List of types of limestone

This is a list of types of limestone arranged according to location. It includes both formal stratigraphic unit names and less formal designations.


Africa

Egypt

Asia

Meleke in the Gerofit Formation (Turonian) near Makhtesh Ramon, southern Israel.

India

Camical grade Sement grade Steel grade

Israel (West Bank)

  • Meleke – limestone
  • Jerusalem stone – building stone common in and around Jerusalem

Europe

Portland Stone quarry on the Isle of Portland, Dorset.
Transgression of the Paleogene sediments over the Wetterstein Limestone of the Silicic Superunit, Western Carpathians, Slovakia.

Austria

Belgium

Croatia

France

  • Caen Stone – Limestone quarried near Caen, France
  • Lutetian limestone, or "Paris stone" (city buildings are widely faced with it)
    • Saint-Maximin – commune in Oise, France, or Oise, limestone (variety of Lutetian)
  • Pierre de Jaumont
  • Tuffeau stone – limestone rock mined in France, in the Loire Valley

Germany

Gibraltar

Ireland

  • Kilkenny marble, not a "true marble"; fossiliferous Carboniferous limestone.

Italy

  • Red Verona marble – Red Verona Marble is a variety of limestone rock which takes its name from Verona in Northern Italy., not a "true marble"; fossiliferous limestone

United Kingdom

England:

Scotland:

Wales:

  • Cymerig Limestone – Kapil rakak

North America

Quarried block of pink Tennessee "marble"
Blue Rock, a Tonoloway Limestone "fin", in West Virginia, USA.

United States

Canada

Oceania

Australia

  • Tamala Limestone – Unconsolidated to strongly lithified calcarenite with calcrete/kankar soils; aeolian. Locally quartzose, feldspathic, or heavy-mineral-bearing. Located in Western Australia

New Zealand

Generic limestone categories

Coquina from Florida.

This section is a list of generic types of limestone

  • Bituminous limestone
  • Carboniferous Limestone – Limestone deposited during the Dinantian Epoch of the Carboniferous Period
  • Coquina – Sedimentary rock that is composed mostly of fragments of shells
  • Coral rag – rubbly limestone composed of ancient coral reef material
  • Chalk – Soft, white, porous sedimentary rock made of calcium carbonate
  • Fossiliferous limestone
  • Lithographic limestone – Type of limestone with hard fine grain
  • Oolite – Sedimentary rock formed from ooids
  • Rag-stone – Work done with stones that are quarried in thin pieces
  • Shelly limestone – highly fossiliferous limestone
  • Travertine – Form of limestone deposited by mineral springs
  • Tufa – Porous limestone rock formed when carbonate minerals precipitate out of ambient temperature water

See also

External links

  • Pivko, D. (2003) Natural stones in Earth’s history. Acta Geologica Universitatis Comenianae. vol. 58, pp. 73–86.
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