Regions of Finland
|Populations||29,884 (Åland) — 1,689,725 (Uusimaa)|
|Areas||1,553 km2 (Åland) — 92,674 km2 (Lapland)|
The regions are governed by regional councils that serve as forums of cooperation for the municipalities of each region. The councils are composed of delegates from the municipal councils. The main tasks of regional councils are regional planning, development of enterprises, and education. Between 2004 and 2012 the regional council of Kainuu was elected via popular elections as part of an experimental regional administration.
In 2022 new wellbeing services counties were established as part of a health care and social services reform. The wellbeing services counties follow the regional borders, and are governed by directly elected county councils.
One region, Åland, has a special status and has a much higher degree of autonomy than the others, with its own Parliament and local laws, due to its unique history and the fact that the overwhelming majority of its people are Finland Swedes. The sole language of Åland is Swedish/Finland Swedish, unlike the rest of the country where Finnish and Swedish share official status. It has its own elected head of government who carries the title of Premier and heads the Lantråd, the regional executive. Most powers that would be exercised by the Government of Finland on the mainland are instead exercised by Åland-specific authorities which execute independent policy in most areas. The Åland islanders elect a single representative to the national legislature, while the Government of Finland appoints a Governor to represent the national government on Åland. Åland is a demilitarized zone and Åland islanders are exempt from conscription.
Representation of the state
In addition to inter-municipal cooperation, which is the responsibility of regional councils, there are 15 Centres for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment (Finnish: elinkeino-, liikenne- ja ympäristökeskus, abbreviated ely-keskus), which is responsible for the local administration of labour, agriculture, fisheries, forestry and entrepreneurial affairs. They are each responsible for one or more of regions of Finland, and include offices of the Ministries of Employment and the Economy, Transport and Communications and Environment. The Finnish Defence Forces regional offices are responsible for the regional defence preparations and for the administration of conscription within the region.
List of regions
|Flag||Coat of arms||English name||Finnish name||Swedish name||Capital||Area (km2)||Population
(31 Dec 2019)
|North Ostrobothnia||Pohjois-Pohjanmaa||Norra Österbotten||Oulu||36,815||412,830|
|North Karelia||Pohjois-Karjala||Norra Karelen||Joensuu||17,761||161,211|
|North Savo||Pohjois-Savo||Norra Savolax||Kuopio||16,768||244,236|
|South Savo||Etelä-Savo||Södra Savolax||Mikkeli||14,257||142,335|
|South Karelia||Etelä-Karjala||Södra Karelen||Lappeenranta||5,327||127,757|
|Central Finland||Keski-Suomi||Mellersta Finland||Jyväskylä||16,703||275,104|
|South Ostrobothnia||Etelä-Pohjanmaa||Södra Österbotten||Seinäjoki||13,444||188,685|
|Central Ostrobothnia||Keski-Pohjanmaa||Mellersta Österbotten||Kokkola||5,020||68,158|
|Kanta-Häme (Tavastia Proper)||Kanta-Häme||Egentliga Tavastland||Hämeenlinna||5,199||170,925|
|Southwest Finland||Varsinais-Suomi||Egentliga Finland||Turku||10,663||479,341|
|Coat of arms||Name||Official English name||Finnish name||Swedish name||Capital||Dissolution (date)|
|Eastern Uusimaa||Itä-Uusimaa||Itä-Uusimaa||Östra Nyland||Porvoo||January 1, 2011|
Regional border changes
- Kiikoinen transferred from Pirkanmaa to Satakunta.
- Kangaslampi transferred from South Savo to North Savo.
- Punkalaidun transferred from Satakunta to Pirkanmaa.
- Himanka transferred from Central Ostrobothnia to North Ostrobothnia by merging with Kalajoki.
- Part of Ruotsinpyhtää in Eastern Uusimaa transferred to Pyhtää in Kymenlaakso.
- Kiikoinen transferred from Satakunta to Pirkanmaa by mergin with Sastamala.
- Suomenniemi transferred from South Karelia to South Savo by merging with Mikkeli.
- Vaala transferred from Kainuu to North Ostrobothnia.
- Heinävesi transferred from South Savo to North Karelia.
- Iitti transferred from Kymenlaakso to Päijät-Häme.
- Isokyrö transferred from Ostrobothnia to South Ostrobothnia.
- Joroinen transferred from South Savo to North Savo.
- Kuhmoinen transferred from Central Finland to Pirkanmaa.
|Part of a series on|
|Subdivisions of Finland|
- Municipalities of Lapland
- Regions of Northern Finland
- Regions of Eastern Finland
- Regions of Western and Central Finland
- Regions of South-Western Finland
- Regions of Southern Finland
- Municipalities of Åland
- County Councils of Sweden
- Household pennants of Finland
- ISO 3166-2:FI
- Regional State Administrative Agency
- List of Finnish regions by GDP
- "Sátnegirjjit, Dictionaries of Finnish, Swedish, the Sami Languages, English and Russian". dicts.uit.no. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
- "Historiallinen maakuntahallinto opetti valtiota". Yle uutiset. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
- "Health and social services reform". Finnish Government. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
- "Suomen hallintorakenteeseen ja maakuntauudistukseen liittyviä termejä sekä maakuntien ja kuntien nimet fi-sv-en-(ru)" (PDF). vnk.fi. p. 8–9. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
- Tilastokeskus. "Population". www.stat.fi.
- "Regions of Finland 2010". Statistics Finland. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
- "Valtioneuvosto päätti Uudenmaan ja Itä-Uudenmaan maakuntien yhdistämisestä" (in Finnish). Ministry of Finance. October 22, 2009. Archived from the original on August 7, 2011. Retrieved December 30, 2010.
- "Statistics Finland". www2.stat.fi. Retrieved 2022-07-04.
- Regional Councils of Finland – Official website
- Regional State Administrative Agencies