List of governors of Arizona

Governor of Arizona
State Seal of Arizona.svg
Flag of Arizona.svg
= Current Arizona Governor Katie Hobbs
Incumbent
Katie Hobbs
since January 2, 2023
Government of Arizona
StyleThe Honorable
Status
ResidenceNo official residence
Term lengthFour years, renewable once consecutively[1]
Constituting instrumentArizona Constitution, article V[2]
Inaugural holderGeorge W. P. Hunt
FormationFebruary 14, 1912
DeputyNone
Salary$95,000 (2013)[3]
Websiteofficial website

The governor of Arizona is the head of government of the U.S. state of Arizona.[4] As the top elected official, the governor is the head of the executive branch of the Arizona state government and is charged with faithfully executing state laws.[4] The governor has the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Arizona State Legislature;[5] to convene the legislature;[4] and to grant pardons,[6] except in cases of impeachment. The governor is also the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.[7]

Twenty-four people have served as governor over 27 distinct terms. All of the repeat governors were in the state's earliest years, when George W. P. Hunt and Thomas Edward Campbell alternated as governor for 17 years and, after a two-year gap, Hunt served another term. One governor, Evan Mecham, was successfully impeached, and one, Fife Symington, resigned upon being convicted of a felony. The longest-serving governor was Hunt, who was elected seven times and served just under fourteen years. The longest single stint was that of Bruce Babbitt, who was elected to two four-year terms after succeeding to the office following the death of his predecessor, Wesley Bolin, serving nearly nine years total. Bolin had the shortest tenure, dying less than five months after succeeding as governor. Arizona has had five female governors, the most in the United States, and was the first—and until 2019 (when Michelle Lujan Grisham succeeded Susana Martinez in neighboring New Mexico) the only—state where female governors served consecutively.

The current governor is Democrat Katie Hobbs, who took office on January 2, 2023. Five women, including Hobbs, have served as governor, the most of any state.

Governors

Confederate Arizona

In Tucson between April 2 and April 5, 1860, a convention of settlers from the southern half of New Mexico Territory drafted a provisional constitution for "Arizona Territory", three years before the United States would create such a territory. This proposed territory consisted of the part of New Mexico Territory south of 33° 40' north. On April 2,[8] they elected a governor, Dr. Lewis S. Owings. The provisional territory was to exist until such time as an official territory was created, but that proposal was rejected by Congress at the time.[9]

On March 16, 1861, soon before the American Civil War broke out, a convention in Mesilla voted that the provisional territory should secede from the Union and join the Confederacy.[10] Dr. Lewis S. Owings remained on as the provisional governor of the territory.

The Confederacy took ownership of the territory on August 1, 1861, when forces led by Lieutenant Colonel John R. Baylor won decisive control of the territory, and Baylor proclaimed himself governor.[11] The Arizona Territory (Confederate) was formally organized on January 18, 1862.[12] On March 20, 1862, Baylor issued an order to kill all the adult Apache and take their children into slavery.[11] When Confederate President Jefferson Davis learned of this order, he strongly disapproved and demanded an explanation. Baylor wrote a letter December 29, 1862, to justify his decision, and after this was received, Davis relieved Baylor of his post and commission, calling his letter an "avowal of an infamous crime".[13] By that time, the Confederate government of Arizona Territory was in exile in San Antonio, Texas, as the territory had been effectively lost to Union forces in July 1862;[14] no new governor was appointed.

Governors of the Territory of Arizona

Arizona Territory was formed on February 24, 1863, from New Mexico Territory, remaining a territory for 49 years.[15]

Governors of the Territory of Arizona
No. Governor Term in office[a] Appointing President
John Addison Gurley.jpg John A. Gurley
(1813–1863)
Died before
taking office
[b]
Abraham Lincoln
1 John Noble Goodwin.jpg John Noble Goodwin
(1824–1887)
[20]
December 29, 1863[c]

April 10, 1866
(resigned)[d]
Abraham Lincoln
2 Richard Cunningham McCormick - Brady-Handy.jpg Richard Cunningham McCormick
(1832–1901)
[27]
July 9, 1866[e]

March 4, 1869
(resigned)[f]
Andrew Johnson
3 Anson P. K. Safford.jpg Anson P. K. Safford
(1830–1891)
[35]
July 9, 1869[g]

April 5, 1877
(term expired)[h]
Ulysses S. Grant
4 John Philo Hoyt.jpg John Philo Hoyt
(1841–1926)
[40]
May 30, 1877[i]

June 11, 1878
(resigned)[j]
Rutherford B. Hayes
5 John Charles Fremont crop.jpg John C. Frémont
(1813–1890)
[45]
October 6, 1878[k]

October 11, 1881
(resigned)[l]
Rutherford B. Hayes
6 Frederick Augustus Tritle.png Frederick Augustus Tritle
(1833–1906)
[50]
March 8, 1882[m]

October 7, 1885
(resigned)[n]
Chester A. Arthur
7 C. Meyer Zulick (Arizona Governor).jpg C. Meyer Zulick
(1839–1926)
[56]
November 2, 1885[o]

March 28, 1889
(replacement confirmed)
Grover Cleveland
8 Lewis Wolfley (Arizona Governor).jpg Lewis Wolfley
(1839–1910)
[62]
April 8, 1889[p]

August 20, 1890
(resigned)[q]
Benjamin Harrison
9 John Nichol Irwin - oval.jpg John N. Irwin
(1844–1905)
[69]
January 20, 1891[r]

April 19, 1892
(resigned)[s]
Benjamin Harrison
10 N. O. Murphy.jpg Oakes Murphy
(1849–1908)
[75]
June 2, 1892[t]

April 13, 1893
(successor took office)[u]
Benjamin Harrison
11 LC hughes.jpg L. C. Hughes
(1842–1915)
[80]
April 13, 1893[v]

April 1, 1896
(replacement appointed)[w]
Grover Cleveland
12 BJFranklin.jpg Benjamin Joseph Franklin
(1839–1898)
[85]
April 18, 1896[x]

July 22, 1897
(resigned)[y]
Grover Cleveland
13 MyronMcCord.png Myron H. McCord
(1840–1908)
[91]
July 28, 1897[z]

August 1, 1898
(resigned)[aa]
William McKinley
14 N. O. Murphy.jpg Oakes Murphy
(1849–1908)
[75]
August 1, 1898[ab]

June 30, 1902
(resigned)[ac]
William McKinley
15 Alexander Brodie.jpg Alexander Oswald Brodie
(1849–1918)
[105]
July 1, 1902[ad]

February 14, 1905
(resigned)[ae]
Theodore Roosevelt
16 Joseph Henry Kibbey-left profile.jpg Joseph Henry Kibbey
(1853–1924)
[111]
March 7, 1905[af]

May 1, 1909
(successor took office)
Theodore Roosevelt
17 Governor R E Sloan.jpg Richard Elihu Sloan
(1857–1933)
[117]
May 1, 1909[ag]

February 14, 1912
(statehood)
William Howard Taft

Governors of the State of Arizona

The state of Arizona was admitted to the Union on February 14, 1912, the last of the contiguous states to be admitted.

The state constitution of 1912 called for the election of a governor every two years.[123] The term was increased to four years by a 1968 amendment.[124][125] The constitution originally included no term limit,[126] but an amendment passed in 1992 allows governors to succeed themselves only once;[123] before this, four governors were elected more than twice in a row. Gubernatorial terms begin on the first Monday in the January following the election.[123] Governors who have served the two term limit can run again after four years out of office.

Arizona is one of seven states which does not have a lieutenant governor; instead, in the event of a vacancy in the office of governor, the secretary of state, if elected, succeeds to the office. If the secretary of state was appointed, rather than elected, or is otherwise ineligible to hold the office of governor, the first elected and eligible person in the line of succession assumes the office. The state constitution specifies the line of succession to be the Secretary of State, Attorney General, State Treasurer and Superintendent of Public Instruction, in that order.[127] If the governor is out of the state or impeached, the next elected officer in the line of succession becomes acting governor until the governor returns or is cleared.[127] In either case, any partial term counts toward the limit of two consecutive terms.

To date, the line of succession has gone beyond the secretary of state only once, when Bruce Babbitt, as attorney general, became governor upon the death of Wesley Bolin; Rose Mofford, then serving as secretary of state, had been appointed to replace Bolin after Bolin succeeded to the governorship. Bolin had become governor when Raúl Héctor Castro resigned to accept appointment as Ambassador to Argentina. Mofford later became acting governor after Evan Mecham was impeached by the House of Representatives, and succeeded to the governorship when Mecham was removed from office after his conviction by the Senate.

Governors of the State of Arizona
No.[ah] Governor Term in office Party Election
1 George WP Hunt.jpg   George W. P. Hunt
(1859–1934)
[129][130]
February 14, 1912

January 1, 1917
(lost election)[ai]
Democratic 1911
1914
2 Thomas E Campbell 2.jpg Thomas Edward Campbell
(1878–1944)
[131]
January 1, 1917

December 25, 1917
(removed from office)
Republican 1916[ai]
1 George WP Hunt.jpg George W. P. Hunt
(1859–1934)
[129][130]
December 25, 1917

January 6, 1919
(not candidate for election)
Democratic
2 Thomas E Campbell 2.jpg Thomas Edward Campbell
(1878–1944)
[131]
January 6, 1919

January 1, 1923
(lost election)
Republican 1918
1920
1 George WP Hunt.jpg George W. P. Hunt
(1859–1934)
[129][130]
January 1, 1923

January 7, 1929
(lost election)
Democratic 1922
1924
1926
3 John Calhoun Phillips (Arizona Governor).jpg John Calhoun Phillips
(1870–1943)
[135][136]
January 7, 1929

January 5, 1931
(lost election)
Republican 1928
1 George WP Hunt.jpg George W. P. Hunt
(1859–1934)
[129][130]
January 5, 1931

January 2, 1933
(not candidate for election)[aj]
Democratic 1930
4 Benjamin Baker Moeur (Arizona Governor).jpg Benjamin Baker Moeur
(1869–1937)
[138][139]
January 2, 1933

January 4, 1937
(not candidate for election)[ak]
Democratic 1932
1934
5 Rawghlie Clement Stanford.jpg Rawghlie Clement Stanford
(1879–1963)
[141][142]
January 4, 1937

January 2, 1939
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1936
6 Robert Taylor Jones.jpg Robert Taylor Jones
(1884–1958)
[143][144]
January 2, 1939

January 6, 1941
(not candidate for election)[al]
Democratic 1938
7 Sidney Preston Osborn.jpg Sidney Preston Osborn
(1884–1948)
[146][147]
January 6, 1941

May 25, 1948
(died in office)
Democratic 1940
1942
1944
1946
8 Dan E. Garvey (Arizona Governor).jpg Dan Edward Garvey
(1886–1974)
[148][149]
May 25, 1948

January 1, 1951
(not candidate for election)[am]
Democratic Succeeded from
secretary of state
1948
9 John Howard Pyle (Arizona governor).jpg John Howard Pyle
(1906–1987)
[151][152]
January 1, 1951

January 3, 1955
(lost election)
Republican 1950
1952
10 Ernest W. McFarland (AZ).png Ernest McFarland
(1894–1984)
[153][154]
January 3, 1955

January 5, 1959
(not candidate for election)[an]
Democratic 1954
1956
11 Paul Fannin.jpg Paul Fannin
(1907–2002)
[155][156]
January 5, 1959

January 4, 1965
(not candidate for election)[ao]
Republican 1958
1960
1962
12 Samuel Pearson Goddard Jr. (Arizona Governor).jpg Samuel Pearson Goddard Jr.
(1919–2006)
[157][158]
January 4, 1965

January 2, 1967
(lost election)
Democratic 1964
13 Jack Williams (Arizona politician) (cropped).jpg Jack Williams
(1909–1998)
[159][160]
January 2, 1967

January 6, 1975
(not candidate for election)[ap]
Republican 1966
1968
1970[aq]
14 Raúl Héctor Castro (AZ).png Raúl Héctor Castro
(1916–2015)
[162][163]
January 6, 1975

October 20, 1977
(resigned)[ar]
Democratic 1974
15 Wesley Bolin (Arizona governor).jpg Wesley Bolin
(1909–1978)
[164][165]
October 20, 1977

March 4, 1978
(died in office)
Democratic Succeeded from
secretary of state
16 Bruce Babbitt (AZ).png Bruce Babbitt
(b. 1938)
[166]
March 4, 1978

January 5, 1987
(not candidate for election)
Democratic Succeeded from
attorney general
[as]
1978
1982
17 Evan Mecham (Arizona governor) (1).jpg Evan Mecham
(1924–2008)
[167]
January 5, 1987

April 4, 1988
(impeached and removed)[at]
Republican 1986
18 Rose Mofford 2012.jpg Rose Mofford
(1922–2016)
[169]
April 4, 1988

March 6, 1991[au]
(not candidate for election)
Democratic Succeeded from
secretary of state
19 Fife Symington by Gage Skidmore.jpg Fife Symington
(b. 1945)
[170]
March 6, 1991[au]

September 5, 1997
(resigned)[av]
Republican 1990–1991[au]
1994
20 Jane Dee Hull by Gage Skidmore.jpg Jane Dee Hull
(1935–2020)
[173]
September 5, 1997

January 6, 2003
(term-limited)
Republican Succeeded from
secretary of state
1998
21 Portrait Napolitano hires crop.JPG Janet Napolitano
(b. 1957)
[174]
January 6, 2003

January 21, 2009
(resigned)[aw]
Democratic 2002
2006
22 Jan Brewer by Gage Skidmore 5.jpg Jan Brewer
(b. 1944)
[175]
January 21, 2009

January 5, 2015
(term-limited)[176]
Republican Succeeded from
secretary of state
2010
23 Doug Ducey by Gage Skidmore 13.jpg Doug Ducey
(b. 1964)
[177]
January 5, 2015

January 2, 2023
(term-limited)
Republican 2014
2018
24 Katie Hobbs by Gage Skidmore 3.jpg Katie Hobbs
(b. 1969)
[178]
January 2, 2023
-
Incumbent[ax]
Democratic 2022

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The range given is from the date the governor took the oath of office in Arizona, to the date the governor left office.
  2. ^ Gurley was nominated on March 7, 1863,[16] and was confirmed by the Senate on March 10, 1863,[17] but died on August 19, 1863, before he could take office.[18][19]
  3. ^ Goodwin was appointed on August 21, 1863,[21] during a Senate recess; nominated on January 7, 1864;[22] and confirmed by the Senate on February 4, 1864.[23] He established the territorial government on December 29, 1863.[24][25]
  4. ^ Goodwin resigned to take an elected seat in the United States House of Representatives; he had taken office in the House on March 4, 1865, and held both offices for a time.[20][26]
  5. ^ McCormick was nominated on March 14, 1866,[28] confirmed by the Senate on April 10, 1866,[29] and he took office in Arizona on July 9, 1866.[30][31]
  6. ^ McCormick resigned to take an elected seat in the United States House of Representatives. While he took office on March 4, 1866,[32][33] at least one contemporary report said he resigned from the governorship on March 3.[34]
  7. ^ Safford was nominated on April 3, 1869,[36] confirmed by the Senate on April 8, 1869,[37] and took office on July 9, 1869.[38]
  8. ^ While some sources say Safford resigned due to health and personal concerns,[35] President Hayes' nomination of his successor John Philo Hoyt specified, "vice A. P. K. Safford, whose term of office has expired."[39]
  9. ^ Hoyt was appointed on April 5, 1877,[41] during a Senate recess; nominated on October 17, 1877,[39] and confirmed by the Senate on October 29, 1877.[42] Despite already being in the territory when appointed, he did not take office until May 30, 1877, due to involvement as secretary of the territory in litigation over moving the territorial capital.[40][43]
  10. ^ McMullin states that Hoyt was asked to resign on June 11, 1878,[40] and this is the day Hayes nominated Hoyt to be governor of Idaho Territory, and Frémont to succeed him as governor of Arizona Territory.[44]
  11. ^ Frémont was nominated on June 11, 1878,[46] confirmed by the Senate on June 14, 1878,[47] and took office on October 6, 1878.[45][48]
  12. ^ Frémont resigned; he spent little time in the territory, and the Secretary of the Territory eventually asked him to resume his duties or resign, and he chose resignation.[49]
  13. ^ Tritle was nominated on January 27, 1882,[51] confirmed by the Senate on February 6, 1882,[52] and took office on March 8, 1882.[49][53][54]
  14. ^ Tritle resigned after Grover Cleveland was elected president, so that the Democrat could appoint a Democrat as governor.[50][55]
  15. ^ Zulick was nominated on October 15, 1885,[57] during a Senate recess; nominated on December 10, 1885;[58] and confirmed by the Senate on May 5, 1886.[59] He took office on November 2, 1885.[60][61]
  16. ^ Wolfley was nominated on March 14, 1889,[63] confirmed by the Senate on March 28, 1889,[64] and took office on April 8, 1889.[65][66]
  17. ^ Wolfley resigned due to a disagreement with the federal government on arid land policy.[62][67][68]
  18. ^ Irwin was nominated on September 29, 1890,[70] confirmed by the Senate on October 1, 1890,[71] and took office on January 20, 1891.[72]
  19. ^ Irwin resigned to handle family business out of state.[73][74]
  20. ^ Murphy was nominated on April 22, 1892,[76] and confirmed by the Senate on May 9, 1892.[77] As he was secretary of the territory, he did not take office until his successor to that office was confirmed, which occurred on June 2, 1892;[78] while no contemporary reporting of Murphy being sworn in has been found, this date is assumed to be when he took office.
  21. ^ While some sources say Murphy resigned before Hughes took office,[75] contemporary news reported that Murphy handed the office directly to Hughes on April 13, 1893.[79]
  22. ^ Hughes was nominated on April 5, 1893,[81] confirmed by the Senate on April 8, 1893,[82] and took office on April 13, 1893.[79]
  23. ^ Hughes had abolished many territorial offices, and unhappy officials successfully petitioned President Cleveland to remove him.[83][80][84]
  24. ^ Franklin was nominated on March 30, 1896,[86] confirmed by the Senate on April 8, 1896,[87] and took office on April 18, 1896.[85][88][89]
  25. ^ His successor having been sworn in out of state, and given instruction from the federal government, Franklin resigned the office and handed over duties to the secretary of the territory, Charles H. Akers.[90]
  26. ^ McCord was nominated on May 20, 1897,[92] and confirmed on July 17, 1897.[93] He was sworn in as governor in Virginia on July 21, 1897,[94] though Charles H. Akers was still acting governor of the territory until McCord arrived late on July 28, 1897.[95]
  27. ^ McCord resigned to serve in the Spanish–American War.[91][96]
  28. ^ Murphy was appointed on July 16, 1898,[97] during a Senate recess; nominated on December 8, 1898;[97] and confirmed by the Senate on December 14, 1898.[98] He took office on August 1, 1898.[99][100][101]
  29. ^ Murphy was asked by President Theodore Roosevelt to resign for opposing the Newlands Reclamation Act;[102] he submitted his resignation in April 1902 to take effect at the president's pleasure[103] and remained until his successor took office.[104]
  30. ^ Brodie was nominated on May 7, 1902,[106] confirmed on May 14, 1902,[107] and took office on July 1, 1902.[104][108]
  31. ^ Brodie resigned to accept appointment as assistant chief of the records and pension bureau at the United States Department of War.[109][110]
  32. ^ Kibbey was nominated on February 10, 1905,[112] confirmed by the Senate on February 27, 1905,[113] and took office on March 7, 1905,[111][114] for a term to expire February 27, 1909.[115] Though he was nominated for a second term on December 16, 1908,[115] the Senate did not confirm him before the end of the session.[116]
  33. ^ Sloan was nominated on April 8, 1809,[118] confirmed by the Senate on April 15, 1909,[119] and took office on May 1, 1909.[120][121][122]
  34. ^ The governor's website labeled Katie Hobbs as the 24th governor;[128] based on this, each governor is numbered only once, regardless of how many distinct terms they served. Repeat terms are listed with the governor's original number in italics.
  35. ^ a b Initial results showed that Campbell had won by 30 votes, but Hunt challenged the results, claiming that several precincts had experienced fraudulent voting.[132] The Arizona Supreme Court named Campbell governor on January 27, 1917, and forced Hunt to surrender his office.[133] Hunt continued fighting in court, and on December 22, 1917, was declared the winner of the election by 43 votes.[134] Campbell vacated the office three days later.[130]
  36. ^ Hunt lost the Democratic nomination to Benjamin Baker Moeur.[137]
  37. ^ Moeur lost the Democratic nomination to Rawghlie Clement Stanford.[138][140]
  38. ^ Jones lost the Democratic nomination to Sidney Preston Osborn.[145]
  39. ^ Garvey lost the Democratic nomination to Ana Frohmiller.[148][150]
  40. ^ McFarland instead unsuccessfully ran for United States Senate.[153]
  41. ^ Fannin instead successfully ran for United States Senate.[155]
  42. ^ Sobel says that Williams lost the 1974 election, but that was someone with a similar name, Russell Williams.[161]
  43. ^ First term under a constitutional amendment which lengthened terms to four years.[124]
  44. ^ Castro resigned to take post as United States Ambassador to Argentina.[162]
  45. ^ The secretary of state at the time of Bolin's death had been appointed, not elected, and thus not in the line of succession according to the Arizona constitution.[127] Therefore, as attorney general, Babbitt became governor.[166]
  46. ^ Mecham was impeached and removed from office on charges of obstruction of justice and misuse of government funds,[167] though he was later acquitted.[168]
  47. ^ a b c Arizona adopted runoff voting after Evan Mecham won with only 43% of the vote in 1986. The 1990 election was very close, and a runoff was held on February 26, 1991, which Symington won, and he was inaugurated on March 6, 1991.[172]
  48. ^ Symington resigned after being convicted of bank fraud; the conviction was later overturned and he was pardoned by President Bill Clinton.[170][171]
  49. ^ Napolitano resigned to be United States Secretary of Homeland Security.[174]
  50. ^ Hobbs' first term will expire January 4, 2027.

References

General
  • "Former Arizona Governors". National Governors Association. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
  • "Arizona Governors". Office of the Governor of Arizona. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  • Goff, John S. (1978). Arizona Territorial Officials Volume II: The Governors 1863–1912. Black Mountain Press. OCLC 5100411.
  • McClintock, James H. (1916). Arizona, Prehistoric, Aboriginal, Pioneer, Modern: The Nation's Youngest Commonwealth Within a Land of Ancient Culture. The S.J. Clarke Publishing Co. OCLC 5398889. Retrieved October 11, 2008.
  • Wagoner, Jay J. (1970). Arizona Territory 1863–1912: A Political History. University of Arizona Press. ISBN 0816501769.
  • Sobel, Robert (1978). Biographical directory of the governors of the United States, 1789–1978, Vol. I. Meckler Books. ISBN 9780930466015. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
  • McMullin, Thomas A. (1984). Biographical directory of American territorial governors. Westport, CT : Meckler. ISBN 978-0-930466-11-4. Retrieved January 19, 2023.
  • Finch, L. Boyd (1985). "ARIZONA'S GOVERNORS WITHOUT PORTFOLIO: A Wonderfully Diverse Lot". The Journal of Arizona History. 26 (1): 77–99. ISSN 0021-9053.
Constitution
  • "Constitution of the State of Arizona". Arizona Legislature. 1912. Retrieved December 20, 2022.
Specific
  1. ^ "Arizona Constitution, article V, section 1 (version 1), part A". Arizona State Legislature. State of Arizona. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
  2. ^ "Arizona Constitution, article V". Arizona State Legislature. State of Arizona. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
  3. ^ "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries". The Council of State Governments. June 25, 2013. Archived from the original on October 22, 2014. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
  4. ^ a b c "Const. Arizona, article V, section 4". Arizona State Legislature. State of Arizona. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
  5. ^ "Const. Arizona, article V, section 7". Arizona State Legislature. State of Arizona. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
  6. ^ "Const. Arizona, article V, section 5". Arizona State Legislature. State of Arizona. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
  7. ^ "Const. Arizona, article V, section 3". Arizona State Legislature. State of Arizona. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
  8. ^ Robinson, William Morrison (1941). Justice in Grey: A History of the Judicial System of the Confederate States of America. Harvard University Press. p. 310. Retrieved August 3, 2010.
  9. ^ McClintock pp. 142–143
  10. ^ Colton, Ray Charles (1985). The Civil War in the Western Territories. University of Oklahoma Press. pp. 9–10. ISBN 0-8061-1902-0. Retrieved August 3, 2010.
  11. ^ a b Colton, Ray Charles (1985). The Civil War in the Western Territories. University of Oklahoma Press. pp. 122–123. ISBN 0-8061-1902-0. Retrieved August 3, 2010.
  12. ^ Cowles, Calvin Duvall (1900). The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. United States Government Printing Office. p. 930. Retrieved August 3, 2010.
  13. ^ Wellman, Paul Iselin (1987). Death in the Desert: The Fifty Years' War for the Great Southwest. University of Nebraska Press. pp. 83–85. ISBN 0-8032-9722-X. Retrieved August 3, 2010.
  14. ^ Heidler, David Stephen; Jeanne t. Heidler; David J. Coles (2002). Encyclopedia Of The American Civil War: A Political, Social, and Military History. W. W. Norton & Company. p. 1412. ISBN 0-393-04758-X. Retrieved August 3, 2010.
  15. ^ Wagoner p. 20
  16. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 37th Cong., special sess., 7 March 1863, 223. Accessed January 21, 2023.
  17. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 37th Cong., special sess., 10 March 1863, 275. Accessed January 21, 2023.
  18. ^ United States Congress. "John Addison Gurley (id: G000530)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  19. ^ "Death of Hon. John A. Gurley". Chicago Tribune. 1863-08-22. p. 2. Retrieved 2023-01-22.
  20. ^ a b McMullin pp. 27–28
  21. ^ "Governor of Arizona". Chicago Tribune. 1863-08-22. p. 1. Retrieved 2023-01-22 – via Newspapers.com.
  22. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 38th Cong., 1st sess., 7 January 1864, 326–327. Accessed January 21, 2023.
  23. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 38th Cong., 1st sess., 4 February 1864, 389–390. Accessed January 21, 2023.
  24. ^ McGinnis, Ralph Y.; Calvin N. Smith (1994). Abraham Lincoln and the Western Territories. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 91. ISBN 0-8304-1247-6.
  25. ^ Goff pp. 26–27
  26. ^ Goff, John S. (1985). Arizona Territorial Officials Volume III: The Delegates to Congress 1863–1912. Cave Creek, Arizona: Black Mountain Press. p. 32. OCLC 12559708.
  27. ^ McMullin pp. 28–30
  28. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 39th Cong., 1st sess., 14 March 1866, 675. Accessed January 21, 2023.
  29. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 39th Cong., 1st sess., 10 April 1866, 717–718. Accessed January 21, 2023.
  30. ^ "Proclamation, July 9, 1866". Arizona Miner. 1866-07-25. p. 3. Retrieved 2023-01-22 – via Newspapers.com.
  31. ^ Nicolson, John (1974). The Arizona of Joseph Pratt Allyn. University of Arizona Press. p. 39. ISBN 0-8165-0386-9. Retrieved October 11, 2008. McCormick was appointed April 10 and took the oath of office July 9, 1866.
  32. ^ United States Congress. "Richard Cunningham McCormick (id: M000371)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  33. ^ Goff, John S. (1985). Arizona Territorial Officials Volume III: The Delegates to Congress 1863–1912. Cave Creek, Arizona: Black Mountain Press. p. 60. OCLC 12559708.
  34. ^ "Resignation of the Governor of Arizona". The New York Times. March 3, 1869. Retrieved January 21, 2023 – via Newspapers.com. Gov. Mccormick, of Arizona, delegate elect to the Forty-first Congress, tendered his resignation as Governor of that Territory to-day.
  35. ^ a b McMullin pp. 30–32
  36. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 41st Cong., 1st sess., 3 April 1869, 76. Accessed January 21, 2023.
  37. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 41st Cong., 1st sess., 8 April 1869, 108. Accessed January 21, 2023.
  38. ^ Goff p. 55
  39. ^ a b U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 45th Cong., 1st sess., 17 October 1877, 37. Accessed January 21, 2023.
  40. ^ a b c McMullin pp. 32–33
  41. ^ "Hoyt for Governor of Arizona". Memphis Daily Appeal. 1877-04-06. p. 1. Retrieved 2023-01-23 – via Newspapers.com.
  42. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 45th Cong., 1st sess., 17 October 1877, 112–113. Accessed January 21, 2023.
  43. ^ Goff p. 66
  44. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 45th Cong., 2nd sess., 11 June 1878, [1]. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  45. ^ a b McMullin pp. 33–36
  46. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 45th Cong., 2nd sess., 11 June 1878, 344. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  47. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 45th Cong., 2nd sess., 14 June 1878, 350. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  48. ^ Goff pp. 76&ndash77
  49. ^ a b Walker, Dale L. (1997). Rough Rider: Buckey O'Neill of Arizona. University of Nebraska Press. pp. 23–24. ISBN 0-8032-9796-3. Retrieved August 3, 2010.
  50. ^ a b McMullin pp. 37–38
  51. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 47th Cong., 1st sess., 27 January 1882, 251. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  52. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 47th Cong., 1st sess., 6 February 1882, 270. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  53. ^ Goff p. 88
  54. ^ "none". Arizona Weekly Enterprise. 1882-03-18. p. 2. Retrieved 2023-01-23 – via Newspapers.com.
  55. ^ Wagoner p. 221
  56. ^ McMullin pp. 38–40
  57. ^ "Washington Appointments of October 15". The Des Moines Register. 1885-10-16. p. 2. Retrieved 2023-01-23 – via Newspapers.com.
  58. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 49th Cong., 1st sess., 10 December 1885, 55. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  59. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 49th Cong., 1st sess., 5 May 1886, 453–454. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  60. ^ "Governor of Arizona". Oakland Tribune. 1885-11-03. p. 3. Retrieved 2023-01-23 – via Newspapers.com.
  61. ^ Goff pp. 98–99
  62. ^ a b McMullin pp. 40–42
  63. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 51st Cong., special sess., 14 March 1889, 10. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  64. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 51st Cong., special sess., 28 March 1889, 49. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  65. ^ "Governor Wolfley's Enthusiastic Reception". Weekly Journal-Miner. 1889-04-10. p. 3. Retrieved 2023-01-24 – via Newspapers.com.
  66. ^ Goff p. 112
  67. ^ Wagoner p. 276
  68. ^ Walker, Dale L. (1997). Rough Rider: Buckey O'Neill of Arizona. University of Nebraska Press. p. 81. ISBN 0-8032-9796-3. Retrieved August 3, 2010.
  69. ^ McMullin pp. 42–43
  70. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 51st Cong., 1st sess., 29 September 1890, 762. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  71. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 51st Cong., 1st sess., 1 October 1890, 775. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  72. ^ "Doings of the Bodies at Phoenix". Arizona Weekly Citizen. 1891-01-24. p. 2. Retrieved 2023-01-24 – via Newspapers.com.
  73. ^ "Gov. Irwin Resigns". Arizona Republic. 1892-04-20. p. 1. Retrieved 2023-01-24 – via Newspapers.com.
  74. ^ Goff p. 127
  75. ^ a b c McMullin pp. 43–45
  76. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 52nd Cong., 1st sess., 22 April 1892, 220. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  77. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 52nd Cong., 1st sess., 9 May 1892, 232. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  78. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 52nd Cong., 1st sess., 2 June 1892, 246. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  79. ^ a b "Old and New: Governor Hughes Inducted into Office". Arizona Republic. 1893-04-14. p. 5. Retrieved 2023-01-24 – via Newspapers.com.
  80. ^ a b McMullin pp. 45–46
  81. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 53rd Cong., special sess., 5 April 1893, 446. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  82. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 53rd Cong., special sess., 8 April 1893, 454–455. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  83. ^ Johnson, Rossiter; John Howard Brown (1904). The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans. The Biographical Society. Retrieved October 11, 2008.
  84. ^ "Hughes Makes His Exit". Arizona Republic. 1896-04-02. p. 1. Retrieved 2023-01-24 – via Newspapers.com.
  85. ^ a b McMullin pp. 46–48
  86. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 54th Cong., 1st sess., 30 March 1896, 209. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  87. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 54th Cong., 1st sess., 8 April 1896, 223. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  88. ^ Goff pp. 154–155
  89. ^ "Governor Franklin". Arizona Republic. 1896-04-19. p. 4. Retrieved 2023-01-24 – via Newspapers.com.
  90. ^ "Secretary Akers Becomes Acting Governor". The Florence Tribune. 1897-07-24. p. 2. Retrieved 2023-01-24 – via Newspapers.com.
  91. ^ a b McMullin pp. 48–49
  92. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 55th Cong., 1st sess., 20 May 1897, 112. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  93. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 55th Cong., 1st sess., 17 July 1897, 243. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  94. ^ "McCord Takes Oath of Office". Arizona Republic. 1897-07-22. p. 1. Retrieved 2023-01-24 – via Newspapers.com.
  95. ^ "Governor McCord Arrives in Arizona". Arizona Republic. 1897-07-29. p. 8. Retrieved 2023-01-24 – via Newspapers.com.
  96. ^ Wagoner p. 345
  97. ^ a b U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 55th Cong., 3rd sess., 1 August 1898, 1010. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  98. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 55th Cong., 3rd sess., 14 December 1898, 1092–1093. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  99. ^ "Governor Murphy Takes Oath". Arizona Republic. 1898-08-02. p. 4. Retrieved 2023-01-24 – via Newspapers.com.
  100. ^ McClintock p. 346
  101. ^ Goff p. 132
  102. ^ Goff p. 136
  103. ^ "Resignation of Arizona's Governor". The New York Times. April 30, 1902. Retrieved October 11, 2008.
  104. ^ a b "Clipped From Arizona Republic". Arizona Republic. 1902-07-01. p. 7. Retrieved 2023-01-24.
  105. ^ McMullin pp. 49–51
  106. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 57th Cong., 1st sess., 7 May 1902, 510. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  107. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 57th Cong., 1st sess., 14 May 1902, 528. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  108. ^ Goff p. 178
  109. ^ "Governor Brodie Quits". Arizona Republic. 1905-02-15. p. 1. Retrieved 2023-01-25 – via Newspapers.com.
  110. ^ McClintock p. 354
  111. ^ a b McMullin pp. 51–53
  112. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 58th Cong., 3rd sess., 10 February 1905, 503. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  113. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 58th Cong., 3rd sess., 27 February 1905, 538. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  114. ^ "Governor Joseph H. Kibbey Takes the Office". Arizona Republic. 1905-03-08. p. 1. Retrieved 2023-01-25 – via Newspapers.com.
  115. ^ a b U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 60th Cong., 2nd sess., 16 December 1908, 116. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  116. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 60th Cong., 2nd sess., 4 March 1909, 609. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  117. ^ McMullin pp. 53–55
  118. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 61st Cong., 1st sess., 8 April 1909, 37. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  119. ^ U.S. Senate Exec. Journal. 61st Cong., 1st sess., 15 April 1909, 47. Accessed January 23, 2023.
  120. ^ "Sloan Replaces Kibbey". Tucson Citizen. 1909-05-01. p. 1. Retrieved 2023-01-25 – via Newspapers.com.
  121. ^ McClintock p. 359
  122. ^ Goff p. 199
  123. ^ a b c AZ Const. art 5, § 1
  124. ^ a b Ralph E. Hughes v. Douglas K. Martin Archived 2008-10-14 at the Wayback Machine (PDF), (Arizona Supreme Court 2002-08-20). “Nelson involved two allegedly conflicting amendments both approved by voters in the 1968 election, to Article 5 of the Arizona Constitution. ... The other amendment, proposition 104, extended the term of offices of the executive department, including the office of state auditor, from two years to four years.”
  125. ^ Berman, David R. (1998). Arizona Politics & Government: The Quest for Autonomy, Democracy, and Development. University of Nebraska Press. p. 112. ISBN 0-8032-6146-2. Retrieved August 3, 2010.
  126. ^ AZ Const. art. 5, old § 1
  127. ^ a b c "Const. Arizona, article V, section 6". Arizona State Legislature. State of Arizona. Retrieved 7 November 2018.
  128. ^ "Meet Governor Katie Hobbs". State of Arizona. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  129. ^ a b c d Sobel pp. 49–50
  130. ^ a b c d e "George Wylie Hunt". National Governors Association. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  131. ^ a b Sobel pp. 50–51
  132. ^ "Gov. Hunt Refuses to Yield Office". New York Times. January 2, 1917. p. 4.
  133. ^ "Gov. Hunt Put Out of Office by Court". New York Times. January 28, 1917. p. 14.
  134. ^ "Court Declares Hunt Governor of Arizona". New York Times. December 23, 1917. p. 5.
  135. ^ Sobel pp. 51–52
  136. ^ "John C. Phillips". National Governors Association. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  137. ^ "Hunt Concedes Moeur Victory". The Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles. September 16, 1932. p. 2. Retrieved July 13, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
  138. ^ a b Sobel p. 52
  139. ^ "Benjamin Baker Moeur". National Governors Association. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  140. ^ "Stanford, Campbell Win Nominations". Arizona Daily Star. Tucson, Arizona. September 9, 1932. p. 1. Retrieved February 14, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  141. ^ Sobel p. 53
  142. ^ "Rawghlie Clement Stanford". National Governors Association. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  143. ^ Sobel pp. 53–54
  144. ^ "Robert Taylor Jones". National Governors Association. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  145. ^ "Gov. Jones Defeated". The San Francisco Examiner. September 12, 1920. p. 9. Retrieved July 13, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
  146. ^ Sobel p. 54
  147. ^ "Sidney Preston Osborn". National Governors Association. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  148. ^ a b Sobel p. 55
  149. ^ "Daniel E. Garvey". National Governors Association. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  150. ^ "Woman Pulls Upset in Arizona Contest". The Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles. September 14, 1950. p. 18. Retrieved July 13, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
  151. ^ Sobel pp. 55–56
  152. ^ "John Howard Pyle". National Governors Association. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  153. ^ a b Sobel pp. 56–57
  154. ^ "Ernest William McFarland". National Governors Association. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  155. ^ a b Sobel p. 57
  156. ^ "Paul Jones Fannin". National Governors Association. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  157. ^ Sobel pp. 57–58
  158. ^ "Samuel Pearson Goddard". National Governors Association. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  159. ^ Sobel pp. 58–59
  160. ^ "John "Jack" R. Williams". National Governors Association. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  161. ^ Lydon, Christopher (November 3, 1974). "Democrats Likely to Make Larger Than Usual Gain". The New York Times. Retrieved January 20, 2023. The Democrat, Raul H. Castro, who came within 8,000 votes of beating Gov. Jack Williams in 1970, is narrowly favored this year to defeat Russell Williams, a conservative Republican businessman who is no kin to the incumbent.
  162. ^ a b Sobel p. 59
  163. ^ "Raul H. Castro". National Governors Association. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  164. ^ Sobel p. 60
  165. ^ "Wesley Bolin". National Governors Association. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  166. ^ a b "Bruce Edward Babbitt". National Governors Association. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  167. ^ a b "Evan Mecham". National Governors Association. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  168. ^ Sullivan, Patricia (February 23, 2008). "Evan Mecham, 83; Was Removed as Arizona Governor". Washington Post. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  169. ^ "Rose Mofford". National Governors Association. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  170. ^ a b "J. Fife Symington". National Governors Association. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  171. ^ Todd S., Purdum (1997-09-04). "Arizona Governor Convicted Of Fraud and Will Step Down". The New York Times. Retrieved October 11, 2008.
  172. ^ Mullaney, Marie Marmo (1994). Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1988–1994. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 29–30. ISBN 0-313-28312-5. Retrieved October 11, 2008.
  173. ^ "Jane Dee Hull". National Governors Association. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  174. ^ a b "Janet Napolitano". National Governors Association. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  175. ^ "Jan Brewer". National Governors Association. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  176. ^ "Arizona Gov. Jan Brewer won't seek another term in office". AZ Central. March 12, 2014. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
  177. ^ "Doug Ducey". National Governors Association. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  178. ^ "Katie Hobbs". National Governors Association. Retrieved January 20, 2023.

External links

  • Office of the Governor of Arizona

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