Ophemert

Ophemert
Village
Ophemert Castle
Ophemert Castle
Coat of arms of Ophemert
Ophemert is located in Gelderland
Ophemert
Ophemert
Location in the Netherlands
Ophemert is located in Netherlands
Ophemert
Ophemert
Ophemert (Netherlands)
Coordinates: 51°50′43″N 5°23′3″E / 51.84528°N 5.38417°E / 51.84528; 5.38417Coordinates: 51°50′43″N 5°23′3″E / 51.84528°N 5.38417°E / 51.84528; 5.38417
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceGelderland
MunicipalityWest Betuwe
Area
[1]
 • Total14.21 km2 (5.49 sq mi)
Elevation
[2]
6 m (20 ft)
Population
 (2021)[1]
 • Total1,685
 • Density120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
4061[1]
Dialing code0344

Ophemert is a village in the Dutch province of Gelderland. It is a part of the municipality of West Betuwe, and lies about 5 km south of Tiel.

Ophemert was a separate municipality between 1818 and 1978, when it was merged with Neerijnen.[3]

History

It was first mentioned between 800 and 850 as Hamaritda, and means stone. The origin is not clear, since Ophemert is located along the Waal.[4] Ophemert developed as a stretched out esdorp along the river.[5]

In the 14th century, the castle Huis Ophemert was constructed to the north of the village. The castle received its current shape around 1700. The Dutch Reformed Church dates from the early 16th century. It was heavily damaged during World War II and was restored in neo-gothic style around 1955.[5] In 1840, Ophemert was home to 985 people.[6]

In the winter of 1944 to 1945, Ophemert was subject to shelling. The Allied forces were on the other side of the river, and the Germans were in Ophemert. The fighting resulted in the destruction of a large part of the village was destroyed which was rebuilt after the war.[6]

The pumping mill Poldermolen in Wadenoijen was built in 1888 as a replacement of a wind mill which burned down in 1887. In the 1970s, the location became problematic, because it could no longer pump water. In 2010, it was decided to move the windmill to Ophemert and since 2018, it is back in operation.[7]

Notable people

  • Teun Beijnen (1899–1949), rower who competed in the 1924 and 1928 Summer Olympics[8]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b c "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2021". Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 24 March 2022.
  2. ^ "Postcodetool for 4061AA". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 24 March 2022.
  3. ^ Ad van der Meer and Onno Boonstra, Repertorium van Nederlandse gemeenten, KNAW, 2011.
  4. ^ "Ophemert - (geografische naam)". Etymologiebank (in Dutch). Retrieved 24 March 2022.
  5. ^ a b Ronald Stenvert & Sabine Broekhoven (2000). "Ophemert" (in Dutch). Zwolle: Waanders. ISBN 90 400 9406 3. Retrieved 24 March 2022.
  6. ^ a b "Ophemert". Plaatsengids (in Dutch). Retrieved 24 March 2022.
  7. ^ "poldermolen". Molen database (in Dutch). Retrieved 24 March 2022.
  8. ^ "Anthonie Christiaan "Teun" Beijnen". Olympedia (in Dutch). Retrieved 24 March 2022.
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