Netivot

Netivot
נְתִיבוֹת
نتيڤوت
PikiWiki Israel 44401 Aerial photo of Netivot.jpg
Official logo of Netivot
Netivot is located in Northern Negev region of Israel
Netivot
Netivot
Netivot is located in Israel
Netivot
Netivot
Coordinates: 31°25′N 34°35′E / 31.417°N 34.583°E / 31.417; 34.583Coordinates: 31°25′N 34°35′E / 31.417°N 34.583°E / 31.417; 34.583
Country Israel
DistrictSouthern
Founded1956
City Status1996
Government
 • MayorYehiel Zohar
Area
 • Total5,626 dunams (5.626 km2 or 2.172 sq mi)
Population
 (2022)[1]
 • Total43,732
 • Density7,800/km2 (20,000/sq mi)
Name meaningPaths

Netivot (Hebrew: נְתִיבוֹת, "paths", Arabic: نتيڤوت) is a city in the Southern District of Israel located between Beersheba and Gaza. In 2019, it had a population of 37,542.[1]

History

Netivot in the early days

Netivot was founded in 1956 [1] and named after the bible: "All her paths are peace." (Proverbs 3:17)[2] Initially a ma'abara, it was later transformed into a development town. The first residents were immigrants from Morocco and Tunisia. In the 1990s, they were joined by immigrants from Russia and Ethiopia. For many years, Netivot suffered from high unemployment.[3] Since 2008, Netivot has been the target of Grad missile attacks from Gaza. In 2012, a rocket exploded near a school in the city.[4]

A major landmark is the tomb of the Baba Sali (1889–1984), a Moroccan-born kabbalist who is buried there.[5]

Demographics

Ethiopian cultural center in Netivot

In 2001, the ethnic make-up of the city was 99.9% Jewish, with no significant Arab population, and the population was evenly divided between males and females. The city ranked relatively low in the socio-economic index (3 out of 10).[6] In the wake of Operation Solomon, Netivot absorbed a large number of Ethiopian Jewish immigrants.[7]

By the end of 2009, Netivot had a population of 26,700.[8]

Education

According to the Central Bureau of Statistics, there were 22 schools and 4,243 students in the city: 16 elementary schools with 3,053 students, and 11 high schools with 1,190 students. 43.1% of 12th grade students were entitled to a Bagrut matriculation certificate in 2001. Netivot schools have been chosen for a special pilot project in which elementary school children build their own mini-robots.

In 2009, a high school student from Netivot won first prize in the First Step to Nobel Prize in Physics competition.[9]

In 2011, Netivot hosted a robotics festival sponsored by the international organization FIRST - For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology.[10] First, second, and third graders at the Noam Eliyahu religious school in Netivot spend eight hours a week studying science and robotics at Lehava, the municipal science center.[11]

The Mandel Center for Leadership in the Negev (MCLN) runs a two-year community-based leadership program in Netivot.[12]

Transportation

Netivot is accessible by Highway 34, Highway 25 and Route 232.

The Ashkelon–Beersheba railway, a new railway line which connected Netivot with Tel Aviv and Beersheba, was inaugurated in February 2015. The Netivot railway station located on the western outskirts of the city, was opened on February 15, 2015.[13] A bus terminal is located adjacent to the station.

Local culture

Netivot is known for being the home of Jewish mystics and as a popular pilgrimage site. The growth of mysticism and sacred sites in Netivot led to it being dubbed the "Varanasi of Israel". The most prominent rabbis in Netivot include Baruch Abuhateizra, Yaakov Israel Ifergan and Yoram Abergel.[14] On the anniversary of the Baba Sali's death, thousands of pilgrims come to Netivot to visit his tomb.[15]

Eleven local newspapers are published in the city.[16]

Three successful nightclubs have opened in Netivot which also draw clientele from out of town, attracting young people from Ashkelon, Beersheba, Omer, Lehavim, Ofakim, and Sderot.[17]

Future development

Architecture in Netivot

Two additional neighborhoods with a total of 3,600 new housing units are planned for Netivot. They are expected to double the city's population.[18] Two large supermarkets are also planned for the city, in addition to the seven already built there.[19]

Industry

There are 24 plants and factories located in a nearby industrial park, mostly in food processing, metals, plastics, and construction sectors.[20] There are an additional 15 factories located in the city in some of the same sectors as above, and also chemical and mineral sectors.[21]

References

  1. ^ a b c "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. ^ Bitan, Hanna: 1948-1998: Fifty Years of 'Hityashvut': Atlas of Names of Settlements in Israel, Jerusalem 1999, Carta, p.51, ISBN 965-220-423-4 (in Hebrew)
  3. ^ Greenberg, Joel. "Netivot Journal; In Spirit of Atonement, an Apology to Sephardim". The New York Times. Retrieved April 17, 2019.
  4. ^ Lappin, Yaakov (March 16, 2012). "Rocket explodes near school in Netivot". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved April 17, 2019.
  5. ^ "Negev town of Netivot transforms into South's nightlife hotspot". Haaretz. 2008-10-17. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  6. ^ "Local Councils and Municipalities, by Economic-Socio Index, Ranking and Cluster Membership" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 October 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2021.
  7. ^ Netivot commemorates 20 years to Operation Solomon Archived 2013-10-03 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Ronen, Gil (April 4, 2013). "Bennett – We Don't Bow Our Heads before Turks". Arutz Sheva. Retrieved April 17, 2019.
  9. ^ "Kiryat Gat Teen Wins First Prize in International Physics Competition". Haaretz. 20 September 2012.
  10. ^ "Robots Enliven Negev Desert Community". Haaretz. 15 November 2018.
  11. ^ "Robots Enliven Negev Desert Community". Haaretz. 15 November 2018.
  12. ^ Tomorrow’s Leaders of Today’s Negev Archived 2013-01-23 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ "מיום ראשון הקרוב - מסילת הרכבת מתחברת לעיר נתיבות" [From Sunday - A railway line will connect to Netivot]. Calcalist (in Hebrew). 2015-02-12. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  14. ^ The Making of Saints: Contesting Sacred Ground. James F Hopgood (ed.) p.38
  15. ^ "Baba Sali". Go Israel. Archived from the original on 25 December 2011. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  16. ^ Yagna, Yanir (June 1, 2012). "In Israeli Desert Town, Print Newspapers Are All the Rage". Haaretz. Retrieved April 17, 2019.
  17. ^ "Negev Town of Netivot Transforms Into South's Nightlife Hotspot". Haaretz. October 16, 2008. Retrieved April 17, 2019.
  18. ^ Tsion, Hila (September 8, 2012). "South gets 4,100 new housing units". YNet News. Retrieved April 17, 2019.
  19. ^ Yagna, Yanir (2012-08-17). "Supersized supermarkets invade tiny Israeli desert town of Netivot Israel News". Haaretz. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
  20. ^ "תעשיות הפארק" (in Hebrew). פארק תעשיות בע"מ. Archived from the original on 9 September 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2021.
  21. ^ "תעשייה ופיתוח בנתיבות" (in Hebrew). עיריית נתיבות. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 13 August 2021.

External links

  • Netivot profile, Nefesh B'nefesh
  • Official website (in Hebrew)

Media related to Netivot at Wikimedia Commons

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