Museum de Fundatie

Museum de Fundatie
Zwolle, Museum de Fundatie RM41563 met de Peperbus RM41765 op de achtergrond foto4 2016-06-05 12.18.jpg
Museum de Fundatie in Zwolle in 2016
Museum de Fundatie is located in Overijssel
Museum de Fundatie
Museum location in Zwolle in the province Overijssel
LocationBlijmarkt 20, Zwolle[1]
't Nijenhuis 10, Heino/Wijhe[2]
Coordinates52°30′37″N 6°5′29″E / 52.51028°N 6.09139°E / 52.51028; 6.09139Coordinates: 52°30′37″N 6°5′29″E / 52.51028°N 6.09139°E / 52.51028; 6.09139
TypeArt museum
Collection size7,000+ objects[4]
Visitors285,000 (2016)[5]
DirectorRalph Keuning[6]
CuratorKarin van Lieverloo[6]

Museum de Fundatie (Dutch pronunciation: [myˌzeːjʏm də fʏnˈdaː(t)si]) is a museum for the visual arts in Zwolle, Netherlands. Museum de Fundatie forms part of the Hannema-de Stuers Foundation, to which Kasteel het Nijenhuis in Heino also belongs. Museum de Fundatie possesses a collection of visual arts, with works ranging from the end of the Middle Ages until the present day, collected by Dirk Hannema, former director of Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen.[7] As well as the permanent collection, Museum de Fundatie organises new, wide-ranging exhibitions every three months. Museum de Fundatie recorded a record number of 310,000 visitors in 2015.


Museum de Fundatie was founded in 1958. Its original location was Kasteel Het Nijenhuis, a 17th-century castle near the villages of Heino and Wijhe, which was the residence of museum founder Dirk Hannema.[2]

From 1991 until 2005, the Bergkerk, a former church in the city of Deventer, was the secondary location of the museum used for temporary exhibitions.[8] Since 2005, the Paleis aan de Blijmarkt, a former court building in the city of Zwolle, served as the second location of the museum.[1][9] The location in Zwolle was closed for renovation on 8 January 2012 and reopened on 31 May 2013.[10][11]


The museum's collection is divided over two locations:

Museum de Fundatie, Zwolle

Interior of Museum de Fundatie
Interior of Museum de Fundatie in Zwolle in 2014

Designed by Eduard Louis de Coninck of The Hague, this former Palace of Justice was built in the neo-classicist style between 1838 and 1841. The court building was completely revamped by architect Arne Mastenbroek during the 1980s to serve as the new office for the national planning service’s information department (RPD). Mastenbroek’s second renovation in 1994 saw the palace become a fully fledged museum. Between 1994 and 2001, the building accommodated the Museum for Naïve and Outsider Art. In 2004-2005, the former court house was renovated by architect Gunnar Daan to offer space for Museum de Fundatie. The museum was expanded in 2012-2013 with the addition of new exhibition space on the roof of the existing building. This egg-shaped extension was designed by Bierman Henket architects.

Kasteel het Nijenhuis, Heino

Kasteel het Nijenhuis
Kasteel het Nijenhuis in 2015

Built in the 14th century, Het Nijenhuis manor is situated near the village of Heino. Officially however, it lies within the municipality of Olst-Wijhe. The building belongs to the Province of Overijssel and Dirk Hannema lived here from 1958 until his death in 1984. Art collector Hannema was, among other things, the director of Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen. He left his collection to the Hannema-de Stuers Foundation and therefore to Museum De Fundatie. Het Nijenhuis was opened to the public after restoration in 2004. The sculpture garden surrounding the manor is one of the Netherlands’ larger ones. The garden displays more than ninety 20th and 21st century sculptures, featuring both nationally and internationally renowned artists.


The museum collection is originally based on the eclectic art collection of Dirk Hannema, former museum director of Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen in Rotterdam. Since 1993, the collection of the Province of Overijssel is also managed by the museum.[4]

The collection contains over 7,000 paintings, drawings, prints, sculptures, and other objects.[4] Among these works are paintings of Marc Chagall, Piet Mondrian, Isaac Israëls, Vincent van Gogh, Lucebert, Paul Citroen, Karel Appel, and Carel Willink, and sculptures by Antonio Canova and Gian Lorenzo Bernini.[12]

In 2010, the Van Gogh painting The blute-fin mill (1886) was authenticated by the Van Gogh Museum.[13][14]


Year Visitors
Zwolle Heino Total
2006[15] 30,000 (est.)
2007[15] 63,000 (est.)
2008[15] 117,000 (est.)
2009[10] 46,244 20,624 66,868
2010[10] 87,120 40,397 127,517
2011[10] 88,907 31,297 120,204
2012[10] 3,918 62,265 66,183
2013[16] 175,160 51,234 226,394
2014[17] 261,500 (est.)
2015[18] 310,000 (est.)
2016[5] 230,000 (est.) 55,000 (est.) 285,000 (est.)

In 2013, the museum had 34 employees (20.26 full-time equivalent or fte).[19] Ralph Keuning has been the museum director since 2007.[6][20] He resigned in 2022.[21]

The entrance fee for either location of the museum is € 9, the reduced price for students is € 6, and children under 17 years have free admission.[22]

In 2013, the museum had 226,394 visitors, of which 175,160 were in Zwolle and 51,234 in Heino/Wijhe.[16] In 2014 and 2015, the museum had record numbers of 261,500 and 310,000 visitors.[18][17]

The museum has agreed, in 2021, to pay a compensation for the claimants representing Mr. Richard Semmel, a German Jewish industrialist from Berlin, who fled Nazi Germany in 1933, for the 1635 painting, Bernardo Strozzi’s Christ and the Samaritan Woman at the Well. In 2013, the Dutch Restitutions Committee had previously denied the right of the claimants " on the grounds that the works are more important to the museums which house them now than they are to the heirs." causing an outcry.[23] Finally, following a critical review of the Restitutions Committee’s work that called for more “humanity, transparency and goodwill", the Museum de Fondatie decided to negotiate a compensation with Mr. Semmel's representatives.[24][25]

Museum de Fundatie is a member of the Museumvereniging (Museum Association).[26]


  1. ^ a b Zwolle, Museum de Fundatie. Retrieved on 7 July 2014.
  2. ^ a b Heino, Museum de Fundatie. Retrieved on 7 July 2014.
  3. ^ Peter van Mensch, Museums of the Netherlands, 1745–2012 Archived 2013-10-23 at the Wayback Machine, Mensch Museological Consulting. Retrieved on 7 July 2014.
  4. ^ a b c The Collection, Museum de Fundatie. Retrieved on 7 July 2014.
  5. ^ a b "285.000 bezoekers voor Fundatie in 2016" (in Dutch), Museum de Fundatie. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
  6. ^ a b c Organization, Museum de Fundatie. Retrieved on 7 July 2014.
  7. ^ "In a Netherlands Museum Director, the Nazis Found an Ally". New York Times. Retrieved 2021-06-13.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ (in Dutch) "Kostendekkende exploitatie Bergkerk kan", De Stentor, 2005. Retrieved on 7 July 2014.
  9. ^ (in Dutch) "Eigen museum voor verzamelaars", Dagblad van het Noorden, 2005. Retrieved on 7 July 2014.
  10. ^ a b c d e Jaarverslag 2012 (in Dutch), Museum de Fundatie, 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
  11. ^ (in Dutch) "Museum leeft weer na komst Beatrix Archived 2014-07-14 at the Wayback Machine", De Stentor, 2013. Retrieved on 8 July 2014.
  12. ^ Collection, Museum de Fundatie. Retrieved on 7 July 2014.
  13. ^ "Unusual Van Gogh Painting Authenticated", CBS News, 2010. Retrieved on 7 July 2014.
  14. ^ Sandra Smallenburg, "New painting by Van Gogh discovered Archived 2011-06-20 at the Wayback Machine", NRC Handelsblad, 2010. Retrieved on 12 July 2014.
  15. ^ a b c Top 55 Museumbezoek 2010 Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine (in Dutch), Nederlandse Museumvereniging. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  16. ^ a b "Teller Fundatie in 2013 geëindigd op ruim 226.000 bezoekers" (in Dutch), De Stentor, 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
  17. ^ a b Nina Schuyffel, "Alweer meer bezoekers voor musea in 2014" (in Dutch), de Volkskrant, 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
  18. ^ a b (in Dutch) "Ook 2015 weer een goed jaar voor musea", NOS, 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  19. ^ Jaarverslag 2013 (in Dutch), Museum de Fundatie, 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
  20. ^ Ralph Keuning nieuwe directeur Museum de Fundatie (in Dutch), Kunstbeeld, 2006. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
  21. ^ Ralph Keuning vertrekt bij Museum de Fundatie (in Dutch), NRC, 8 June 2022.
  22. ^ Admission fees, Museum de Fundatie. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
  23. ^ "Heirs Outraged as Dutch Panel Rejects Nazi-Era Art Claim". Bloomberg. The Dutch Restitutions Committee dismissed claims by Semmel’s heirs for three of four paintings they say he sold at auction in 1933 after fleeing Nazi Germany. Though the committee found that Semmel sold three works under duress as a result of persecution, it said in an e-mailed statement that the heirs’ interest in two “carries less weight” than the museums’.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  24. ^ "Dutch museum settles with Jewish businessman's heirs on painting sold in Nazi era, defying government panel". Archived from the original on 2021-04-19. Retrieved 2021-06-13.
  25. ^ Siegal, Nina (2020-12-07). "Dutch Panel for Looted Art Claims Must Change Course, Report Finds". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 2020-12-13. Retrieved 2021-06-13. A review commissioned by the Dutch culture minister found that the country’s art restitution panel showed too little empathy to victims of Nazi aggression and sided too often with museums
  26. ^ Museum de Fundatie (in Dutch), Museumvereniging. Retrieved 8 July 2014.

Further reading

  • Museum de Fundatie's favourites (2005) / ed. Margriet Werkman. Waanders/Museum de Fundatie, Zwolle/Heino etc. 160 p. ISBN 90-400-8990-6. Publication commemorating the opening of the Paleis a/d Blijmarkt in Zwolle on 25 June 2005 and featuring highlights from the collection

External links

  • Museum de Fundatie, official website
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