List of amphibians and reptiles of Gibraltar

This is a list of the amphibian and reptile species recorded in Gibraltar. There are five amphibian and twenty-five reptile species in Gibraltar, of which one is critically endangered, two are endangered, one is vulnerable, and three are near threatened.[1]

The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature:

EX Extinct No reasonable doubt that the last individual has died.
EW Extinct in the wild Known only to survive in captivity or as a naturalized populations well outside its previous range.
CR Critically endangered The species is in imminent risk of extinction in the wild.
EN Endangered The species is facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
VU Vulnerable The species is facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.
NT Near threatened The species does not meet any of the criteria that would categorise it as risking extinction but it is likely to do so in the future.
LC Least concern There are no current identifiable risks to the species.
DD Data deficient There is inadequate information to make an assessment of the risks to this species.

Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of near threatened and least concern categories:

LR/cd Lower risk/conservation dependent Species which were the focus of conservation programmes and may have moved into a higher risk category if that programme was discontinued.
LR/nt Lower risk/near threatened Species which are close to being classified as vulnerable but are not the subject of conservation programmes.
LR/lc Lower risk/least concern Species for which there are no identifiable risks.

Class: Amphibia

Order: Caudata (salamanders)

An Iberian ribbed newt

Order: Anura (frogs and toads)

A pair of common toads
A Mediterranean tree frog
Perez's frog in a pond

Class: Reptilia

Order: Testudines (turtles, tortoises and terrapins)

A green turtle
A leatherback turtle
A red-eared slider
A spur-thighed tortoise

Order: Squamata (scaled reptiles)

A common chameleon
A Moorish gecko
An ocellated lizard
An Iberian wall lizard
A Montpellier snake
A grass snake
A Lataste's viper

See also


  1. ^ "Reptiles and Amphibians in Gibraltar and its waters". Gibraltar Ornithological and Natural History Society. Archived from the original on 5 August 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2007.
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