Poso

Poso
Poso in 2015
Poso in 2015
Sentinel-2 L2A satellite image, featuring the city of Poso in December 2020
Sentinel-2 L2A satellite image, featuring the city of Poso in December 2020
Poso is located in Sulawesi
Poso
Poso
Location of Poso in Sulawesi
Coordinates: 1°24′S 120°45′E / 1.400°S 120.750°E / -1.400; 120.750Coordinates: 1°24′S 120°45′E / 1.400°S 120.750°E / -1.400; 120.750
Country Indonesia
ProvinceCentral Sulawesi
RegencyPoso
Area
 • Total56.57 km2 (21.84 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 Census)
 • Total47,477
 [1]
Time zoneUTC+8 (Central Indonesia Time)
Websitehttp://posokab.go.id/

Poso (Old Spelling: Posso) is the administrative capital of Poso Regency, Indonesia. It is the main port and transportation hub for the central-southern coast of Central Sulawesi. Its urban area consists of three districts, Poso Kota, North Poso Kota, and South Poso Kota. Poso lies in the middle of the province on the shore of the Gulf of Tomini, right in the central part of Sulawesi island. With a total population of 47,477 in 2020, it is one of the biggest and the oldest towns in the province.[2]

Poso began to develop as a small port town located at the mouth of the Poso River at the end of the 19th century—making it one of the oldest towns in Central Sulawesi, and its presence was considered important for the Dutch to control the southern region of Tomini in the early days of their arrival. Poso was the administrative center of Landschap Poso, Onderafdeling Poso, and later Afdeling Poso during colonial times. In the midst of the World War II, the Japanese made Poso one of their military posts. Post-independence, Poso was chosen as the capital of the newly formed Central Sulawesi in 1948 before the capital was moved to Palu in 1951.

The central location of Poso has made it a stopover either from the north to the south, or from west to the east of Sulawesi. It is for this reason that the population of Poso consists of many different ethnicities, religions and backgrounds. People living in Poso are spread from the coastal area to the mountainous region, with the main sources of income being trade and services.

Poso is crossed by Trans-Sulawesi National Highway and served by Kasiguncu Airport, linking it to other cities in Sulawesi such as Palu and Makassar.

Geography

Climate

Poso has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) with heavy rainfall year-round.

Climate data for Poso
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.6
(87.1)
30.7
(87.3)
30.9
(87.6)
31.0
(87.8)
31.1
(88.0)
30.3
(86.5)
29.7
(85.5)
30.8
(87.4)
31.2
(88.2)
32.2
(90.0)
31.8
(89.2)
31.1
(88.0)
31.0
(87.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.8
(80.2)
26.8
(80.2)
27.0
(80.6)
27.0
(80.6)
27.4
(81.3)
26.6
(79.9)
25.9
(78.6)
26.6
(79.9)
26.7
(80.1)
27.5
(81.5)
27.5
(81.5)
27.1
(80.8)
26.9
(80.4)
Average low °C (°F) 23.0
(73.4)
23.0
(73.4)
23.1
(73.6)
23.1
(73.6)
23.7
(74.7)
23.0
(73.4)
22.2
(72.0)
22.5
(72.5)
22.3
(72.1)
22.9
(73.2)
23.2
(73.8)
23.2
(73.8)
22.9
(73.3)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 162
(6.4)
157
(6.2)
247
(9.7)
291
(11.5)
253
(10.0)
256
(10.1)
219
(8.6)
193
(7.6)
201
(7.9)
144
(5.7)
197
(7.8)
197
(7.8)
2,517
(99.3)
Source: Climate-Data.org[3]

Tourism and culture

Poso can be reached by plane from Palu or by bus from many other big cities on Sulawesi, and is situated on the equator. It features tropical rain forest, seashore gardens and other natural scenery. Sintuwu Maroso Square is the main town square and located in central Poso. Rumah Katu Marine Park is the water park located 10 km from the center of Poso.

Modero is a well known traditional dance which is performed during celebration of rice harvesting (Padungku), usually in the evenings.

See also

References

  1. ^ Badam Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  2. ^ "Selayang Pandang Kota Poso". Pemerintah Kabupaten Poso (in Indonesian). February 8, 2016. Archived from the original on January 8, 2017. Retrieved January 14, 2017.
  3. ^ "Climate: Poso". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 21 November 2020.

Sources

Books

  • Atkinson, Jane Monnig (1998). "Who Appears in the Family Album?: Writing the History of Indonesia's Revolutionary Struggle". In Rosaldo, Renato (ed.). Cultural Citizenship in Island Southeast Asia: Nation and Belonging in the Hinterlands. University of California Press. pp. 134–161. ISBN 9780520227484.
  • Schrauwers, Albert (2000). Colonial 'reformation' in the Highlands of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia, 1892–1995. Anthropological Horizons (14). Toronto: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 978-0-80-208303-6. LCCN 00698098.

Journals

  • Aragon, Lorraine (2001). "Communal Violence in Poso, Central Sulawesi: Where People Eat Fish and Fish Eat People". Indonesia. Southeast Asia Program Publications (72): 45–79. doi:10.2307/3351481. hdl:1813/54240. JSTOR 3351481.
  • Aragon, Lorraine (2005). "Mass Media Fragmentation and Narratives of Violent Action in Sulawesi's Poso Conflict". Indonesia. Southeast Asia Program Publications (79): 1–55. JSTOR 3351332.
  • Sadi, Haliadi; Agustino, Leo (2015). "Thought of Local Politics in the History of the Establishment of Central Sulawesi Province". COSMOGOV: Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan. Andalas University. 1 (2): 354–376. doi:10.24198/cosmogov.v1i2.11843. icon of an open green padlock

Reports

Websites

  • Elfarisi, Dimas (November 5, 2016). Fembrian, Widita (ed.). "Lepas Marathon 42 km, Menpora Ingin Poso Menjadi Kota Olahraga" [Open 42 km Marathon Race, Sports and Youth Minister Wants Poso to Become a Sports City]. Netral News (in Indonesian). Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  • Fauzi (May 22, 2017). Malaha, Rolex (ed.). "Telkom Sulteng: Poso Sudah Aplikasikan Smart City" [Telkom Sulteng: Poso is Applying Smart City]. ANTARA News Sulawesi Tengah (in Indonesian). Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  • Komunitas Historia Sulawesi Tengah (November 2, 2016). "Poso, Calon Ibu kota Provinsi yang Tereliminasi" [Poso, the Eliminated Prospective Capital of the Province]. Komunitas Historia Sulawesi Tengah (in Indonesian). Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  • Mansur (May 3, 2016). Damanik, Caroline (ed.). "Penggusuran Pasar Diwarnai Bentrokan, Lima Pedagang Diamankan Polisi" [Market Eviction Colored by Clashes, Five Traders Secured by the Police]. Kompas (in Indonesian). Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  • Pemerintah Kabupaten Poso (April 10, 2011). "Selayang Pandang Kabupaten Poso" [Overview of the Poso Regency]. Pemerintah Kabupaten Poso (in Indonesian). Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  • Timparosa, Feri (May 28, 2017). Malaha, Rolex (ed.). "Poso Bangun TPA Sampah yang Representatif" [Poso Build a Representative Waste Landfill]. ANTARA News Sulawesi Tengah (in Indonesian). Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  • Weatherbase (2018). "Poso, Indonesia Travel Weather Averages". Weatherbase. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
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