Nir Am

Nir Am
ניר עם
Nir Am in 1950
Nir Am in 1950
Etymology: Nation Meadow
Nir Am is located in Northwest Negev region of Israel
Nir Am
Nir Am
Nir Am is located in Israel
Nir Am
Nir Am
Coordinates: 31°31′10″N 34°34′51″E / 31.51944°N 34.58083°E / 31.51944; 34.58083Coordinates: 31°31′10″N 34°34′51″E / 31.51944°N 34.58083°E / 31.51944; 34.58083
Country Israel
DistrictSouthern
CouncilSha'ar HaNegev
AffiliationKibbutz Movement
Founded19 August 1943
Founded byBessarabian Gordonia Members
Area
20,000 dunams (20 km2 or 8 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)[1]
611
 • Density31/km2 (79/sq mi)
Websitewww.nir-am.org.il

Nir Am (Hebrew: נִירְעָם, ניר עם, lit. Nation Meadow) is a kibbutz in southern Israel. Located near Sderot and covering 20,000 dunams, it falls under the jurisdiction of Sha'ar HaNegev Regional Council. In 2019 it had a population of 611.[1]

History

The village was established on 19 August 1943 by immigrants from Bessarabia who were members of the Gordonia youth movement, including Zvi Guershoni, later a member of the Knesset. Over the years the kibbutz has also absorbed immigrants from Argentina, France and South Africa. During the 1948 war it was the headquarters of the Negev Brigade.[2] In a report written in March 1948 by Yaakov Riftin investigating abuses in Haganah and Palmach units, it emerged that an Arab was seized, tortured and killed. [3]

Economy, culture and landmarks

Museum of Water and Security in the Negev
Nir Am Reservoir, with the town of Beit Hanun in the Gaza Strip in the background

An innovative work area was created in Kibbutz Nir Am (Incubator),[4] Offices and workplaces for rent to start-ups, small companies in high-tech activities).

The "Museum of Water and Security in the Negev" is located at Nir Am, next to Mekorot's Nir Am Reservoir.

The Assaf Siboni Scenic Lookout and memorial, at a vantage point near the Nir Am Reservoir, offers excellent views of the Gaza Strip and especially of Jabalia.[5]

Notable people

  • Zvi Guershoni (co-founder, 1943)
  • Baruch Kamin (1914–1988), Israeli politician, member of the Knesset for Mapai (1953–55)
  • Adam Neumann (born 1979), Israeli-American businessman, co-founder of WeWork

References

  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. ^ "דף הבית".
  3. ^ Ofer Aderet, 'Why Is Israel Still Covering Up Extrajudicial Executions Committed by a Jewish Militia in '48?,' Haaretz 7 July 2018.
  4. ^ "Innovation Center".
  5. ^ Assaf Siboni Scenic Lookout at KKL-JNF website. Accessed Sep 2021.

External links

  • Kibbutz website (in Hebrew)
  • Nir Am Negev Information Centre
  • SouthUp innovation-center for the Gaza envelope and Israel's "periphery" (disadvantaged regions, mostly near the borders); offices in Sha'ar Hanegev and Nir Am
  • Wikimedia photos from the Museum of Water and Security in the Negev
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