Pavlodar

Pavlodar
Павлодар
Город Павлодар, Казахстан. Здание акимата Павлодарской области.jpg
Pavlodar Theatre Ayimautov.JPG
Pavlodar Friendship House.JPG
Sultammahmut Toraygirov monument.jpg
P8250011.JPG
Республика Казахстан, г. Павлодар. Вид на центральный собор, КазТрансОйл, КДЦ им. Естая.JPG
Республика Казахстан, г. Павлодар. Салют. Центральная набережная. Ночной снимок.JPG
Flag of Pavlodar
Coat of arms of Pavlodar
Pavlodar is located in Kazakhstan
Pavlodar
Pavlodar
Location in Kazakhstan
Coordinates: 52°18′N 76°57′E / 52.300°N 76.950°E / 52.300; 76.950
Country Kazakhstan
RegionPavlodar Region
EstablishedAt the beginning of the IX century
Incorporated1861
Government
 • Akim (mayor)Yerzhan Imanzaipov[1]
Area
 • City632 km2 (244 sq mi)
 • Urban
100 km2 (40 sq mi)
Elevation
123 m (404 ft)
Population
 (2014)
 • City361 623
 • Density798.5/km2 (2,068/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+6 (UTC+6)
Postal code
140000–140017
Area code+7 7182
ClimateDfb
Websitewww.pavlodar.gov.kz
Fountain in riverside park
Amateur racing in downtown Pavlodar on "City Day" 2006

Coordinates: 52°18′N 76°57′E / 52.300°N 76.950°E / 52.300; 76.950

Pavlodar (Kazakh: Павлодар, romanized: Pavlodar (listen); Russian: Павлодар) is a city in northeastern Kazakhstan and the capital of Pavlodar Region. It is located 450 km northeast of the national capital Astana and 405 km southeast of the Russian city of Omsk along the Irtysh River. As of 2010, the city had a population of 331,710.[2] The population of Pavlodar is composed predominantly of ethnic Kazakhs and Russians, with significant Ukrainian, German and Tatar minorities. The city is served by Pavlodar Airport.

History

One of the oldest cities in northern Kazakhstan, Pavlodar was founded in the IX century as Imakia, the capital city of Kimak Khaganate.

Koryakovsky fort was founded in 1720 as an Imperial Russian outpost. The settlement was created to establish control over the region's salt lakes, an important source of valuable salt. In 1861 the settlement was renamed Pavlodar and incorporated as a town. Pavlodar's significance was due in large measure to the substantial agricultural and salt-producing industries that had developed there despite the town's relatively small population. Pavlodar's population numbered only about 8,000 in 1897. The name Pavlodar means The Gift of Paul, and was chosen to commemorate the birth of the Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia.[3]

After 1955, the Soviet Government's Virgin Lands Campaign provided the impetus for the rapid growth and development of modern Pavlodar. Under the program, large numbers of young men and women from throughout the Soviet Union were relocated to the city; industrial and commercial activity was increased; and from the mid-1960s on, Pavlodar grew to become a major industrial centre of both the Kazakh SSR and of the Soviet Union because of a major arms and armour manufacturing facility located in the city.[4]

On April 1 2020, the city was subject to quarantine in an attempt to slow the spread of Covid-19.[5][needs update]

Geography

Climate

An embankment on the Irtysh River

Pavlodar has a warm-summer humid continental climate that borders on the hot summer one (Köppen Dfb but only ½ a degree below Dfa) with long, cold winters and hot summers.

The average temperature in January is −15.8 °C (4 °F) with absolute observed lows reaching −45 to −47 °C (−49 to −53 °F). In July the temperature averages 21.5 °C (71 °F). Yearly precipitation amounts to 303 mm (12 in).

Climate data for Pavlodar (1991–2020, extremes 1948–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 4.2
(39.6)
5.3
(41.5)
24.6
(76.3)
33.9
(93.0)
38.0
(100.4)
40.8
(105.4)
42.0
(107.6)
40.6
(105.1)
36.1
(97.0)
29.2
(84.6)
17.9
(64.2)
7.2
(45.0)
42.0
(107.6)
Average high °C (°F) −11.8
(10.8)
−9.1
(15.6)
−0.6
(30.9)
13.7
(56.7)
21.3
(70.3)
26.5
(79.7)
27.7
(81.9)
26.1
(79.0)
19.1
(66.4)
10.7
(51.3)
−1.4
(29.5)
−8.5
(16.7)
9.5
(49.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −16.7
(1.9)
−14.7
(5.5)
−6.2
(20.8)
6.8
(44.2)
14.2
(57.6)
19.8
(67.6)
21.2
(70.2)
19.0
(66.2)
12.1
(53.8)
4.5
(40.1)
−5.9
(21.4)
−13.1
(8.4)
3.4
(38.1)
Average low °C (°F) −21.6
(−6.9)
−20.1
(−4.2)
−11.5
(11.3)
0.1
(32.2)
6.6
(43.9)
12.8
(55.0)
14.9
(58.8)
12.2
(54.0)
5.6
(42.1)
−0.8
(30.6)
−10.1
(13.8)
−18.1
(−0.6)
−2.5
(27.5)
Record low °C (°F) −45
(−49)
−42.8
(−45.0)
−37.2
(−35.0)
−27.2
(−17.0)
−7.2
(19.0)
−2.2
(28.0)
4.2
(39.6)
0.2
(32.4)
−9
(16)
−21.5
(−6.7)
−40
(−40)
−45.2
(−49.4)
−45.2
(−49.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18
(0.7)
16
(0.6)
16
(0.6)
16
(0.6)
28
(1.1)
41
(1.6)
57
(2.2)
31
(1.2)
21
(0.8)
24
(0.9)
23
(0.9)
22
(0.9)
313
(12.3)
Average extreme snow depth cm (inches) 17
(6.7)
24
(9.4)
17
(6.7)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
3
(1.2)
12
(4.7)
24
(9.4)
Average rainy days 1 0 3 8 12 12 15 12 12 10 5 1 91
Average snowy days 18 16 12 5 1 0.03 0 0.03 0 5 14 19 90
Average relative humidity (%) 79 79 80 62 54 55 60 61 63 71 80 80 69
Source: Pogoda.ru.net[6]

Demographics

The city's population is 331,119 (as of January 1, 2018), and the extended urbanized area has 342,321 inhabitants.[7]

Ethnic groups are as follows (as of January 1, 2018):[8][9]

Economy

The largest local industries are aluminum, industrial chemicals, and farm machinery. An oil refinery was completed in 1978. In 2012 Polish rolling stock manufacturer Pesa Bydgoszcz announced its intentions to build a tram assembly plant in Pavlodar in conjunction with the city's plans to buy up to 100 new trams from the manufacturer to shore up its aging public transport infrastructure.[10] The pharmaceutical company Romat is based in Pavlodar.[11]

Sports

FC Irtysh is a Kazakh football club based at the Central Stadium in Pavlodar. Another notable club formerly based in Pavlodar, FC Energetik, has since relocated to Ekibastuz.

The Chess Federation of Pavlodar organizes frequent citywide competitions such as «Pavlodar Open 2007» and «The Pavlodar Regional Cup», a fast chess competition.[12] Several FIDE masters, and grandmasters including Rinat Zhumabayev, Pavel Kotsur, Yuri Nikitin Vladimir Grebenshikov, and Yelena Ankudinova, participate regularly in the events.

Ice hockey team Irtysh play in Nur-Sultan Ice Palace (capacity 2, 800). Pavlodar hockey players were the champions of Kazakhstan three times in the row in the seasons 2012/2013, 2013/2014 and 2014/2015.

Infrastructure

Public transportation

Tram

Tram on Pavlodar street

Pavlodar has an 89 km streetcar (tram) network, which began service in 1965 with, as of 2012, 20 regular and 3 special routes. The network has a 60% share of the local public transport market. However, its fleet of 115 trams is due to be replaced by 100 new trams produced locally by Polish manufacturer PESA SA.[10][13]

River Port

Currently, Pavlodar River Port JSC is operating — a large transport and industrial enterprise engaged in cargo transit, extraction and sale of river sand, sells and transports crushed stone, coal, performs work on cleaning hydrological facilities.

Pavlodar River Port JSC is one of the active ports on the Irtysh River.

The project of the modern Pavlodar river port was developed in 1955 by the design institute "Giprorechtrans" on the instructions of the Ministry of the River Fleet of the USSR. Since 1965, the former wharf of Pavlodar, by the decree of the Council of Ministers of the Kazakh SSR, was renamed the Pavlodar River Port. Since that moment, a river port equipped with the latest transshipment equipment has been functioning in Pavlodar. By the mid-1980s, the Pavlodar River Port had become the largest transshipment hub. At that time, the Pavlodar River Port was in first place among forty river ports of the Soviet Union in terms of cargo transshipment volumes. During this period, on average, about 6.5 million tons of various cargoes were transported per year. Since 2001, Pavlodar River Port JSC has been a private enterprise.

Bus service

There are 21 bus routes[14] and 13 minibus (marshrutka) routes[15] in the city.

Education

Several universities are located in Pavlodar, among them:

  • Pavlodar State University (named after S. Toraigyrov)
  • Pavlodar State Pedagogical University
  • Innovative University of Eurasia

Sister cities

Notable people

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Акимом Павлодара назначен Ержан Иманзаипов" (in Russian). zakon.kz. 2022-12-29.
  2. ^ "Pavlodar Statistics". pavl.kz. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  3. ^ "Pavlodar - Kazakhstan". britannica.com. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  4. ^ "Pavlodar travel guide". Caravanistan. Retrieved 2019-08-13.
  5. ^ "Прием всех рейсов прекращает аэропорт Нур-Султана". 31 March 2020.
  6. ^ "Weather and Climate – The Climate of Pavlodar" (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). Archived from the original on 25 November 2016. Retrieved 5 January 2022.
  7. ^ "Stat.kz".
  8. ^ Департамент статистики Павлодарской области (Oblast statistical agency) Archived 2012-04-23 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Агентство Республики Казахстан по статистике. Численность населения Республики Казахстан по областям, городам и районам, полу и отдельным возрастным группам, отдельным этносам на начало 2010 года (Kazakh Statistical Agency Archived 2013-01-17 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ a b "Pesa to establish tram assembly plant in Kazakhstan", Railway Gazette, 4 May 2012
  11. ^ "Kazakhstan International Healthcare Exhibition. List of participants of 2009". kihe.kz. Archived from the original on 2011-04-21. Retrieved 2011-07-20.
  12. ^ Skurygin, Anton (September 27, 2007). "Pavlodar Regional Cup on Fast Chess 2007" (in Russian). Chess in Pavlodar. Retrieved March 29, 2008.
  13. ^ "Павлодарский трамвай :: Введение". pavlodar-tramway.narod.ru. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  14. ^ "Городские Автобусы в г. Павлодар по номерам маршрутов". 24kz.ru.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  15. ^ "Городские Маршрутки в г. Павлодар по номерам маршрутов". 24kz.ru.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

External links

  • Government portal
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pavlodar&oldid=1136023972"