Myōkō, Niigata

Myōkō
妙高市
Myokousan from hiutiyama 1996 6 29.jpg
Naena Falls 2.jpg
Imori Pond.jpg
Tubame spa kawara no yu 2008.jpg
Akakura Onsen Ski Area.jpg
Mount Myōkō
Naena FallsImori Pond
Tsubame OnsenAkakura_OnsenSki resort
Flag of Myōkō
Official seal of Myōkō
Location of Myōkō in Niigata
Location of Myōkō in Niigata
Myōkō is located in Japan
Myōkō
Myōkō
 
Coordinates: 37°1′30.7″N 138°15′12.7″E / 37.025194°N 138.253528°E / 37.025194; 138.253528Coordinates: 37°1′30.7″N 138°15′12.7″E / 37.025194°N 138.253528°E / 37.025194; 138.253528
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Kōshin'etsu) (Hokuriku)
PrefectureNiigata
Area
 • Total445.63 km2 (172.06 sq mi)
Population
 (November 1, 2020)
 • Total31,374
 • Density70/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Phone number0255-72-5111
Address5-1 Sakaemachi, Myoko-shi, Niigata-ken 944-8686
ClimateCfa
WebsiteOfficial website
Symbols
BirdBlue-and-white flycatcher
FlowerGlaucidium palmatum
TreeFagus crenata
Myōkō City Hall

Myōkō (妙高市, Myōkō-shi) is a city located in Niigata Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 November 2020, the city had an estimated population of 31,374 in 12,408 households, and a population density of 70 persons per km².[1] The total area are of the city was 445.63 square kilometres (172.06 sq mi). Myōkō is a member of the World Health Organization’s Alliance for Healthy Cities (AFHC).[2]

Geography

Myōkō is located in an inland region of north-central Niigata Prefecture, on the border of Nagano Prefecture. It lies in mountain surroundings near the historical entrance to the Echigo Plains. The city is surrounded by five mountains. Mount Madarao, Mount Myōkō, Mount Kurohime, Mount Togakushi and Mount Iizuna are collectively known as the Five Mountains of Northern Shinshu (北信五岳, Hokushingogaku). They make up the border of Nagano and Niigata Prefectures. Most of the city is covered with mountains and forests. As the city name implies, Mount Myōkō (2,454 metres (8,051 feet)) is in the city, much of which is within the borders of the Myōkō-Togakushi Renzan National Park. In addition to its namesake, Mount Myōkō, the city is home to two other 100 Famous Japanese Mountains, Mount Hiuchi (2,462) and Mount Takatsuma (2,353m).

Surrounding municipalities

Climate

Myōkō has a Humid climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm, wet summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Myōkō is 11.9 °C (53.4 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1,924.4 mm (75.76 in) with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 24.4 °C (75.9 °F), and lowest in January, at around 0.0 °C (32.0 °F).[3]

Climate data for Sekiyama, Myōkō (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1978−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.2
(59.4)
17.8
(64.0)
22.1
(71.8)
29.6
(85.3)
30.2
(86.4)
32.2
(90.0)
34.1
(93.4)
35.5
(95.9)
34.2
(93.6)
30.1
(86.2)
24.4
(75.9)
22.8
(73.0)
35.5
(95.9)
Average high °C (°F) 3.3
(37.9)
3.9
(39.0)
7.8
(46.0)
15.0
(59.0)
20.7
(69.3)
23.4
(74.1)
27.1
(80.8)
28.6
(83.5)
24.6
(76.3)
18.8
(65.8)
12.9
(55.2)
6.6
(43.9)
16.1
(60.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.0
(32.0)
0.3
(32.5)
3.4
(38.1)
9.8
(49.6)
15.6
(60.1)
19.3
(66.7)
23.2
(73.8)
24.4
(75.9)
20.3
(68.5)
14.5
(58.1)
8.5
(47.3)
2.9
(37.2)
11.9
(53.3)
Average low °C (°F) −2.7
(27.1)
−3.0
(26.6)
−0.3
(31.5)
5.0
(41.0)
11.0
(51.8)
15.7
(60.3)
20.1
(68.2)
21.1
(70.0)
16.9
(62.4)
10.9
(51.6)
4.9
(40.8)
−0.1
(31.8)
8.3
(46.9)
Record low °C (°F) −10.5
(13.1)
−10.0
(14.0)
−7.9
(17.8)
−5.1
(22.8)
1.1
(34.0)
7.8
(46.0)
12.5
(54.5)
12.8
(55.0)
7.0
(44.6)
1.7
(35.1)
−2.9
(26.8)
−7.1
(19.2)
−10.5
(13.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 284.2
(11.19)
178.6
(7.03)
127.8
(5.03)
74.2
(2.92)
81.4
(3.20)
118.6
(4.67)
179.9
(7.08)
150.0
(5.91)
160.8
(6.33)
151.9
(5.98)
142.5
(5.61)
256.6
(10.10)
1,924.4
(75.76)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 385
(152)
291
(115)
159
(63)
18
(7.1)
trace 0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
12
(4.7)
220
(87)
1,061
(418)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 22.4 18.2 17.6 11.6 10.8 12.4 14.9 12.5 13.0 13.0 15.2 19.7 181.3
Average snowy days (≥ 3 cm) 20.1 16.0 13.4 2.6 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0.8 11.7 64.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 58.1 76.5 110.4 163.4 192.3 131.1 122.1 161.0 114.5 119.2 102.2 71.0 1,430.5
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[4][3]

Demographics

Per Japanese census data,[5] the population of Myōkō has declined steadily over the past 60 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 49,859—    
1970 44,158−11.4%
1980 41,980−4.9%
1990 41,072−2.2%
2000 39,699−3.3%
2010 35,457−10.7%
2020 30,383−14.3%

History

The area of present-day Myōkō was part of ancient Echigo Province. During the Edo period the area was divided between the holdings of Takada Domain and tenryō territory administered directly by the Tokugawa shogunate. With the creation of the modern municipalities system on June 26, 1890, the village of Arai was created within Nakakubiki District, Niigata. Arai was raised to town status on September 9, 1892 and to city status on November 1, 1954. The city of Myōkō was created on April 1, 2005, by the merger of the city of Arai with the town of Myōkōkōgen, and the village of Myōkō (both from Nakakubiki District).

Economy

The economy of Myōkō is dependent on seasonal tourism, agriculture and forestry, and light manufacturing.

Government

Myōkō has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 18 members. Myōkō contributes one member to the Niigata Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Niigata 6th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Education

Myōkō has nine public elementary schools and three public middle schools operated by the city government, and one public high school operated by the Niigata Prefectural Board of Education. The prefecture also operates one special education school for the handicapped.

Transportation

Railway

Shinkansen jrw.svgHokuriku Shinkansen

Echigo-TOKImeki logomark.svg Echigo Tokimeki Railway - Myōkō Haneuma Line

Shinano Railway Symbolmark.svg Shinano Railway - Kita-Shinano Line

Highway

A Note: Jōetsumyōkō station is actually in Jōetsu, 1.5 km away from the border with Myōkō.

Local attractions

  • Myōkōkōgen and the former village of Myōkō are famed for their ski resorts.[6] The first of these, Akakura, was founded in the 1930s, making it one of the oldest established ski areas in the world. It is also a traditional mountain retreat of Japan's imperial family. The Myōkō Ski Area has nine main mountain resorts: Myōkō Akakura, Ikenotaira Onsen, Myōkō Suginohara (which boasts the longest ski run in Japan), Seki Onsen, Kyukamura, Myōkō Ski Park, Lotte Arai Resort, Madarao Kogen and Tangram Ski Circus.[7]
  • Myōkō Kōgen is also well known for its many local onsen (hot springs) emanating from the Jigoku-dani valley between Mts. Myōkō and Mae.[8]
  • Kannondaira-Tenjindō Kofun Group is a Kofun period National Historic Site
  • Kanzuri, a traditional fermented condiment, is made in Myōkō.
  • Samegao Castle, ruins of a Sengoku period castle and National Historic Site
  • Hida Sites, Yayoi period archaeological site and National Historic Site

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Myōkō is twinned with:

References

  1. ^ Myoko City official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. ^ Alliance for Healthy Cities official home page
  3. ^ a b 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved March 24, 2022.
  4. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved March 24, 2022.
  5. ^ Myōkō population statistics
  6. ^ Myoko Ski Resort
  7. ^ Destination Joetsu Myoko
  8. ^ Japan Onsen Guide - Niigata

External links

  • Official Website (in Japanese)
  • Travel Website (in English)
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