Mont Itoupé

Mont Itoupé
Sommet Tabulaire
Mont Itoupé is located in French Guiana
Mont Itoupé
Mont Itoupé
Location in French Guiana
Highest point
Elevation826 m (2,710 ft) [1]
Prominence637 m (2,090 ft) [2]
Coordinates3°01′22″N 53°05′02″W / 3.02278°N 53.08387°W / 3.02278; -53.08387Coordinates: 3°01′22″N 53°05′02″W / 3.02278°N 53.08387°W / 3.02278; -53.08387
Geography
LocationCamopi/Maripasoula, French Guiana

Mont Itoupé (also Sommet Tabulaire[3]) is a 826 metres high mountain on the border of the Camopi and Maripasoula communes in French Guiana, France. It is the second highest mountain in French Guiana after Bellevue de l'Inini.[3] The mountain is located in the Guiana Amazonian Park,[4] and is about 80 kilometres south of Saül.[5]

Overview

Mont Itoupé is a mountain covered in cloud forests.[6] Often the top of the mountain is literally covered in clouds.[3] To the west of the mountain are the Waki Plains, a vast nearly unexplored land. To the south is an Emerillon trail which links the Maroni to the Oyapock River. Even though the mountain stands in a very remote area, some trees bear witness to the Balatá harvesting of the late 19th century.[3]

There is a remarkable difference between the eastern and western slope of the mountain. The eastern slope has an open canopy with dense undergrowth, while the western side the undergrowth is less dense or even absent and contains endemic species in the canopy.[7]

More than 130 plant species have identified including the rare Chamaecostus curcumoides, and Pitcairnia sastrei. As of 2014, around twenty plant species new to science and not yet described have been discovered around the mountain.[8]

References

  1. ^ "Carte IGN classique". Géoportail (in French). Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  2. ^ "Mont Itoupe-Sommet Tabulaire, French Guiana". Peak Bagger. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d Pierre-Olivier Jay & Lise Landrin. "Itoupé: le sommet oublié de Guyane". Une Saison de Guyane (in French). Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  4. ^ "De retour sur le mont Itoupé, à la recherche des Anomaloglossus". Parc Amazonien Guyane (in French). Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  5. ^ "Infographie du Mont Itoupé". Parc Amazonien Guyane (in French). Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  6. ^ Mélanie Fichaux (2020). "Environmental determinants of leaf littwer ant community composition along an elevational gradient". Biotropica. 34: Abstracts. doi:10.1111/btp.12849. S2CID 225137692.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  7. ^ "Une mission sur le mont Itoupé". National Forests Office (in French). Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  8. ^ "Sommet Tabulaire" (PDF). DEAL de Guyane (in French). Retrieved 20 March 2021.
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