Matsumoto, Nagano

Matsumoto
松本市
From top (left to right): Matsumoto Castle, A heritage building of Kaichi School, A view of Kamikōchi, Mount Yake and Azusa creek, Nawate souvenir shopping street, A street view of Asama Spa.
From top (left to right): Matsumoto Castle, A heritage building of Kaichi School, A view of Kamikōchi, Mount Yake and Azusa creek, Nawate souvenir shopping street, A street view of Asama Spa.
Flag of Matsumoto
Official seal of Matsumoto
Location of Matsumoto in Nagano Prefecture
Location of Matsumoto
Matsumoto is located in Japan
Matsumoto
Matsumoto
 
Coordinates: 36°14′16.8″N 137°58′19.1″E / 36.238000°N 137.971972°E / 36.238000; 137.971972Coordinates: 36°14′16.8″N 137°58′19.1″E / 36.238000°N 137.971972°E / 36.238000; 137.971972
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Kōshin'etsu)
PrefectureNagano Prefecture
First official recorded4th century
City settledMay 1, 1907
Government
 • MayorYoshinao Gaun
Area
 • Total978.47 km2 (377.79 sq mi)
Population
 (March 1, 2019)
 • Total239,466
 • Density240/km2 (630/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Phone number0263-34-3000
Address3–7 Marunouchi, Matsumoto-shi, Nagano-ken 390-8620
ClimateCfa/Dfa
WebsiteOfficial website
Symbols
FlowerJapanese azalea
TreeJapanese Red Pine
Buildings near Matsumoto Station
Matsumoto City Hall

Matsumoto (松本市, Matsumoto-shi) is a city located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan.[1] Matsumoto is designated as a core city since 1 April 2021.[2] As of 1 March 2019, the city had a population of 239,466 in 105,207 households[3] and a population density of 240 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 978.47 square kilometres (377.79 sq mi).

Geography

Matsumoto is located in the Matsumoto Basin of central Nagano Prefecture surrounded by mountains and is acclaimed for its beautiful views. It is approximately 75 kilometers south of the prefectural capital at Nagano City, and 167 kilometers from central Tokyo. The 3000 meter Hida Mountains are to the west of the city, with 3190 meter Mount Hotakadake on the border of Matsumoto with Takayama, Gifu as the highest point within the city limits.

Surrounding municipalities

Climate

Matsumoto has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfa) bordering on a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfa), with hot summers and cold winters. Precipitation is quite high in summer, but the weather is somewhat drier in winter. The average annual temperature in Matsumoto is 12.2 °C (54.0 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1,045.1 mm (41.15 in) with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.1 °C (77.2 °F), and lowest in January, at around −0.3 °C (31.5 °F).[4]

Climate data for Matsumoto (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1898–present, elevation 610m)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.8
(65.8)
21.1
(70.0)
25.9
(78.6)
30.9
(87.6)
33.6
(92.5)
35.9
(96.6)
37.9
(100.2)
38.5
(101.3)
36.1
(97.0)
31.8
(89.2)
25.6
(78.1)
21.5
(70.7)
38.5
(101.3)
Average high °C (°F) 5.1
(41.2)
6.6
(43.9)
11.2
(52.2)
17.9
(64.2)
23.6
(74.5)
26.4
(79.5)
30.0
(86.0)
31.4
(88.5)
26.2
(79.2)
19.8
(67.6)
13.9
(57.0)
8.0
(46.4)
18.4
(65.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
0.6
(33.1)
4.6
(40.3)
10.8
(51.4)
16.5
(61.7)
20.2
(68.4)
24.2
(75.6)
25.1
(77.2)
20.4
(68.7)
13.9
(57.0)
7.8
(46.0)
2.5
(36.5)
12.2
(54.0)
Average low °C (°F) −4.9
(23.2)
−4.5
(23.9)
−1.0
(30.2)
4.4
(39.9)
10.4
(50.7)
15.4
(59.7)
19.8
(67.6)
20.5
(68.9)
16.2
(61.2)
9.2
(48.6)
2.6
(36.7)
−2.2
(28.0)
7.2
(45.0)
Record low °C (°F) −24.8
(−12.6)
−20.4
(−4.7)
−17.9
(−0.2)
−10.1
(13.8)
−2.7
(27.1)
2.3
(36.1)
10.2
(50.4)
8.0
(46.4)
3.0
(37.4)
−3.6
(25.5)
−8.4
(16.9)
−19.2
(−2.6)
−24.8
(−12.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 39.8
(1.57)
38.5
(1.52)
78.0
(3.07)
81.1
(3.19)
94.5
(3.72)
114.9
(4.52)
131.3
(5.17)
101.6
(4.00)
148.0
(5.83)
128.3
(5.05)
56.3
(2.22)
32.7
(1.29)
1,045.1
(41.15)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 33
(13)
22
(8.7)
12
(4.7)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
8
(3.1)
76
(30)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm) 6.0 6.1 9.0 9.1 9.1 11.3 13.0 10.3 10.6 9.2 6.5 6.6 106.9
Average snowy days 16.2 13.3 11.1 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 2.6 12.0 55.3
Average relative humidity (%) 67 64 62 58 60 69 71 70 74 75 71 69 68
Mean monthly sunshine hours 172.5 171.2 190.9 204.8 215.6 166.3 174.8 202.9 151.0 160.9 163.0 160.9 2,134.7
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[4][5]
Climate data for Nagawa, Matsumoto (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1978–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.4
(54.3)
16.5
(61.7)
21.4
(70.5)
27.5
(81.5)
30.1
(86.2)
31.5
(88.7)
33.1
(91.6)
34.4
(93.9)
31.5
(88.7)
27.5
(81.5)
21.8
(71.2)
17.3
(63.1)
34.4
(93.9)
Average high °C (°F) 1.6
(34.9)
2.9
(37.2)
7.2
(45.0)
14.2
(57.6)
19.9
(67.8)
22.8
(73.0)
26.3
(79.3)
27.5
(81.5)
22.9
(73.2)
17.1
(62.8)
11.2
(52.2)
4.7
(40.5)
14.9
(58.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.5
(25.7)
−2.9
(26.8)
1.0
(33.8)
7.0
(44.6)
12.5
(54.5)
16.3
(61.3)
20.1
(68.2)
20.7
(69.3)
16.5
(61.7)
10.2
(50.4)
4.6
(40.3)
−0.6
(30.9)
8.5
(47.3)
Average low °C (°F) −8.9
(16.0)
−9.0
(15.8)
−4.9
(23.2)
0.2
(32.4)
5.4
(41.7)
10.8
(51.4)
15.3
(59.5)
15.8
(60.4)
11.8
(53.2)
4.9
(40.8)
−0.9
(30.4)
−5.6
(21.9)
2.9
(37.2)
Record low °C (°F) −20.4
(−4.7)
−20.9
(−5.6)
−17.4
(0.7)
−13.0
(8.6)
−4.5
(23.9)
0.3
(32.5)
6.6
(43.9)
6.2
(43.2)
−1.3
(29.7)
−5.7
(21.7)
−11.6
(11.1)
−17.8
(0.0)
−20.9
(−5.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 81.4
(3.20)
92.7
(3.65)
149.9
(5.90)
151.6
(5.97)
180.2
(7.09)
221.3
(8.71)
272.0
(10.71)
162.5
(6.40)
242.6
(9.55)
188.0
(7.40)
119.7
(4.71)
84.9
(3.34)
1,946.8
(76.65)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 11.6 10.6 12.6 12.0 12.2 14.2 16.3 12.2 12.6 11.1 10.0 12.2 147.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 108.7 127.1 157.4 174.9 195.6 148.4 152.0 176.8 140.6 147.9 125.7 105.1 1,759.5
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[6][7]
Climate data for Matsumoto Airport, Matsumoto (2003–2020 normals, extremes 2003–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.5
(59.9)
19.2
(66.6)
24.5
(76.1)
29.0
(84.2)
32.2
(90.0)
33.7
(92.7)
35.2
(95.4)
36.6
(97.9)
34.7
(94.5)
28.9
(84.0)
22.6
(72.7)
20.0
(68.0)
36.6
(97.9)
Average high °C (°F) 4.0
(39.2)
5.9
(42.6)
10.5
(50.9)
16.9
(62.4)
22.6
(72.7)
25.7
(78.3)
28.7
(83.7)
30.5
(86.9)
25.6
(78.1)
19.0
(66.2)
13.1
(55.6)
7.2
(45.0)
17.5
(63.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.4
(29.5)
0.0
(32.0)
3.9
(39.0)
9.8
(49.6)
15.7
(60.3)
19.6
(67.3)
23.2
(73.8)
24.3
(75.7)
19.9
(67.8)
13.4
(56.1)
7.1
(44.8)
1.7
(35.1)
11.4
(52.6)
Average low °C (°F) −7.3
(18.9)
−6.1
(21.0)
−2.5
(27.5)
2.7
(36.9)
8.8
(47.8)
14.2
(57.6)
18.9
(66.0)
19.6
(67.3)
15.3
(59.5)
8.2
(46.8)
1.3
(34.3)
−4.0
(24.8)
5.8
(42.4)
Record low °C (°F) −17.2
(1.0)
−17.9
(−0.2)
−11.9
(10.6)
−8.8
(16.2)
−2.4
(27.7)
3.2
(37.8)
11.9
(53.4)
9.8
(49.6)
4.5
(40.1)
−3.2
(26.2)
−9.2
(15.4)
−13.7
(7.3)
−17.9
(−0.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 34.6
(1.36)
41.2
(1.62)
79.8
(3.14)
90.6
(3.57)
103.0
(4.06)
113.9
(4.48)
147.4
(5.80)
98.3
(3.87)
143.2
(5.64)
151.0
(5.94)
59.7
(2.35)
39.6
(1.56)
1,102.2
(43.39)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 4.9 5.6 7.5 9.0 8.4 10.1 12.5 9.9 9.4 8.1 5.9 5.3 96.6
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[8][9]

History

Matsumoto is located in former Shinano Province and was the provincial capital from the Heian period onwards. The area developed as the castle town of Matsumoto Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate of the Edo period. Modern Matsumoto Town was established with the creation of the municipalities system on April 1, 1889. It was raised to city status on May 1, 1907.

On February 1, 1925 Matsumoto absorbed the village of Matsumoto (from Higashichikuma District).

The city expanded further by annexing the Kanda hamlet of the village of Nakayama from Higashichikuma District on April 1, 1943, the villages of Nakayama, Shimadachi and Shimauchi (all from Higashichikuma District) on April 1, 1954, the villages of Wada, Niimura, Kanbayashi, Sasaga, Yoshikawa, Kotobuki, Okada, Iriyamabe, Satoyamabe and Imai (all from Higashichikuma District) on August 1, 1954. Kitauchida and Gakenoyu hamlets were annexed from the Minamiuchida ward of the village of Kataoka in the city of Shiojiri on April 1, 1960 and April 1, 1961. The village of Hongo (from Higashichikuma District) on May 1, 1974 and parts of Seba hamlet (the hamlet of Kukohigashi) were annexed from Shiojiri on April 1, 1982.

Between the days of June 27 and June 28, 1994, the Matsumoto Incident sarin gas attack occurred.

Matsumoto was proclaimed a special city with increased local autonomy on November 1, 2000. Matsumoto annexed the villages of Azumi, Azusagawa and Nagawa (all from Minamiazumi District), and the village of Shiga (from Higashichikuma District) on April 1, 2005. This was followed by the town of Hata (from Higashichikuma District,) on March 31, 2010. Matsumoto was proclaimed a core city with increased local autonomy on April 1, 2021.

Demographics

Per Japanese census data,[10] the population of Matsumoto has recently plateaued after a long period of growth.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1940 154,182—    
1950 183,775+19.2%
1960 190,076+3.4%
1970 203,571+7.1%
1980 223,496+9.8%
1990 233,756+4.6%
2000 243,465+4.2%
2010 243,070−0.2%
2020 241,145−0.8%

Government

Matsumoto has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 31 members. The city contributes six members to the Nagano Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, Matsumoto is grouped with Ōmachi, Azumino, Higashichikuma District, Nagano, Kitaazumi District, Nagano, Kamiminochi District, Nagano and part of the city of Nagano to form Nagano 2nd District in the lower house of the National Diet.

List of Matsumoto Mayors (since 1937)

  • Yorinaga Ori (小里頼永) July 1937 to August 1937
  • Okimasa Momose (百瀬興政) August 1937 to April 1939
  • Wataru Momose (百瀬 渡) April 1940 to April 1944
  • Morito Hirabayashi (平林盛人) May 1944 to March 1945
  • Yasushi Hirayama (平山 泰) July 1945 to March 1946
  • Ikuichi Akahane (赤羽幾一) June 1946 to December 1946
  • Naohisa Tsutsui (筒井直久) April 1947 to April 1951
  • Bunshichiro Matsuoka(松岡文七郎) April 1951 to January 1957
  • Tokuya Furuhata (降旗徳弥) March 1957 to March 1969
  • Matsumi Fukasawa (深沢松美) March 1969 to March 1976
  • Shoji Wago (和合正治) March 1976 to March 1992
  • Tadashi Aruga (有賀 正) March 1992 to March 2004
  • Akira Sugenoya (菅谷 昭) March 2004 to March 2020
  • Yoshinao Gaun (臥雲義尚) March 2020 to present

Economy

Matsumoto is a regional commercial center and noted for traditional woodworking and silk spinning, electronics and its dairy industry. Seasonal tourism to the surrounding mountains and onsen hot spring resorts is also an important source of local income.[11]

Education

Universities and colleges

Primary and secondary education

Matsumoto has 29 public elementary schools operated by the city government, one operated by the national government and one private elementary school. The city also manages 19 public middle schools, with one more middle school shared between Matsumoto and neighbouring Asahi. There is one public middle school operated by the national government and one private middle school. The city has seven public high schools operated by the Nagano Prefectural Board of Education and six private high schools. The city also has a Korean school, Nagano Korean Elementary and Junior High School (長野朝鮮初中級学校).

Transportation

Airport

Railway

Highway

Sister city relations

Domestic

International

Local attractions

Matsumoto is attractive to travellers not only because of the traditional culture but also its moderate climate and local products. Matsumoto soba is famous for its delicate taste.[12] Local attractions include:

Outside the rail station is also a statue of a little girl with a violin, remembering the Suzuki method of teaching music, created by Shinichi Suzuki who lived in the city in his later life.

Sports

Matsumoto is represented in the J. League of football with its local club, Matsumoto Yamaga FC based at the Alwin Stadium in Kambayashi.

It was one of the host cities of the official Women's Volleyball World Championship for its 1998 and 2010 editions.

Yoshinori Ueda was born here.[13]

In popular culture

  • Hakusen Nagashi [jp] – series of television dramas starting in 1996.
  • Orange – manga series written by Ichigo Takano
  • Perfect World – manga series written by Rie Aruga

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Maatsumoto" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 618; "Chūbu" at p. 126.
  2. ^ Jacobs, A. J. "Japan's Evolving Nested Municipal Hierarchy: The Race for Local Power in the 2000s", Urban Studies Research, (2011); Table 3; retrieved 20132-2-11.
  3. ^ "松本市ホームぺージ". www.city.matsumoto.nagano.jp.
  4. ^ a b 平年値(年・月ごとの値). Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 6 March 2010.
  5. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
  6. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved 28 April 2022.
  7. ^ 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved 28 April 2022.
  8. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved 28 April 2022.
  9. ^ 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved 28 April 2022.
  10. ^ "Nagano (Japan): Prefecture, Cities, Towns and Villages – Population Statistics, Charts and Map". www.citypopulation.de.
  11. ^ Campbell, Allen; Nobel, David S (1993). Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Kodansha. p. 1147. ISBN 406205938X.
  12. ^ "Matsumoto Welcomes You! – Sightseeing – Daio Wasabi Farm". Archived from the original on 8 April 2016. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
  13. ^ "Yoshinori Ueda Japanese Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved 9 August 2020.

External links

Media related to Matsumoto, Nagano at Wikimedia Commons

  • Official Website (in Japanese)
  • Matsumoto City Tourism Website (in English)
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Matsumoto,_Nagano&oldid=1121985540"