asia)
Direction Length Surface
m ft
18/36 2,650 8,934 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passengers2.819.640 (Increase 10.0%)
Aircraft movements12.250 (Increase 7.1%)

Sam Ratulangi International Airport (Indonesian: Bandar Udara Internasional Sam Ratulangi) (IATA: MDC, ICAO: WAMM), is located in North Sulawesi, 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) northeast of Manado. The airport is named after the Minahasan educator and independence hero Sam Ratulangi (1890–1949). It is designated as one of the 11 main entry ports to Indonesia by the Ministry of Tourism and Culture of Indonesia and serves as the main gateway to the Bunaken National Marine Park. It is currently the operating base of Lion Air/Wings Air for the northeastern part of Indonesia and is one of the focus cities of Garuda Indonesia and Citilink. It is served by international airlines.


Minister of State of East Indonesia President Anak Anak Agung Gde Agung was greeted at Mapanget field in 1948

Sam Ratulangi Airport was originally built by the Japanese in 1942 with a runway length of 700 meters and width of 23 meters and it was named Mapanget Airfield. When the Permesta (People's Movement) rebellion occurred, central government troops renamed this airport as Tugiman Airfield to commemorate Sergeant Major Tugiman, a soldier who died while fighting on Mapanget.

The airport was renamed to Mapanget Airfield because its existence at that time in Wanua Mapanget, Onderdistik Tatelu. Over time, there was a change in the mention of this airport into A. A. Maramis Airfield, as it was used as the name of the highway from the airport to Manado.

Finally, the airfield was renamed after Minahasan educator and revolutionary Sam Ratulangi.

In 1994 the airport was classified as class 1B and the runway was extended to 2,650 meters long and 45 meters wide. With the expansion of this runway, the airport could accommodate larger aircraft types, like Airbus A300, Airbus A320 and DC-10.

As the government's efforts to develop the airport in 1990, Sam Ratulangi Airport is managed by PT. Angkasa Pura I (Persero) as a State-Owned Enterprise (SOE). With the aim to build the economy, providing low in expediting air transportation facilities. In an effort to anticipate the needs of air transport, so that made the development of Sam Ratulangi Airport Manado to build the airport facility development projects undertaken by airport facilities and Flight Safety (FBUKP) and operated since end of 2000. The handover was taken operationally from DGCA to PT. Angkasa Pura I (Persero) on 18 December 2003.


Waiting Room Atmosphere

Cargo facilities

The 3,546 m2 cargo terminal has an annual capacity of 7,840 tonnes (17,284,000 lbs), a 2,280 m2 (24,541 sq ft) warehouse, a bonded warehouse, a transit zone, a Free Port/Foreign Trade Zone, an EU border post, aircraft maintenance, mechanical handling, an animal quarantine, fresh meat inspection, livestock handling, health officials, security for valuables, dangerous goods, radioactive goods, very large/heavy cargo, and an express/courier center.


Construction began in 1998, in 2001, the new terminal opened featuring 21 check-in counters, 5 gates, 4 airbridges, 2 baggage claim belts and an outdoor waving gallery on top of the 3-story terminal building. Its 4,044 m2 international passenger terminal may serve up to 183,000 passengers annually while the 14,126 m2 domestic passenger terminal serves up to 1,3 million passengers/year. During peak hours the terminal may serve up to 2,816 passengers simultaneously. The 54,300 m2 apron can hold up to 4 wide body aircraft and 11 medium and small body aircraft.

New and old tower

A minor upgrade had been done prior to the World Ocean Conference and Coral Triangle Initiative Summit in May 2009. It was done in the area of the apron, international boarding lounge, CIP room and car parking lot. The apron currently has an area of 71,992 m2 while the parking lot is available for 500 cars. Waiting lounge and gate for international departure and arrival are being expanded together with an additional aerobridge installation. With this upgrade, the terminal may serve up to 2 million passengers annually.[citation needed]

The terminal will be upgraded from present 26 thousands square to 56 thousands square metres. The expansion of the terminal is expected to be completed by 2020, projected to increase the capacity of the airport to 5.7 million passenger every year.[1][2] As of early 2021, the upgrade has not been finished yet.[2]

Airlines and destinations


Airfast Indonesia Ambon, Timika
Batik Air Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta
Citilink Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Makassar, Surabaya
Charter: Nanjing[3]
Garuda Indonesia Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta
Lion Air Denpasar, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Makassar, Sorong, Surabaya
Charter: Changsha, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Nanjing,[4] Shanghai-Pudong, Tianjin[5]
Scoot Singapore[6]
Wings Air Ambon, Galela, Gorontalo, Kao, Luwuk, Melonguane, Miangas, Palu, Tahuna, Ternate

Ground transportation


Plenty of metered-taxis standby at the airport until the last flight of the day arrives.


Perum DAMRI operates buses from the airport to the city.


Sam Ratulangi Airport in 2004
Passport entry (green) and exit stamps from the airport.
Year Domestic International
2005 1,037,961 7,923,948 15,288 39,678 331,394 545
2006 1,065,691 9,150,055 14,112 44,043 403,650 599
2007 1,070,471 9,529,574 13,126 46,833 326,921 652
2008 1,110,634 9,776,389 13,393 52,483 245,688 678
2009 1,233,513 9,905,420 14,002 75,985 459,530 841
2010 1,344,661 9,109,521 18,933 83,199 566,621 911
2011 1,455,771 10,299,743 22,1003 764,981 773,747 1002
2012 1,544,763 11,321,877 27,1011 883,1002 788,983 1012
2013 1,877,556 11,455,988 30,1223 877,1332 821,1115 1126
2014 1,992,655 12,522,1227 35,1543 938,1478 859,1654 1433
2015 2,008,794 13,602,1559 42,1776 1292,1449 943,1775 1668
2016 2,441,887 16,771,1668 53,1996 2111,1778 988,2033 1799
2017 2,661,994 18,727,1782 62,2122 2199,1881 1122,1922 1883

Source : North Sulawesi Government Office of Transportation, Communication, and Information Systems (in Indonesian)

Accidents and incidents

  • 16 February 1967 – Garuda Indonesia Flight 708, UPG-MDC, Lockheed L-188C Electra (PK-GLB), 22 of 84 passengers were killed (no fatalities among the eight crew members). Flight 708 departed Jakarta at 00:30 GMT on 15 February for a flight to Manado via Surabaya and Makassar. On the second leg of the flight, bad weather in Makassar forced the crew to return to Surabaya. The flight continued the next day to Makassar and on to Manado. The cloud base in Manado was 900 feet with two kilometer visibility. An approach to runway 18 was made, but after passing a hill 200 feet above runway elevation and 2720 feet short of the threshold, the pilot realised he was too high and left of the centreline. The nose was lowered and the aircraft banked right to intercept the glide path. The speed decreased below the 125 knots target threshold speed and the aircraft – still banked to the right – landed heavily 156 feet short of the runway threshold. The undercarriage collapsed and the aircraft skidded and caught fire.[7]
  • 1974 – Douglas C-47A PK-ZDF of was written off in an accident. Date is variously reported as 4 April 6 April or 4 June.[8]
  • 7 January 1976 – Mandala Airlines, Vickers 806 Viscount (PK-RVK), no fatalities. Landing in slight intermittent rain, the aircraft touched down 520 meters down the runway. The aircraft overran the runway, crossed a ditch and three drains before coming to rest 180 meters past the end of the runway.[9]
  • 10 December 1982 – Bouraq Indonesia Airlines, Hawker Siddeley HS-748 (PK-IHI), no fatalities. The nose landing gear collapsed on landing, causing the aircraft to veer off the runway.[10]
  • 3 October 1986 – East Indonesia Air Taxi, MAL-MDC, Shorts SC.7 Skyvan (PK-ESC), all 10 passengers and 3 crew members were killed. Struck a mountain.[11]
  • 9 May 1991 – Merpati Nusantara Airlines 7533, TTE-MDC, Fokker F-27 Friendship (PK-MFD), all eight passengers and five crew members were killed when the aircraft crashed into a mountain.[12]
  • On 1 January 2007, Adam Air Flight 574 was nearing Sulawesi, coming to Manado Airport from Juanda International Airport. The pilots of the Boeing 737-400 flew off course when their navigation system failed, eventually entering a storm near the island where they became spatially disoriented. The flight spiraled downwards rapidly and broke up, leading to the death of all 102 people on board.


  1. ^ "Govt to Build New Terminal at Sam Ratulangi Airport". Medcom. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  2. ^ a b Handi (5 March 2021). "Perluasan Bandara Sam Ratulangi Tingkatkan Kapasitas Penumpang Jadi 5,7 Juta Pertahun". Berita Daerah. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  3. ^ "Citilink opens new routes to three Chinese cities". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  4. ^ "Lion Air adds Manado – Nanjing service in 3Q19".
  5. ^ "Lion Air connects Shanghai to Manado".
  6. ^ Liu, Jim (9 April 2020). "Scoot plans Manado launch from June 2020". Routesonline.
  7. ^ Harro Ranter (16 February 1967). "ASN Aircraft accident Lockheed L-188C Electra PK-GLB Manado-Sam Ratulangi Airport (MDC)". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  8. ^ "PK-ZDF Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
  9. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Vickers 806 Viscount PK-RVK Manado-Samratulangi Airport (MDC)".
  10. ^ Harro Ranter (10 December 1982). "ASN Aircraft accident Hawker Siddeley HS-748-235 Srs. 2A PK-IHI Manado Airport (MDC)". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  11. ^ Harro Ranter (3 October 1986). "ASN Aircraft accident Shorts SC.7 Skyvan 3-200 PK-ESC Manado". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  12. ^ Harro Ranter (9 May 1991). "ASN Aircraft accident Fokker F-27 Friendship 600 PK-MFD Manado-Sam Ratulangi Airport (MDC)". Retrieved 4 June 2015.

External links

  • Sam Ratulangi International Airport official website
  • NACO Airport Consultants: Preparation of master plans and implementation of the first development stages at Sam Ratulangi International airport (1994–2003)
Retrieved from ""