Ogan Komering Ilir Regency

Ogan Komering Ilir Regency
Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ilir
OKI Regency
Coat of arms of Ogan Komering Ilir Regency
Nickname: 
OKI
Motto: 
Bende Seguguk (Gong Satu Kesatuan/The Unity Gong)
Location within South Sumatera
Location within South Sumatera
Coordinates: 2°18′S 104°12′E / 2.30°S 104.20°E / -2.30; 104.20
Sovereign state Indonesia
ProvinceSouth Sumatra
Regency seatKayu Agung
Onder Afdeeling (Dutch rule)as Ogan Ilir and Komering Ilir ca.1900
Karesidenanas Palembang ca.1945
Kabupaten (Regency)since 1956
Government
 • TypeRegency
 • Regent / BupatiIskandar (PAN)
 • Vice Regent / Wakil BupatiMuhammad Djafar Shodiq
Area
 • Total19,023.47 km2 (7,345.00 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)[1]
 • Total769,348
 • Density40/km2 (100/sq mi)
 • Ethnicity
Malay Javanese Balinese
Time zoneUTC+7 (Western Indonesia Time)
Postcode
306xx
Area code+ 62 712 : 0712
Distance from Kayuagung to Palembang65 km
Websitego.kaboki.go.id

Ogan Komering Ilir Regency (abbreviation OKI) is a regency of South Sumatra Province, Indonesia. It takes its name from the Ogan River and the Komering River, which are the two main rivers that drain the area. The name Ilir means downstream (there are other regencies in the province named Ogan Komering Ulu, South Ogan Komering Ulu and East Ogan Komering Ulu; Ulu means upstream). The administrative centre is the town of Kayu Agung. The regency borders Palembang, Ogan Ilir Regency and Banyuasin Regency to the north, Bangka Strait, and Java Sea to the east, Lampung Province to the south, and Ogan Ilir Regency, and East Ogan Komering Ulu Regency to the west.[2]

It has an area of 19,023.47 km2 and a population of 727,376 at the 2010 Census[3] and 769,348 at the 2020 Census.[4] The regency contains the Ogan-Komering Ilir, or floodplain lakes, an area of wetland covering about 200,000 hectares.[5] Major crops include coffee, sugar cane, oil palm, rubber, cocoa bean, pineapple, tea and fish.[6]

Administrative districts

This Regency is administratively composed of eighteen districts (kecamatan), listed below with their areas (in km2) and their populations at the 2010[7] and 2020[8] Censuses. The table also includes the locations of the distriuct administrative centres, the number of villages in each district (there are 327 villages in all comprising 13 urban kelurahan and 314 rural desa) and its postal code.

Name Area
(in km2)
Population
Census 2010
Population
Census 2020
Administrative
centre
No. of
villages
Post
code
Lempuing 295.61 70,642 73,004 Tugumulyo 19 30657
Lempuing Jaya 505.80 59,786 62,543 Lubuk Seberuk 16 30657
Mesuji 642.86 38,870 41,147 Pematang Panggang 17 30681
Sungai Menang
(Menang River)
2,305.42 46,567 34,830 Sungai Menang 18 30684
Mesuji Makmur 493.14 51,456 56,332 Catur Tunggai 19 30682
Mesuji Raya 515.85 34,334 37,896 Kemang Indah 17 30683
Tulung Selapan 5,363.65 40,683 46,561 Tulung Selapan Ulu 23 30655
Cengal 3,038.66 42,683 37,222 Cengal 17 30658
Pedamaran 376.68 40,114 44,548 Menang Raya 14 30672
Pedamaran Timur
(East Pedamaran)
692.79 20,110 21,867 Sumber Hidup 7 30670
Tanjung Lubuk 219.97 32,296 35,355 Tanjung Lubuk 22 30671
Teluk Gelam
(Gelam Bay)
169.29 21,268 24,707 Seriguna 14 30673
(Kota) Kayu Agung 224.45 62,694 75,976 Cinta Raja 25 30617 & 30618
(Kecamatan) Sirah Pulau Padang 102.08 41,709 45,161 Terate 20 30651
Jejawi 237.98 38,098 39,042 Jejawi 19 30652
Pampangan 483.42 27,758 29,876 Pampangan 22 30654
Pangkalan Lampam 1,104.75 26,033 27,471 Pangkalan Lampam 19 30659
Air Sugihan 2,251.07 32,180 35,810 Kertamukti 19 30656
Totals 19,023.47 727,376 769,348 Kota Kayu Agung 327

History

In the Dutch colonial period, the region was included in the territory of South Sumatra and Sub Residency (Afdeeling) Palembang and Tanah Datar with its capital of Palembang. The afdeeling was divided into several onder afdeeling, and Ogan Komering Ilir region covers the former areas of onder afdeeling Komering Ilir and onder afdeeling Ogan Ilir.

After the Republic of Indonesia's independence, the territory of Ogan Komering Ilir was included in the residency of Palembang, which included 26 marga. Then, based on the Emergency Act No.4/1956 on the Establishment of the Autonomous Region Regencies in South Sumatra Province, Ogan Komering Ilir became one of the regencies in the province of South Sumatra. After the dissolution of the marga, Ogan Komering Ilir regency was divided into 12 districts and 4 "districts with definitive representation".

By 1996 Ogan Komering Ilir Regency had 14 districts and 4 "districts with definitive representation". Fourth districts such representation is the Pematang Panggang District (now Sungai Menang District) with the District Parent Mesuji, District Cengal with the District Parent Tulung Selapan, District Rantau Alai with the District Parent Tanjung Raja and District Jejawi with the District Parent Sirah Pulau Padang. Furthermore, in 2001 the government reformed the four "districts with definitive representation" into full districts, so Ogan Komering Ilir thus has 18 districts.

Based on Presidential Decree No.37/2003 on the Establishment of East Ogan Komering Ulu, Ogan Komering Ilir and Ogan Ilir in South Sumatra Province, Ogan Komering Ilir Regency was divided into two regencies, namely Ogan Komering Ilir Regency and Ogan Ilir Regency. Ogan Ilir Regency included the 6 districts of Inderalaya (as the capital), Tanjung Raja, Tanjung Batu, Muara Kuang, Pemulutan and Rantau Alai. After this expansion, Ogan Komering Ilir regency consisted of 12 districts.

Then, in accordance with Regencies Act No.5/2005, five of the existing Ogan Komering Ilir regencies were divided to form six new districts, namely Lempuing Jaya (from part of Lempuing), Mesuji Makmur and Masuji Raya (from part of Mesuji), East Pedamaran (from part of Pedamaran), Teluk Gelam (from part of Tanjung Lubuk), and Pangkalan Lampam (from part of Pampangan). After this expansion Ogan Komering Ilir Regency has 18 administrative districts.[9]

References

  1. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  2. ^ http://go.kaboki.go.id/profil/geografi-kabupaten-oki
  3. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  4. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  5. ^ "Ogan Komering Ilir". Media Informasi Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ilir. 25 April 2022.
  6. ^ "Profile of Regency of Ogan Komering Ilir". Media Informasi Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ilir. 28 May 2022.
  7. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  8. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  9. ^ http://go.kaboki.go.id/profil/sejarah-kabupaten-oki
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