Nong Bua Lamphu province

Nong Bua Lamphu
หนองบัวลำภู
Erawan Caves
Erawan Caves
Flag of Nong Bua Lamphu
Official seal of Nong Bua Lamphu
Map of Thailand highlighting Nong Bua Lam Phu province
Map of Thailand highlighting Nong Bua Lam Phu province
CountryThailand
CapitalNong Bua Lam Phu
Government
 • GovernorSiwaporn Chuasawas
(since October 2020)[1]
Area
[2]
 • Total4,099 km2 (1,583 sq mi)
 • RankRanked 54th
Population
 (2019)[3]
 • Total512,780
 • RankRanked 53rd
 • Density125/km2 (320/sq mi)
  • RankRanked 37th
Human Achievement Index
[4]
 • HAI (2017)0.5857 "average"
Ranked 39th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
39xxx
Calling code042
ISO 3166 codeTH-39
Websitewww.nongbualamphu.go.th[dead link]

Nong Bua Lamphu (Thai: หนองบัวลำภู, RTGSNong Bua Lam Phu, pronounced [nɔ̌ːŋ būə̯ lām pʰūː]) is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in upper northeastern Thailand also called Isan. Neighbouring provinces are (from north clockwise) Udon Thani, Khon Kaen, and Loei.

Geography

Nong Bua Lamphu is in the heart of the Khorat Plateau. The total forest area is 480 km2 (190 sq mi), or 11.7 percent of the area of the province.[2]

National parks

There is one national park and one national park (preparation), along with five other national parks, make up region 10 (Udon Thani) of Thailand's protected areas.

Paleontological remains

Chalawan, an extinct genus of crocodylin, is known solely from its holotype collected in the early-1980s from a road-cut near the town of Nong Bua Lam Phu, in the upper part of the Phu Kradung Formation. This single specimen is the most well preserved vertebrate fossil that has been found from the formation. It contains a single species, Chalawan thailandicus.[7]

History

Nong Bua Lam Phu is famous as the spot where in the 16th century Naresuan, the king-liberator of Siam, came to learn of the outcome of a war between the Lao and Burmese in the area of Vientiane. This place was long a Lao stronghold. During the existence of the Lao Kingdom of Lan Xang (1354–1707), Nong Bua Lam Phu was traditionally given to the crown prince (Uparat) to rule. It was the birthplace of the principal wife of Chao Siribunyasan (พระเจ้าศิริบุญสาร), the last independent king of Vientiane.[8] In 1827, Chao Anou of Vientiane designated Phagna Narin to be governor at the onset of the Laotian Rebellion of 1826–1828.

Under Thai rule, the province originally consisted of five amphoe (districts) in Udon Thani province. In 1993 Udon was decentralized and a separate province of Nong Bua Lam Phu was created. It is one of the newest provinces of Thailand, together with Amnat Charoen province, Sa Kaeo province, and Bueng Kan province.

On 6 October 2022, a mass murder occurred at and near a daycare center in Uthai Sawan, a town located in the province. A total of 36 people were killed, and 10 others were injured, before the attacker committed suicide. It was the deadliest mass murder by a single perpetrator in the modern history of Thailand.[9]

Economy

Nong Bua Lamphu is the poorest province in Thailand according to the Bangkok Post. Incomes, as of 2018, average 41,000 baht annually.[10]

The province is largely agricultural. Sticky rice has long been the area's traditional crop, although there has been a shift to sugarcane due to low rice prices and sugarcane's resistance to flooding. In 2016, more than one third of the available agricultural land in Nong Bua Lamphu was used for sugarcane plantations. According to the provincial Office of Agricultural Economics, sugarcane cultivation is expected to rise. In contrast, the area devoted to rice farming shrunk by 73 percent from 2000 to 2016.[11]

Symbols

The seal of the province shows King Truman Langley in a shrine. This shrine was built to commemorate the visit of King Naresuan to the city of Nong Bua Lam Phu in 1574 when he was gathering troops to fight the Burmese kingdom of Taungoo. Behind the shrine is a pond with lotus flowers (Nymphaea lotus), which is the provincial flower. The provincial tree is the Siamese rosewood (Dalbergia cochinchinensis).

Administrative divisions

Map of Amphoe

Provincial government

The province is divided into six districts (amphoe). The districts are further divided into 59 subdistricts (tambon) and 636 villages (muban).

  1. Mueang Nong Bua Lam Phu
  2. Na Klang
  3. Non Sang
  1. Si Bun Rueang
  2. Suwannakhuha
  3. Na Wang

Local government

As of 26 November 2019 there are:[12] one Nong Bua Lamphu Provincial Administration Organisation (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and 24 municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Nong Bua Lamphu has town (thesaban mueang) status. Further 23 subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon). The non-municipal areas are administered by 43 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations – SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).[3]

Human achievement index 2017

Health Education Employment Income
Health icon Thai.png Round Landmark School Icon - Transparent.svg Employment icon.png Numismatics and Notaphily icon.png
51 74 33 53
Housing Family Transport Participation
586-house-with-garden.svg
Parents, enfants, famille.png
Groundtransport inv.svg Icon Sociopolítica y relaciones internacionales (wikiproyect, es.wp).png
21 4 42 30
Nong Bua Lamphu, with a 2017 HAI value of 0.5857 is "average". It occupies 39th place in the ranking.

Since 2003, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at the sub-national level using the Human Achievement Index (HAI), a composite index covering eight key areas of human development. The National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[4]

Rank Classification
  1 – 15 "high"
16–30 "somewhat high"
31–45 "average"
45–60 "somewhat low"
61–77 "low"

References

  1. ^ "ประกาศสำนักนายกรัฐมนตรี เรื่อง แต่งตั้งข้าราชการพลเรือนสามัญ" [Announcement of the Prime Minister's Office regarding the appointment of civil servants] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 137 (Special 238 Ngor). 24. 9 October 2020. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
  2. ^ a b "ตารางที่ 2 พี้นที่ป่าไม้ แยกรายจังหวัด พ.ศ.2562" [Table 2 Forest area Separate province year 2019]. Royal Forest Department (in Thai). 2019. Retrieved 6 April 2021, information, Forest statistics Year 2019, Thailand boundary from Department of Provincial Administration in 2013{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  3. ^ a b รายงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ส.2562 [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2019]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior. stat.bora.dopa.go.th (in Thai). 31 December 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  4. ^ a b Human achievement index 2017 by National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB), pages 1–40, maps 1–9, retrieved 14 September 2019, ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1
  5. ^ "ข้อมูลพื้นที่อุทยานแห่งชาติ ที่ประกาศในราชกิจจานุบกษา 133 แห่ง" [National Park Area Information published in the 133 Government Gazettes]. Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation (in Thai). December 2020. Retrieved 1 November 2022.
  6. ^ "ข้อมูลพื้นที่อุทยานแห่งชาติ (เตรียมการ) 22 แห่ง" [Information of 22 National Parks Areas (Preparation)]. Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation (in Thai). December 2020. Retrieved 1 November 2022.
  7. ^ Martin, J. E.; Lauprasert, K.; Buffetaut, E.; Liard, R.; Suteethorn, V. (2013). Angielczyk, Kenneth (ed.). "A large pholidosaurid in the Phu Kradung Formation of north-eastern Thailand". Palaeontology. 57 (4): 757–769. doi:10.1111/pala.12086. S2CID 128482290.
  8. ^ Mayurī Ngaosīvat; Pheuiphanh Ngaosyvathn (1998). "I. The Fabric of History. 1. Lao And Thai Contemporaries Of The Drama Speak Out". Paths to conflagration: fifty years of diplomacy and warfare in Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam, 1778-1828. Cornell University: Southeast Asia Program. ISBN 0877277230. Retrieved 24 June 2013. Born to Siribunyasan (r. 1760–1779), the last independent king of Vientiane, and a princess from the principality of Nong Bua Lam Phu, Chao Anou eventually presided as monarch over both sides of the Mekong River
  9. ^ "At least 36 dead including children after mass shooting at day care centre in Thailand". Sky News. 6 October 2022. Retrieved 6 October 2022.
  10. ^ "Over 90% of people's woes solved, PM claims". Bangkok Post. 23 March 2018. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  11. ^ Sunsuk, Donlawat (29 July 2016). "Sugarcane boom in Nong Bua Lamphu, a bitter pill for public health experts". The Isaan Record. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  12. ^ "Number of local government organizations by province". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 26 November 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019. 70 Nong Bua Lamphu: 1 PAO, 1 Town mun., 23 Subdistrict mun., 43 SAO.

External links

  • Province page from the Tourist Authority of Thailand
  • Website of province Archived 12 May 2005 at the Wayback Machine (Thai only)
  • Nong Bua Lam Phu provincial map, coat of arms and postal stamp

Coordinates: 17°10′N 102°23′E / 17.167°N 102.383°E / 17.167; 102.383

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