Pranhita River

pranahita
ప్రాణహిత प्राणहिता
Wardha river at Pulgaon.jpg
Native nameప్రాణహిత (Telugu)
Location
CountryIndia
StateMaharashtra, Telangana
DistrictsGadchiroli District, Komaram Bheem Asifabad district
CitySirpur
Physical characteristics
SourceConfluence of Wardha and Wainganga
 • locationKoutala,[1] Maharashtra, India
 • coordinates19°35′24″N 79°47′59″E / 19.59000°N 79.79972°E / 19.59000; 79.79972
 • elevation146 m (479 ft)
MouthGodavari River
 • location
Kaleshwaram, Telangana
 • coordinates
18°49′30″N 79°54′36″E / 18.82500°N 79.91000°E / 18.82500; 79.91000Coordinates: 18°49′30″N 79°54′36″E / 18.82500°N 79.91000°E / 18.82500; 79.91000
 • elevation
107 m (351 ft)
Length113 km (70 mi)
Basin size109,078 km2 (42,115 sq mi)
Basin features
Tributaries 
 • leftDina River[2]
 • rightNagulvagu River, Peddawagu River[3]

The Pranhita River is the largest tributary of Godavari River covering about 34%[4] of its drainage basin conveying the combined waters of the Penganga River, the Wardha River, and the Wainganga River. By virtue of its extensive network of tributaries, the river drains a large part of Vidarbha region in Maharashtra, as well as the southern slopes of the Satpura Range in southeast Madhya Pradesh. It flows along the border of Gadchiroli district in Maharashtra and Komaram Bheem Asifabad district in Telangana. The Pranahita sub-basin is the seventh largest in India,[5] measuring about 109,078 km2, making it larger than the individual basins of significant rivers such as the Narmada River and Kaveri.[citation needed]

Origin

Wardha river at Pulgaon
Wainganga River in Bhandara City

The Pranhita River begins at the confluence of two extensive rivers: the Wardha (catchment area: 46,237 km2) and the Wainganga (catchment area: 49,677 km2). This junction lies on the border between the states of Maharashtra and Telangana near TumdiHettty,Kouthala Mandal (near Sirpur (T)). Right at the onset, the river enjoys a wide river bed.

Course

The Pranhita River follows a short course of 113 kilometers, strictly adhering to the boundary between Gadchiroli district in Maharashtra and Komaram Bheem Asifabad,Mancherial, Jayashankar Bhupalapally districts in Telangana. The direction of flow is southward, unlike most rivers of the Deccan Plateau. Along its course, the river is flanked by thick forests and harbors a rich biodiversity of flora and fauna. After completing its short journey, the river empties itself into the Godavari River at Kaleswaram.

Dams

The Pranhita River currently does not have any dams built on it. However, a water project to construct a barrage is currently underway. This project, the Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Project, has an estimated cost of Rs. 38,500 crore and is a project the Indian state of Telangana.[6]

Uses

The River is used for water transport between Sironcha and Kaleswaram. It is also one of twelve rivers in the Pushkaram, a festival in Hindu traditions. The pushkaram on Pranhita(pranati) will held immediate after sindhu river pushkaram, Pranhita river pushkaram assign with zodiac of Mena(pisces). Pushkaram of Pranhita in 2022 will be from 13 to 24 April.

References

  1. ^ Singh, S. Harpal (4 January 2015). "Villagers near Pranahita project the least informed". The Hindu. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
  2. ^ "District Gadchiroli – Rivers & Dams". Gadchiroli.gov.in. Archived from the original on 20 August 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 October 2015. Retrieved 12 October 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Integrated Hydrological Databook (Non-Classified River Basins)" (PDF). Central Water Commission. March 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
  5. ^ "Basins –". Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
  6. ^ Singh, S. Harpal (28 May 2015). "Submergence, irrigation issues continue to dog Pranahita project". The Hindu. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
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