Portal:Zambia

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Zambia (/ˈzæmbiə, ˈzɑːm-/), officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country at the crossroads of Central, Southern and East Africa, although it is typically referred to as being in Southern Africa at its most central point. Its neighbours are the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the northeast, Malawi to the east, Mozambique to the southeast, Zimbabwe and Botswana to the south, Namibia to the southwest, and Angola to the west. The capital city of Zambia is Lusaka, located in the south-central part of Zambia. The nation's population of around 19.5 million is concentrated mainly around Lusaka in the south and the Copperbelt Province to the north, the core economic hubs of the country.

Originally inhabited by Khoisan peoples, the region was affected by the Bantu expansion of the thirteenth century. Following European explorers in the eighteenth century, the British colonised the region into the British protectorates of Barotseland-North-Western Rhodesia and North-Eastern Rhodesia comprising 73 tribes, towards the end of the nineteenth century. These were merged in 1911 to form Northern Rhodesia. For most of the colonial period, Zambia was governed by an administration appointed from London with the advice of the British South Africa Company.

On 24 October 1964, Zambia became independent of the United Kingdom and prime minister Kenneth Kaunda became the inaugural president. Kaunda's socialist United National Independence Party (UNIP) maintained power from 1964 until 1991. Kaunda played a key role in regional diplomacy, cooperating closely with the United States in search of solutions to conflicts in Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe), Angola, and Namibia. From 1972 to 1991 Zambia was a one-party state with UNIP as the sole legal political party under the motto "One Zambia, One Nation" coined by Kaunda. Kaunda was succeeded by Frederick Chiluba of the social-democratic Movement for Multi-Party Democracy in 1991, beginning a period of socio-economic development and government decentralisation. Zambia has since become a multi-party state and has experienced several peaceful transitions of power.

Zambia contains abundant natural resources, including minerals, wildlife, forestry, freshwater and arable land. In 2010, the World Bank named Zambia one of the world's fastest economically reformed countries. The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) is headquartered in Lusaka. (Full article...)

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Zambia
The Itezhi-Tezhi Dam on the Kafue River in west-central Zambia was built between 1974 and 1977 at the Itezhi-Tezhi Gap, in a range of hills through which the river had eroded a narrow valley, leading to the broad expanse of the wetlands known as the Kafue Flats. The town of Itezhi-Tezhi is to the east side of the dam. (Full article...)
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Zambia Eastern Province Districts.svg
Map of Eastern Province

Eastern Province is one of Zambia's ten provinces. The province lies between the Luangwa River and borders with Malawi to the east and Mozambique to the south, from Isoka in the northeast to the north of Luangwa in the south. The provincial capital is Chipata. Eastern province has an area of 51,476 km2 (19,875 sq mi), locally shares border with three other provinces of the country and is divided into fifteen districts.

As per the 2010 Zambian census, Eastern Province had a population of 1,592,661, accounting to 12.16% of the total Zambian population. The sex ratio was 1,030 for every 1,000 males. As of 2010, Chewa was the largest community in the region with 39.7 per cent of the total population and Chewa was the most widely spoken language with 34.6 per cent speaking it. On the tourism front, the province has four national parks. The province has two significant traditional ceremonies being the Nc'wala festival celebrated in Chipata District by the Ngoni tribe during February and the Chewa Kulamba ceremony celebrated in Katete District by the Chewa Kingdom which is held annually on the last Saturday in August. The Kulamba ceremony, which is attended by over 200,000 people, was banned by the Colonial regime and gathers Chewa chiefs from across the Kingdom in Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique who come to pay homage to their King and update him of events in the Kingdom. Agriculture is the major occupation in the province which accounts for 20.41 per cent of the total area cultivated in Zambia. The province accounted for 19.61 per cent of the total agricultural production in the country with sunflower being the major crop. Chipata Airport and Mfuwe Airport are the two airports in the province. (Full article...)

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Cities

LusakaKitweNdolaKabweChingolaMufuliraLivingstoneLuanshyaKasamaChipataChililabombweSolwezi

History

Barotziland-North-Western RhodesiaThe Africa HouseBritish South Africa CompanyCopperbelt strike (1935)East African Campaign (World War I)Federation of Rhodesia and NyasalandGovernor-General of the Federation of Rhodesia and NyasalandGovernor of Northern RhodesiaHistory of Church activities in ZambiaLuapula Province border disputeLunda EmpireMulungushiMwata YamvoNorth-Eastern RhodesiaNorthern RhodesiaNorthern Rhodesian African National CongressNorth-Western RhodesiaRhodesian ManStairs ExpeditionZambia Independence Act

Politics

Defence ForceDiplomatic missionsElectionsForeign relationsMinistry of HealthLusaka DeclarationNational AssemblyPresidentsPrime MinistersPolitical parties

Provinces

CentralCopperbeltEasternLuapulaLusakaNorth-WesternNorthernSouthernWesternMuchinga Province

Geography

BarotselandCongo PedicleDambosDistricts of ZambiaKariba GorgeMporokoso GroupNyika PlateauSouthern AfricaRift Valley lakesZambezi Escarpment

Economy

Bank of ZambiaCopperbeltList of Zambian companiesLusaka Stock ExchangeZambian kwachaMount Makulu ZambiaTazama PipelineKonkola Copper MinesZambia Consolidated Copper MinesZambia PostZambian AirwaysZamtelZambian poundRhodesia and Nyasaland pound

Languages

Bemba languageChichewa languageCilunguFanagaloKaonde languageLamba languageLozi languageLunda languageMambwe languageMbunda languageShona languageTonga language (Zambia)Tumbuka languageYauma languageLuvale language

Culture

2011 All-Africa Games Zambian traditional ceremonies

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Transport

Zambian AirwaysBenguela railwayTAZARA RailwayZambia RailwaysTrans–Caprivi HighwayGreat East Road (Zambia)Great North Road (Zambia)

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