List of national animals



This is a list of countries that have officially designated one or more animals as their national animals.

National animal

Country Name of animal Scientific name
(Latin name)
Picture Ref.
 Algeria Fennec fox (national animal) Vulpes zerda Fennec Foxes.jpg [1]
 Argentina Rufous hornero (national bird) Furnarius rufus Flickr - Dario Sanches - JOÃO-DE-BARRO (Furnarius rufus) (3).jpg [2]
 Antigua and Barbuda European fallow deer (national animal) Dama dama Fallow deer in field.jpg [3]
Frigate (national bird) Fregata magnificens Fregata magnificens1.jpg [3]
Hawksbill turtle (national sea creature) Eretmochelys imbricata Hawksbill Turtle.jpg [3]
 Azerbaijan Karabakh horse (national horse) Equus caballus Qarabaq ati.jpg [4]
 Bahamas Blue marlin (national fish) Makaira nigricans Atlantic blue marlin.jpg [5]
Flamingo (national bird) Phoenicopterus ruber American flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber).JPG [5]
 Bangladesh Bengal tiger (national animal) Panthera tigris tigris Panthera tigris tigris.jpg [6]
Magpie robin (national bird) Copsychus saularis Magpie robin.jpg [6]
Ilish (national fish) Tenualosa ilisha Ilish.JPG [6]
 Belize Baird's tapir (national animal) Tapirus bairdii Central American Tapir-Belize20.jpg [7]
Keel-billed toucan (national bird) Ramphastos sulfuratus Ramphastos sulfuratus -Belize Zoo-6a-2c.jpg [8]
 Botswana Plains zebra (national animal) Equus quagga Equus quagga burchellii - Etosha, 2014.jpg [9]
 Brazil Rufous-bellied thrush (national bird) Turdus rufiventris Turdus-rufiventris.jpg [10]
 Cambodia Kouprey (national mammal) Bos sauveli Saen Monourom Mondul Kiri Cambodia crop.jpg [11][better source needed]
Giant ibis (national bird) Pseudibis gigantea ThaumantibisGiganteaGronvold.jpg [11][better source needed]
Northern river terrapin (national reptile) Batagur baska Batagur baska.jpg [11][better source needed]
Giant barb (national fish) Catlocarpio siamensis Giant Barb.jpg [11][better source needed]
 Canada North American beaver (national animal) Castor canadensis American Beaver.jpg [12][13]
Canadian horse (national horse) Equus caballus Cheval canadien au trot 3372.jpg [13]
 Costa Rica Yigüirro (national bird) Turdus grayi Turdus grayi Garita, Alajuela Costa Rica-10.jpg [14]
West Indian manatee (national aquatic animal) Trichechus manatus Manatee with calf.PD - colour corrected.jpg [14]
Three-toed sloth
Two-toed sloth
Choloepus hoffmanni
Bradypus variegatus
Bicho-preguiça 3.jpg [15]
 Cuba Cuban trogon (national bird) Priotelus temnurus Priotelus temnurus -Camaguey, Camaguey Province, Cuba-8.jpg [16]
 Denmark Red squirrel (national mammal) Sciurus vulgaris Red Squirrel 1c.jpg [17]
Mute swan (national bird) Cygnus olor Cygnus olor 2 (Marek Szczepanek).jpg [17]
Small tortoiseshell (national butterfly) Aglais urticae Aglais urticae LC0310.jpg [17]
 Dominican Republic Palmchat (national bird) Dulus dominicus Dulus dominicus.JPG [18]
 El Salvador Turquoise-browed motmot (national bird) Eumomota superciliosa Motmot1.jpg [19]
 Finland Brown bear Ursus arctos 2010-kodiak-bear-1.jpg [20]
Whooper Swan (national bird) Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Singschwan.jpg [20]
European perch (national fish) Perca fluviatilis Perca fluviatilis2.jpg [20]
Seven-spot ladybird (national insect) Coccinella septempunctata 7-Spotted-Ladybug-Coccinella-septempunctata-sq1.jpg [20]
 Guatemala Resplendent quetzal (national bird) Pharomachrus mocinno Pharomachrus mocinno Monteverde 05.jpg [21]
 Honduras White-tailed deer (national animal) Odocoileus virginianus White-tailed deer.jpg [22]
Scarlet macaw (national bird) Ara macao Ara macao - two at Lowry Park Zoo.jpg [23]
 India Tiger (national animal) Panthera tigris Panthera tigris tigris.jpg [24]
Indian peafowl (national bird) Pavo cristatus Carnavalesco.jpg [25]
Ganges river dolphin (national aquatic animal) Platanista gangetica Platanista gangetica noaa.jpg [26]
Indian elephant (national heritage animal) Elephas maximus indicus IndianElephant.jpg [27]
 Jamaica Red-billed streamertail (national bird) Trochilus polytmus Red-billed Streamertail 2506104129.jpg [28]
 Latvia White wagtail (national bird) Motacilla alba White-Wagtail.jpg [23]
Two-spotted ladybird (national insect) Adalia bipunctata Coccinellidae - Adalia bipunctata.JPG [23]
 Lebanon Striped hyena (national animal) Hyaena hyaena Striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena) - cropped.jpg [29]
 Lithuania White stork (national bird) Ciconia ciconia White stork (Ciconia ciconia) standing.jpg [30]
 Mongolia Saker falcon (national bird) Falco cherrug Falco cherrug (Marek Szczepanek).jpg [31][better source needed]
[32][better source needed]
   Nepal Cow (national animal) Hindu Cow Nepalensis Cow.jpg [33]
 Nicaragua Turquoise-browed motmot (national bird) Eumomota superciliosa Turquoise-browed Motmot (16423222357).jpg [34]
 Pakistan Markhor (national animal) Capra falconeri Markhor Schraubenziege Capra falconeri Zoo Augsburg-02.jpg [35]
Indus river dolphin (national aquatic mammal) Platanista minor A-Platanista-gangetica-showing-the-body-shape-and-especially-the-head-with-a-long-beak.png [35]
Chukar (national bird) Alectoris chukar Alectoris-chukar-001.jpg [35]
Mugger crocodile (national reptile) Crocodylus palustris PK Kirthar NP asv2020-02 img25.jpg [35]
Shaheen falcon (heritage bird) Falco peregrinus peregrinator جير شاهين.jpg [36]
Snow leopard (national predator) Panthera uncia Snow Leopard 1 (4693059450).jpg [35]
 Panama Harpy eagle (national bird) Harpia harpyja Harpia harpyja 001 800.jpg [37]
 Peru Andean cock-of-the-rock (national bird) Rupicola peruviana Rupicola peruviana (male) -San Diego Zoo-8a.jpg [38]
 Philippines Philippine eagle (national bird) Pithecophaga jefferyi Sir Arny(Philippine Eagle).jpg [39]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent amazon (national bird) Amazona guildingii Amazona guildingii -Botanical Gardens -Kingstown -Saint Vincent-8a-4c.jpg [40]
 South Africa Springbok (national animal) Antidorcas marsupialis Springbok.JPG [41]
Blue crane (national bird) Anthropoides paradiseus Anthropoides paradiseus -Etosha National Park, Namibia-8.jpg [42]
Galjoen (national fish) Dichistius capensis Dichistius capensis.JPG [43]
 Sri Lanka Sri Lankan junglefowl (national bird) Gallus lafayettii Thimindu 2009 09 04 Yala Sri Lanka Junglefowl 1.JPG [44]
 Tanzania Giraffe (national animal) Giraffa sp. Giraffe Mikumi National Park.jpg [45][46][47]
 Thailand Asian elephant (national animal) Elephas maximus Elephas maximus (Bandipur).jpg [48]
Siamese fighting fish (national aquatic animal) Betta splendens Male Betta -34245661920.jpg [49][50]
 Qatar Arabian oryx (national animal) Oryx leucoryx Arabian oryx (oryx leucoryx).jpg [51]
 Uganda Grey crowned crane (national bird) Balearica regulorum Balearica regulorum 001.jpg [52]
 United States Bald eagle (national bird) Haliaeetus leucocephalus Haliaeetus leucocephalus.jpeg [53]
American bison (national mammal) Bison bison American bison k5680-1.jpg [54]
 Venezuela Venezuelan troupial (national bird) Icterus icterus Curacao-Icterus-Icterus-2013.JPG [55][56]

See also

References

  1. ^ "The Fennec Fox: Algeria's National Animal". algeria.com. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  2. ^ "Furnarius rufus - Rufous Hornero".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ a b c Government of Antigua and Barbuda. "Official Website for the Government of Antigua and Barbuda". ab.gov.ag. Retrieved 10 October 2020.
  4. ^ "Qarabağ atı". 17 November 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ a b Government of The Bahamas. "Official Website for the Government of The Bahamas". bahamas.gov.bs. Retrieved 10 October 2020.
  6. ^ a b c "NATIONAL SYMBOLS". Bangladesh Tourism Board. Bangladesh: Ministry of Civil Aviation & Tourism. Archived from the original on 28 December 2016. Retrieved 30 June 2015.
  7. ^ "National Symbols – Government of Belize Press Office". Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  8. ^ "The National Symbols". Government of Belize. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  9. ^ "National Symbols – EMBASSY AND PERMANENT MISSION OF BOTSWANA IN SWITZERLAND". Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  10. ^ "Embassy of Brazil in Washington". Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  11. ^ a b c d "Forestry.gov.kh" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 June 2007. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
  12. ^ "National Emblems: The Beaver". Canadian Heritage. 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2011.
  13. ^ a b "Official Symbols of Canada". Canadian Heritage. 2016. Archived from the original on 24 June 2016. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  14. ^ a b "Presidencia de la República de Costa Rica". Presidencia de la República de Costa Rica (in Spanish). Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  15. ^ lectura, Comunicados··3 Minutos de. "¡Perezoso es oficialmente símbolo nacional!". Presidencia de la República de Costa Rica (in Spanish). Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  16. ^ AMPP YAGUAJAY COMMUNICATOR. "El Tocororo, Ave Nacional de Cuba, the most beautiful in the country". Portal del ciudadano de Yaguajay.
  17. ^ a b c "Nationalplanter og -dyr" [Nationalplants and -animals] (in Danish). Naturstyrelsen, Danish Ministry of the Environment. Archived from the original on 28 December 2019. Retrieved 28 December 2019.
  18. ^ "Flora y Fauna". GoDominicanRepublic.com (in European Spanish). Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  19. ^ "Decreto Legislativo No 735 del 21 de octubre de 1999" (PDF). Diario Oficial (in Spanish). San Salvador: Imprenta Nacional de El Salvador. 345 (216): 6. 19 November 1999. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  20. ^ a b c d "Iconic Finnish nature symbols stand out". thisisFINLAND. 25 August 2014. Retrieved 27 January 2023.
  21. ^ "05 de septiembre, Día del Quetzal, Ave Nacional". CONAP (in Spanish). 4 September 2020. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  22. ^ "MiAmbiente+ participa en la 6ta Liberación de Guacamayas en Valle de Copán".
  23. ^ a b c "Symbols". Latvia.eu. 2016. Archived from the original on 7 October 2017. Retrieved 12 April 2016.
  24. ^ "National Animal -National Symbols - Know India: National Portal of India". National Portal of India. Archived from the original on 22 January 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  25. ^ "National Bird -National Symbols - Know India: National Portal of India". National Portal of India. Archived from the original on 15 January 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  26. ^ "National Aquatic Animal -National Symbols - Know India: National Portal of India". National Portal of India. Archived from the original on 22 January 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  27. ^ "Elephant declared National Heritage Animal in India". Breaking News Online (India). 2010. Archived from the original on 25 August 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
  28. ^ "National Symbols of Jamaica". jis.gov.jm. Archived from the original on 19 June 2006. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
  29. ^ Sullivan, Helen; Sanchez, Diego Ibarra (30 October 2019). "Fear and Sport Imperil Lebanon's Striped Hyenas". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 31 January 2023.
  30. ^ https://vstt.lrv.lt/en/news/the-number-of-storks-is-not-decreasing-in-the-zuvintas-biosphere-reserve
  31. ^ "Mongolia names falcon as national bird". wwf.panda.org. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  32. ^ "Saker Falcon, A National Bird of Mongolia". Birds Mongolia (in Mongolian). Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  33. ^ "Ley No. 795 que declara al guardabarranco, ave nacional de Nicaragua". Diario Oficial (in Spanish). Managua: La Gaceta (118). 25 June 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  34. ^ "Ley No. 795 que declara al guardabarranco, ave nacional de Nicaragua". Diario Oficial (in Spanish). Managua: La Gaceta (118). 25 June 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  35. ^ a b c d e "National Symbols of Pakistan". Government of Pakistan. Archived from the original on 28 November 2016. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  36. ^ "National Symbols of Pakistan". Government of Pakistan. Archived from the original on 27 August 2013. Retrieved 23 August 2013.
  37. ^ Prensa. "Panamá posee la población más grande de Águilas Harpías de Centroamérica – MiAmbiente" (in Spanish). Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  38. ^ "Servicio Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas por el Estado - SERNANP". old.sernanp.gob.pe. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  39. ^ "Proclamation No. 615, s. 1995". gov.ph. Retrieved 12 August 2012.
  40. ^ "The National Bird". foreign.gov.vc. Archived from the original on 15 May 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  41. ^ "National animal | South African Government". www.gov.za. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  42. ^ "National bird | South African Government". www.gov.za. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  43. ^ "National fish | South African Government". www.gov.za. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  44. ^ "Sri Lanka National Bird". Government of Sri Lanka Official Web Portal. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012.
  45. ^ "National Symbols: National Animal". tanzania.go.tz. Tanzania Government Portal. Archived from the original on 18 January 2015. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
  46. ^ Foley, Charles; Foley, Lara; Lobora, Alex; De Luca, Daniela; Msuha, Maurus; Davenport, Tim R.B.; Durant, Sarah M. (8 June 2014). A Field Guide to the Larger Mammals of Tanzania. Princeton University Press. pp. 179–. ISBN 978-1-4008-5280-2.
  47. ^ Knappert, Jan (1987). East Africa: Kenya, Tanzania & Uganda. New Delhi: Vikas Pub. p. 57. ISBN 978-0-7069-2822-8. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
  48. ^ "The government gazette about National symbols of Thailand" (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 118 (99D): 1. 11 December 2001.
  49. ^ Limited, Bangkok Post Public Company. "Siamese fighting fish confirmed as national aquatic animal". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  50. ^ AFP (5 February 2019). "Thailand makes Siamese fighting fish national aquatic animal". Business Standard India. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  51. ^ "Arabian Oryx". www.visitqatar.qa. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  52. ^ "National Symbols". www.gou.go.ug. Archived from the original on 9 November 2019. Retrieved 28 December 2019.
  53. ^ "The American Bald Eagle" (PDF). United States Department of Veterans Affairs.
  54. ^ "Bison Bellows: America's New National Mammal (U.S. National Park Service)". www.nps.gov. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  55. ^ "EFEMÉRIDES | el Turpial es declarado Ave Nacional en 1958". 23 May 2018.
  56. ^ "23 de Mayo: Declaración de la Orquídea y el Turpial como Símbolos Nacionales — Venezolana de Televisión". www.vtv.gob.ve. Archived from the original on 25 May 2016. Retrieved 11 January 2022.
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