Provinces of South Korea
|Location||Republic of Korea (ROK)|
15 controlled by ROK
5 controlled by DPRK
2 split between ROK and DPRK
|Populations||276,589 (Sejong City) – 13,413,459 (Gyeonggi Province)|
|Areas||1,849 km2 (714 sq mi) (Jeju) – 19,030 km2 (7,350 sq mi) (North Gyeongsang) – 20,569 km2 (7,942 sq mi) (Gangwon including DPRK controlled-parts)|
|Special self-governing province|
Provinces are one of the first-level divisions within South Korea. There are 9 provinces in South Korea: North Chungcheong, South Chungcheong, Gangwon, Gyeonggi, North Gyeongsang, South Gyeongsang, North Jeolla, South Jeolla, and Jeju Special Self-Governing Province.
Although the details of local administration have changed dramatically over time, the basic outline of the current three-tiered system was implemented under the reign of Gojong in 1895. A similar system also remains in use in North Korea.
Provinces (도, 道) are the highest-ranked administrative divisions in South Korea, which follows the East Asian tradition name Circuit (administrative division). Along with the common provinces, there are four types of special administrative divisions with equal status: special self-governing province, special city, metropolitan city, and special self-governing city.
A special self-governing province (특별자치도, 特別自治道) is a province with more autonomy over its economy and more powers are given to the provincial government. Jeju is the only special self-governing province, while Seoul is the only special city and Sejong is the only special self-governing city.
Governors for the provinces and mayors for the special/metropolitan cities are elected every four years. Current governors and mayors are listed at List of governors of South Korea.
List of provinces
|Name||Official English name||Hangul||Hanja||ISO||Pop.
|This article is part of|
a series on the
of South Korea
|Special self-governing province (Jeju)|
|Special city (Seoul)|
|Metropolitan city (list)|
|Special self-governing city (Sejong)|
|Specific city (list)|
|Autonomous District (list)|
|Administrative city (list)|
|Non-autonomous District (list)|
South Korea claims five provinces on the territory controlled by North Korea. These claimed provinces are managed by the Committee for the Five Northern Korean Provinces (Korean: 이북5도위원회; Hanja: 以北五道委員會). These provinces are based on the divisions of the Japanese era and are different from the present North Korean provinces.
|Historical province||Name||Hangul||Hanja||Area (km2)||Capital||Cultural region||Abbreviation|
-  Archived 2017-03-12 at the Wayback Machine, p. 41.
- "South Korea Administrative Districts". CityPopulation.de. Retrieved 4 January 2023.
- 충북면적 (in Korean). North Chungcheong Province. Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
- 일반현황 (in Korean). South Chungcheong Province. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
- "Natural Environment". Gangwon Province. Archived from the original on 10 July 2013. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
- 위치와 자연환경 (in Korean). Gyeonggi Province. Archived from the original on 1 March 2014. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
- 경북현황 (in Korean). North Gyeongsang Province. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
- 일반 현황 (in Korean). South Gyeongsang Province. Archived from the original on 23 February 2014. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
- "Geography". Jeju Province. Retrieved 18 March 2013.