Pelendri

Pelendri
Πελένδρι
Pelentri or Pelendria
Pelendri village
Pelendri village
Pelendri is located in Cyprus
Pelendri
Pelendri
Location in Cyprus
Coordinates: 34°53′45″N 32°57′54″E / 34.89583°N 32.96500°E / 34.89583; 32.96500Coordinates: 34°53′45″N 32°57′54″E / 34.89583°N 32.96500°E / 34.89583; 32.96500
Country Cyprus
DistrictLimassol District
Population
 (2001)[1]
 • Total1,185
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Websitewww.pelendri.org

Pelendri (Greek: Πελένδρι, Turkish: Pelendri) is a village in the Limassol District of Cyprus.

Location

Weir in Pelendri

Pelendri is located below the Troodos Mountains, in the region of Pitsilia. It is located on a barren hillside, at an altitude of 800 meters above sea level, 40 kilometers from the city of Limassol. Adjacent to the Trimiklini villages Saittas, Potamitissa and Amiandos.

Physical geography

View of "St. John Lampadistis" Church.

Geology

The terrain is rugged and mountainous with narrow deep valleys and steep slopes. On three sides of the village loom tall peaks, their height in many cases exceeding 1000 metres.

Climate, flora and vegetation

The climate of the region combined with the relatively high annual rainfall received by the village (about 750 millimetres) favours the cultivation of various fruit trees (apple, peach, pear), grapevines, olive, almond, nuts, raspberries and vegetables (green beans, peas, tomatoes, cucumbers, onions, zucchini, potatoes).

However, due to the relief of the area there are several uncultivated areas with a rich presence of natural vegetation. Here there are a variety of plants: πεύκων, λατζιές, αντρουκλιές, τρεμιθιές, ξυσταριές, περνιές, αγριοελιές, σκλήδρους, πλατάνους, μερσινιές. Part of the Troodos and Monastery state forests are within the administrative boundaries of Pelendri.

History

Pelendri was a well-known settlement during the Middle Ages. Louis de Mas Latrie refers to it as Pelendres or Pelondres. He also says that in 1353 it was a fief of John de Lusignan, Prince of Antioch and a member of the royal family of Cyprus. The medieval chronicler Georgios Boustronios mentioned the village twice in his chronicle. In one case he mentions that in around 1461, a rich trader named Satin lived in the village. In the second, he speaks of two Prastio (farms) in Pelendri owned by Ritzzo di Marino. They were seized in 1474 by Catherine Cornaro. These two farms, Kardamas (Kardama) and Filagra, were dissolved during the Ottoman occupation. Filagra was re-established in the mid 20th century.

The church of 'Timios Stavros' was built in the 14th century and is one of the best preserved Byzantine churches in Cyprus. It, along with 9 other Painted Churches in the Troödos Region were inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985 because of their outstanding frescoes and testimony to the history of Byzantine rule in Cyprus.[2]

According to narratives, there were still 14 small villages in the area. They were abandoned, their residents joining with those of Pelendri for security. As such villages reads: Poulos, in which many important archaeological artefacts of the era of Alexander the Great were found, Fournia, in which there are traces of old settlement, Troumithos, in which there is a very old chalcopyrite mine, the Tzeramis, which was completely destroyed by a landslide, Rontia, Konnara, Kaminia, Mazokampos, Chalazin, Argyrou, Deisis, Ais Giannis Potamoulion, Pontikia and Kountouries.

Population history

Population history of Pelendri
Census Population Comments Diagram
1881[3] 444 The census does not distinguish the inhabitants according
to their religion or nationality.
1891[4] 515 514 non-Muslims, 1 Muslim.
1901[5] 579 Only non-Muslims.
1911[6] 715 714 non-Muslims, 1 Muslim.
1921[7] 798 798 non-Muslims, 1 Muslim.
1931[8] 982 982 Christians, 1 Muslim.
1946[9] 1504 1503 Greeks Orthodox, 1 Muslim Turkish.
1960[10] 2094 Only Greeks.
1973[11] 2253 Only Greek Cypriots.
1976[12] 2218 Only Greek Cypriots.
1982[13] 1739 Only Greek Cypriots.
1992[14] 1377 Only Greek Cypriots.
2001[15] 1185 Only Greek Cypriots.
2011[1] 1074 Only Greek Cypriots.
The comments refer to the separation of the residents according to their religion or nationality as it was in the corresponding census.

References

  1. ^ a b "Cyprus census 2011" (in Greek). Nicosia: Statistical Service of Cyprus. 2015-11-17. Sheet Γ1. Archived from the original (XLS) on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2017-05-01.
  2. ^ "Painted Churches in the Troödos Region". UNESCO World Heritage List. United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Census of Cyprus 1881" (PDF). 1884. p. 13. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2017-04-30.
  4. ^ "Census of Cyprus 1891" (PDF). June 1893. p. 12. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2017-04-30.
  5. ^ "Census of Cyprus 1901" (PDF). p. 11. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2017-04-30.
  6. ^ "Census of Cyprus 1911" (PDF). p. 11. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2017-04-30.
  7. ^ "Census of Cyprus 1921" (PDF). 1922. p. 11. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2017-04-30.
  8. ^ "Census of Cyprus 1931" (PDF). 1932. p. 9. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2017-04-30.
  9. ^ "Census of Cyprus 1946" (PDF). 1949. p. 7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2017-04-30.
  10. ^ "Census of Cyprus 1960" (PDF). p. 15. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2017-04-30.
  11. ^ "History". www.pelendri.org. Archived from the original on 2017-05-19. Retrieved 2017-05-19.
  12. ^ "Census of Housing 1976" (in Greek). Statistical Service of Cyprus. Archived from the original on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2017-04-30.
  13. ^ "Census of Housing 1982". Statistical Service of Cyprus. Archived from the original on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2017-04-30.
  14. ^ "Cyprus census 1992" (in Greek). Statistical Service of Cyprus. Archived from the original on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2017-04-30.
  15. ^ "Cyprus census 2001" (in Greek). Statistical Service of Cyprus. 2002-11-18. Archived from the original on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2017-05-01.
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