National Geographic (American TV channel)
|Headquarters||Manhattan, New York City, U.S.|
|Picture format||480i (SDTV)|
|Owner||National Geographic Global Networks|
(Disney General Entertainment Content and National Geographic Partners)
|Launched||January 7, 2001|
|Former names||National Geographic Channel (2001–2016)|
National Geographic (formerly National Geographic Channel; abbreviated and trademarked as Nat Geo or Nat Geo TV) is an American pay television network and flagship channel owned by the National Geographic Global Networks unit of Disney General Entertainment Content and National Geographic Partners, a joint venture between The Walt Disney Company (73%) and the National Geographic Society (27%), with the operational management handled by Walt Disney Television.
The flagship channel airs non-fiction television programs produced by National Geographic and other production companies. Like History (which was 50% owned by Disney through A&E Networks) and Discovery Channel, the channel features documentaries with factual content involving nature, science, culture, and history, plus some reality and pseudo-scientific entertainment programming. Its primary sister network worldwide, including the United States, is Nat Geo Wild, which focuses on animal-related programming, including the popular Dog Whisperer with Cesar Millan.
As of February 2015, National Geographic is available to approximately 86,144,000 pay television households (74% of households with television) in the United States.
In the United States, the National Geographic Channel launched on January 7, 2001, as a joint venture of National Geographic Television & Film and Fox Cable Networks. National Geographic provides programming expertise and the Fox Networks Group provides its expertise on distribution, marketing, and advertising sales.
The ’90s: The Last Great Decade, a documentary series narrated by Rob Lowe, pulled in 1.10 million viewers, and was the second highest-rated July telecast in the National Geographic Channel rating history. The 2000s: A New Reality, also narrated by Lowe, premiered on July 12, 2015.
On November 14, 2016, National Geographic Channel was rebranded as simply National Geographic, dropping the "Channel" from its name.
On December 14, 2017, in a deal, The Walt Disney Company announced it would buy the majority of 21st Century Fox. Disney would assume control of Fox's controlling stake in the National Geographic partnership thereafter. Following the acquisition, National Geographic and its sister channels were folded into Walt Disney Television, with the president of the National Geographic Partners reporting directly to the Walt Disney Television chairman. Disney officially closed the deal on March 20, 2019, having then added Nat Geo into its portfolio of networks.
National Geographic Channel's TV shows, in alphabetical order:
- Access 360° World Heritage
- Air Crash Investigation
- Alaska State Troopers
- American Chainsaw
- American Colony: Meet the Hutterites
- American Genius
- American Gypsies
- American Weed
- America's Lost Treasures
- Amish: Out of Order
- Ancient Secrets
- Apocalypse 101
- Are You Tougher Than a Boy Scout?
- Banged Up Abroad
- Battleground Afghanistan
- Beast Hunter
- Bid & Destroy
- Big, Bigger, Biggest
- Big Picture with Kal Penn
- Bizarre Dinosaurs
- Borderforce USA: The Bridges
- The Boonies
- Border Wars
- Brain Games
- Building Wild
- Cesar 911
- Chasing UFOs
- Construction Zone
- Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey
- Crowd Control
- Dino Autopsy
- Dino Death Match
- Dino Death Trap
- Dinosaurs Decoded
- Dogs with Jobs
- Doomsday Castle
- Doomsday Preppers
- Drugs, Inc.
- Drain the Oceans
- Duck Quacks Don't Echo
- Eat: The Story of Food
- Europe From Above
- Expedition Wild Week
- Eyewitness War
- Family Beef
- Family Guns
- Forecast: Disaster
- Going Ape
- Hacking The System
- Hard Time
- Hell on the Highway
- Highway Thru Hell
- The Hot Zone
- Inside the American Mob
- Inside Combat Rescue
- Inside: Secret America
- Inside: Thirumala Tirupathi
- Kentucky Justice
- Lawless Oceans
- The Legend of Mick Dodge
- Let it Ride
- Life After Dinosaurs
- Life Below Zero
- Life Hacker
- The Link
- Live Free or Die
- Locked Up Abroad
- Lords of War
- Mountain Movers
- The Numbers Game
- Origins: The Journey of Humankind
- One World: Together at Home
- One Strange Rock
- Polygamy, USA
- Port Protection
- Race to the Center of the Earth
- Remote Survival
- Richard Hammond's Engineering Connections
- Rocket City Rednecks
- Scam City
- Science of Stupid
- Seconds From Disaster
- Sky Monsters
- Snake Salvation
- Southern Justice
- Street Genius
- The Story of God with Morgan Freeman
- The Story of Us with Morgan Freeman
- To Catch a Smuggler
- The '80s: The Decade that Made Us
- The '90s: The Last Great Decade?
(also entitled The '90s: The Decade that Connected Us)
- The 2000s: The Decade We Saw It All
- The Truth Behind
- T-Rex Autopsy
- T-Rex Walks
- Ultimate Airport Dubai
- Ultimate Dino Survivor
- Ultimate Factories
- Ultimate Survival Alaska
- When Crocs Ate Dinosaurs
- Wicked Tuna
- Wicked Tuna: Outer Banks
- Wild Amazon
- Wild Justice
- Wild Russia
- Witness: Disaster
- WW2 Hell Under the sea
- You Can't Lick Your Elbow
- Yukon Gold
- Yukon River Run
Theme fanfare music
The National Geographic Channel's signature theme fanfare music, which is played at the beginning of many of the channel's television programs, was composed by Elmer Bernstein. It was originally written in 1964 for the Society's television specials, which were broadcast on CBS, ABC, PBS and NBC from 1964 until the early 2000s.
Other National Geographic US channels
National Geographic HD
Nat Geo Wild
Nat Geo Wild (stylized as Nat Geo WILD or abbreviated as NGW) is a cable/satellite TV channel focused on animal-related programs. It is a sister network to National Geographic Channel and it is the latest channel to be jointly launched by the National Geographic Society and Fox Cable Networks. It was launched in United States on March 29, 2010, focusing primarily on wildlife and natural history programming.
Nat Geo Mundo
|Picture format||480i (SDTV)|
|Owner||National Geographic Society|
Nat Geo Mundo is broadcast in American Spanish, and was launched in 2011. It shares programming with the Nat Geo Channel available in Hispanic American countries. The channel is fully-owned by the National Geographic Society with no involvement from Disney General Entertainment Content.
Nat Geo TV
Nat Geo TV is an application for smartphones and tablet computers, along with Windows 10. It allows subscribers of participating pay television providers (such as Time Warner Cable and Comcast Xfinity) numerous viewing options:
- individual episodes of National Geographic and Nat Geo Wild's original series and documentaries (which are made available live)
Controversy and criticism
In 2013, the network began airing the reality show Are You Tougher Than a Boy Scout?. National Geographic Channel was criticized for their association with the Boy Scouts of America, an organization which, until a vote in May of that year that overturned its ban, had forbidden openly gay members.
Archaeologists have protested that National Geographic shows such as Diggers and Nazi War Diggers promote the looting and destruction of archaeological sites by promoting the work of metal detecting souvenir hunters and collectable dealers. In 2013 the National Geographic Channel set off a firestorm of controversy with its reality show Diggers. Professional archaeologists from the Society for Historical Archaeology, the largest scholarly group concerned with the archaeology of the modern world (A.D. 1400–present), roundly criticized the network for promoting the theft of cultural materials on public and private land. The show Nazi War Diggers was accused of showing unscientific and disrespectful handling of human remains. A promotional quote from a military relic dealer, "I feel that by selling things that are Nazi-related and for lots of money, I am preserving things that museums don't want to deal with," was removed from the channel's website in March 2014. National Geographic expressed regret for how the series was presented by its own website but maintained that many of the accusations against the series were based on misinformation. The show was repackaged, amid controversy, as Battlefield Recovery for air during 2016 on Channel 5 in the UK.
- List of documentary television channels
- List of programs broadcast by National Geographic Channel
- National Geographic Abu Dhabi
- National Geographic Channel (Asia)
- National Geographic (Australia and New Zealand)
- National Geographic (Canadian TV channel)
- National Geographic Channel (France)
- National Geographic Channel (Germany)
- National Geographic Channel (Greece)
- National Geographic Channel (India)
- National Geographic Channel (Netherlands)
- National Geographic Channel (South Korea)
- National Geographic Channel (UK and Ireland)
- National Geographic Farsi
- Nat Geo People
- Low, Elaine (November 10, 2020). "Disney Reorganizes TV and Streaming Content Units Under Peter Rice". Variety. Retrieved November 10, 2020.
- Littleton, Cynthia (March 19, 2019). "Disney Closes $71 Billion 21st Century Fox Deal". Variety. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
- Seidman, Robert (February 22, 2015). "List of how many homes each cable network is in as of February 2015". TV by the Numbers. Zap2it. Archived from the original on February 23, 2015. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
- "Doctoring the Health Channel" (PDF). Broadcasting & Cable. January 8, 2001. p. 12. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
- Gabrielle Pantera. "Nat Geo Channel The 2000s, Rob Lowe Narrates the Naughties". HollywoodDailyStar.com. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
- "The Walt Disney Company To Acquire Twenty-First Century Fox, Inc., After Spinoff Of Certain Businesses, For $52.4 Billion In Stock" (Press release). The Walt Disney Company. December 14, 2017. Archived from the original on December 14, 2017. Retrieved December 14, 2017.
- Andreeva, Nellie (October 8, 2018). "Disney Unveils Top TV Executive Structure Post Fox Acquisition: Peter Rice, Dana Walden, John Landgraf, Gary Knell Joining". Deadline. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
- "Apocalypse 101" – via www.imdb.com.
- "Building Wild" – via www.imdb.com.
- "National Geographic Launches Nat Geo Mundo, New Network For Multi-Generational And Bicultural U.S. Latinos". April 4, 2011. Archived from the original on July 1, 2011. Retrieved July 6, 2011.
- Wong, Curtis (January 24, 2013). "Boy Scout Reality Series Deemed Anti-Gay 'Marketing Ploy' By LGBT Activists". Huffington Post.
- "Two Popular TV Shows Under Fire From Archaeologists". HuffPost. March 2, 2012.
- "National Geographic's Diggers: is it better?". Society for Historical Archaeology. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
- Mashberg, Tom (March 28, 2014). "TV Series Is Criticized in Handling of Deceased" – via NYTimes.com.
- "Channel 5 accused of supporting 'grave-robbing' over TV show Battlefield Recovery". the Guardian. January 8, 2016. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
- National Geographic U.S.A.
- National Geographic Latin America
- National Geographic UK
- National Geographic Russia
- National Geographic India
- National Geographic Australia
- National Geographic Netherlands
- National Geographic Iran (in Persian)