Murung Raya Regency

Murung Raya Regency
Kabupaten Murung Raya
center
Regent office of Murung Raya
Coat of arms of Murung Raya Regency
Motto: 
Tira Tangka Balang
Location within Central Kalimantan
Location within Central Kalimantan
Murung Raya Regency is located in Kalimantan
Murung Raya Regency
Murung Raya Regency
Location in Kalimantan and Indonesia
Murung Raya Regency is located in Indonesia
Murung Raya Regency
Murung Raya Regency
Murung Raya Regency (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 1°24′30″S 115°8′0″E / 1.40833°S 115.13333°E / -1.40833; 115.13333
CountryIndonesia
RegionKalimantan
ProvinceCentral Kalimantan
CapitalBeriwit
Government
 • RegentPerdie M. Yoseph
 • Vice RegentDarmaji
Area
 • Total23,700 km2 (9,200 sq mi)
Highest elevation
1,730 m (5,680 ft)
Lowest elevation
100 m (300 ft)
Population
 (mid 2021 estimate)[1]
 • Total112,445
 • Density4.7/km2 (12/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (IWST)
Area code(+62) 528
Websitekabmurungraya.go.id

Murung Raya Regency is the most northerly of the thirteen regencies (kabupaten) which comprise the province of Central Kalimantan on the island of Borneo, Indonesia. The capital of the regency is Beriwit. Prior to the 2002 reorganization, this regency was part of the North Barito Regency. The regency had a population of 96,857 inhabitants at the 2010 census[2] (an increase from 74,050 within the current area at the previous census in 2000) and 111,527 at the 2020 census;[3] the official estimate as at mid 2021 was 112,445.[4]

Administrative Districts

Murung Raya Regency consists of ten districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their areas and population totals from the 2010 census[5] and the 2020 census,[6] together with the official estimates as at mid 2021.[7] The 2020 figures are rounded to the nearest 100 people. The table also includes the locations of the district administrative centres, the number of administrative villages (rural desa and urban kelurahan) in each district, and its postal codes.

Name Area
in km2
Population
census
2010
Population
census
2020
Population
estimate
mid 2021
Administrative
centre
No. of
villages
Post
codes
Permata Intan 804 10,867 12,000 12,001 Tumbang Lahung 12 73971
Sungai Babuat 423 2,219 2,500 2,540 Tumbang Bantian 6 73970
Murung 730 29,894 39,600 40,381 Beriwit 15 73911
Laung Tuhup 1,611 18,555 20,900 20,915 Muara Laung I 26 73992
Barito Tuhup Raya 1,500 4,222 4,900 4,972 Makunjung 11 73991
Tanah Siang 1,239 12,447 13,800 13,793 Saripoi 27 73961
Tanah Siang Selatan
(South Tanah Siang)
310 4,810 5,600 5,669 Dirung Lingkin 7 73960
Sumber Barito 2,797 7,746 7,000 6,949 Tumbang Kunyi 9 73982
Seribu Riam 7,023 3,559 3,200 3,247 Muara Joloi I 7 73981
Uut Murung 7,263 2,538 2,000 1,978 Tumbang Olong I 5 73983
Totals 23,700 96,857 111,527 112,445 Beriwit 125

Geography

The regency has an area of 23,700 km2 and lies between 114°27'00 to 115°49'00 East longitude and 0°58'30 North latitude to 1°26'00 South latitude. It occupies the valleys and foothills of the southern and eastern slopes of the Müller Mountains, and rises to 1730 m at Mount Lesung on its northern border. Most of the riverine area lies at an altitude of 100 to 200 m above sea level while the foothills are mostly at an altitude of 400–500 m.

The Betikap and Sepathawung valleys, in the northwest part of the regency have been declared protected areas for orangutans.[8] The Tumbang Topus caves have been the source of discovery of a number of new species.[9]

Economy

Most of the population lives along rivers and relies on them for transportation, food, and agriculture. Aside from the predominant subsistence fishing and farming, the biggest contributors to the economy are forestry and mining. Timber, including high value trees such as Ulin (Eusideroxylon zwageri) and Meranti (genus Shorea), has been commercially extracted since the 1920s, while the mining sector, such as gold and tin mining, has developed since World War II. In the 1990s coal exploration began, and in the 2000s the Haju coal mine started to be developed.[10]

Climate

Puruk Cahu, the seat of the regency has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) with heavy to very heavy rainfall year-round.

Climate data for Puruk Cahu
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.5
(85.1)
29.8
(85.6)
30.2
(86.4)
30.4
(86.7)
30.5
(86.9)
30.2
(86.4)
30.2
(86.4)
30.5
(86.9)
30.6
(87.1)
30.6
(87.1)
30.2
(86.4)
29.9
(85.8)
30.2
(86.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.9
(78.6)
26.1
(79.0)
26.4
(79.5)
26.5
(79.7)
26.7
(80.1)
26.3
(79.3)
26.2
(79.2)
26.5
(79.7)
26.6
(79.9)
26.5
(79.7)
26.3
(79.3)
26.2
(79.2)
26.4
(79.4)
Average low °C (°F) 22.3
(72.1)
22.4
(72.3)
22.6
(72.7)
22.7
(72.9)
22.9
(73.2)
22.5
(72.5)
22.3
(72.1)
22.5
(72.5)
22.6
(72.7)
22.5
(72.5)
22.5
(72.5)
22.5
(72.5)
22.5
(72.5)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 324
(12.8)
291
(11.5)
340
(13.4)
367
(14.4)
332
(13.1)
197
(7.8)
180
(7.1)
211
(8.3)
223
(8.8)
260
(10.2)
374
(14.7)
457
(18.0)
3,556
(140.1)
Source: Climate-Data.org[11]

Notes

  1. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2022.
  2. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  3. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  4. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2022.
  5. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  6. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  7. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2022.
  8. ^ Staff (15 April 2007) "1000 Orangutans to be released into the wild" Wildlife Extra News
  9. ^ Staff (16 September 2010) "LIPI discovers four new species of whip-spiders" Antara News
  10. ^ Staff (13 September 2007) "PT Lahai Coal Investing US$68 mln in Haju Block, C Kalimantan" AsiaPulse News
  11. ^ "Climate: Puruk Cahu". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 24 November 2020.

External links

  • Official website
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