List of Jesuit sites

Church of the Gesu, mother church of the Society of Jesus in Rome
College church (St. Mariä Himmelfahrt), Cologne
Professed House church in Paris
Novitiate of Sant'Andrea al Quirinale, Rome
University Church, Vienna
College church, Puebla
College church, Minsk
Professed house church, Vilnius
Professed House in Malá Strana, Prague
Church of the Gesù, Brussels

This list includes past and present buildings, facilities and institutions associated with the Society of Jesus. In each country, sites are listed in chronological order of start of Jesuit association.

Nearly all these sites have been managed or maintained by Jesuits at some point of time since the Society's founding in the 16th century, with indication of the relevant period in parentheses; the few exceptions are sites associated with particularly significant episodes of Jesuit history, such as the Martyrium of Saint Denis in Paris, site of the original Jesuit vow on 15 August 1534. The Jesuits have built many new colleges and churches over the centuries, for which the start date indicated is generally the start of the project (e.g. invitation or grant from a local ruler) rather than the opening of the institution which often happened several years later. The Jesuits also occasionally took over a pre-existing institution and/or building, for example a number of medieval abbeys in the Holy Roman Empire.

In the third quarter of the 18th century, the suppression of the Society of Jesus abruptly terminated the Jesuit presence in nearly all facilities that existed at the time. Many of these, however, continued their educational mission under different management; in cases where they moved to different premises from the ones operated by the Jesuits, the Jesuit site is mentioned in the list as precursor to the later institution. Outside Rome, sites operated by Jesuits since the early 19th century are generally different from those before the 18th-century suppression. Later episodes of expulsion of the Jesuits also terminated their involvement in a number of institutions, e.g. in Russia in 1820, parts of Italy at several times during the 19th century, Switzerland in 1847, Germany in 1872, Portugal in 1910, China after 1949, Cuba in 1961, or Haiti in 1964.

The territorial allocation across countries uses contemporary boundaries, which often differ from historical ones. An exception is made for Rome which is highlighted at the start. Similarly and for simplicity, only modern place names are mentioned, spelled as on their main Wikipedia page in English, even in cases where those modern names were never in use during the time of local Jesuit involvement.

Europe

Rome

Chapel of La Storta
Historic building of Collegio Romano
Church of Sant'Ignazio
Palazzo Gabrielli Borromeo
Biblical Institute
Gregorian University

Albania

Austria

Church am Hof, Vienna
College church, Innsbruck
Stella Matutina, Feldkirch
Canisius College, Innsbruck

Belarus

Jesuit College in Polotsk (1580-1820), site of the Jesuit curia during the Suppression of the Society of Jesus
College in Orsha
College church, Grodno
College in Pinsk
  • Jesuit College in Polotsk (1580–1820), from 1812 an academy [be], seat of the Order's General Curia from 1773 to 1820, now Polotsk State University; college church demolished in 1964
  • Jesuit college [be] in Nyasvizh (1584–1773), now Corpus Christi Church
  • Jesuit college [be] in Orsha (1610–1820), reconstructed in the early 21st century
  • Jesuit residence [be] in Babruysk (1618–1773, with interruptions), initially a mission until 1630
  • Jesuit college [be] in Grodno (1622–1773), now Catholic Cathedral of Saint Francis Xavier
  • Jesuit college [be] in Novogrudok (1626–1773), initially a mission and from 1631 to 1714 a residence, now demolished
  • Jesuit college [be] in Brest (1629–1773), now Brest Fortress; college church demolished in the mid-20th century
  • Jesuit college [be] in Pinsk (1638–1773), now Belarusian Polesia Museum [ru]; college church demolished in the mid-20th century
  • Jesuit college [be] in Vitebsk (1640–1820), until 1682 a residence, later Catholic Church of Saint Joseph [be], demolished in the 1950s
  • Jesuit college [be] in Minsk (1654–1773), initially a mission and from 1686 to 1714 a residence, now Catholic Cathedral of the Holy Name of Mary; adjacent college buildings were demolished in the 1960s, except the Catholic consistory [be], and the reconstruction of the Governor's House [be] was considered in 2019
  • Jesuit college [be] in Novaja Myš [be] (1667–1693)
  • Jesuit college [be] in Juravičy [be] (1673–1820), until 1778 a residence, now a Russian Orthodox monastery
  • Jesuit college [be] in Mogilev (1680–1820), until 1799 a residence, later Catholic Church of Saint Francis Xavier [be], demolished in the 1950s
  • Jesuit college [be] in Slutsk (1689–1773), initially a mission and from 1703 to 1714 a residence
  • Jesuit college [be] in Mstsislaw (1690–1820), initially a mission and from 1711 to 1799 a residence, now Catholic Church of St. Michael the Archangel [be]
  • Jesuit residence in Slonim (1709–1781)
  • Jesuit college in Zhodishki [be] (1722–1773)
  • Eastern Catholic Jesuit seminary in Albertyn Mansion near Slonim (1924–1939)

Belgium

College church, Antwerp
College courtyard, Tournai
College church, Kortrijk
College church, Leuven
Saint Michael College, Brussels

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Seminary in Travnik
  • Jesuit seminar, now Petar Barbarić Catholic School [hr] in Travnik (1882–1945 and since 1999)
  • Church and Seminary of Saints Cyril and Methodius [bs] in Sarajevo (1893–1944)

Croatia

Jesuit church, Rijeka

Czechia

Clementinum library, Prague
College in Chomutov
College in Kutná Hora
  • Clementinum college in the Old Town of Prague (1556–1773), now National Library of the Czech Republic and St. Salvator Church
    • Jesuits also dominated Charles University from 1622, and in 1654 the Clementinum merged with the University's Karolinum to form Charles-Ferdinand University
  • Jesuit college and university in Olomouc (1566–1773), now Palacký University Olomouc and Church of Our Lady of the Snows [cs]
  • Jesuit college [cs] in Brno (1582–1773), now Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary [cs]
  • Jesuit college [cs] in Český Krumlov (1588–1773), now Hotel Růže [cs] and Church of St. Vitus
  • Jesuit College [cs] in Chomutov (1589–1773), now Regional Museum [cs] and Church of Saint Ignatius [cs]
  • Jesuit college in Bohosudov near Krupka (1591–1773 and 1853–1950), now Episcopal grammar school [cs] and Basilica of Our Lady of Sorrows [cs]
  • Jesuit college [de] in Jindřichův Hradec (1594–1773), now the National Museum of Photography and Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary [cs]
  • Church of St. Catherine [cs] in Chomutov (1605–1773), now part of the Regional Museum [cs]
  • Nové Město Jesuit college [cs] in the New Town of Prague (1622–1773), now part of the General University Hospital [cs] and St. Ignatius Church built 1655–1677
  • Bethlehem Chapel in Prague (1622–1773)
  • Church of Our Lady before Týn in Prague (1623–1773)
  • Jesuit college [cs] in Kutná Hora (1633–1773), now Central Bohemian Gallery (GASK) [cs] and Church of Saint Barbara
    • The Jesuits also established a school in Kutná Hora Castle [cs] in 1684, now the Czech Silver Museum [cs]
  • Jesuit college in Klatovy (1634–1773), now Klatovy Municipal Library [cs] and Church of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary and St. Ignatius [cs]
  • Jesuit college in Březnice (1642?–1773), now Church of St. Ignatius of Loyola and St. Francis Xavier [cs]
  • Jesuit college [de] in Uherské Hradiště (1662–1773), now a cultural center and the Church of Saint Francis Xavier
  • Svatá Hora [cs] complex near Příbram (1647–1773), now Svatohorská monastery [cs] and Basilica of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary
  • Jesuit college [de] in Telč (1662–1773), now a part of Masaryk University, a branch of the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands Museum in Jihlava [cs] and the Church of the Name of Jesus [cs]
  • Professed house in Prague (1673–1773), now Church of Saint Nicholas in Malá Strana
  • Church of the Annunciation [cs] in Litoměřice (1701–1773)
  • Jesuit college in Opařany (1717–1773), now known as Opařany Castle [cs] and Church of St. Francis Xavier [cs]
  • Hostýn pilgrimage church and monastery in the Beskids (1887–1950)
  • Velehrad Monastery [cs] in Velehrad (1890–1950 and since 1990), now also Stojanovo gymnázium [cs] and Basilica of Saints Cyril and Methodius [cs]

Denmark

Jesus Heart's Church, Copenhagen

Estonia

  • Jesuit College [pl] in Tartu (1586–1625)

France

College of Clermont, Paris, before 19th-century destruction
College church, Cambrai
College in Lyon
College in Bourges
College church, Eu
College church, Rouen
College in Besançon
College portal, La Flèche
College church, Rennes
College in Moulins
College in Reims
Novitiate in Paris
College church, Metz
College in Clermont-Ferrand
College in Strasbourg
Lycée Sainte-Geneviève, Versailles

Germany

College in Munich
College church, Munich
College church, Würzburg
College in Mainz
College in Dillingen
College in Heiligenstadt
College church, Landsberg am Lech
College in Koblenz
College in Paderborn
College church, Münster
College church, Aachen
College church, Heidelberg

Greece

Hungary

View of Buda with the church of Saint Anne (left), Matthias Church and Hilton Hotel on the grounds of the Jesuit college (background)
College at Székesfehérvár

Ireland

Clongowes Wood College
Manresa House, Dublin

Italy (outside Rome)

College in Naples
College church, Genoa
College church, Turin
Brera college, Milan
Professed house (Gesù Nuovo), Naples
College church, Trieste
College in Venice

Mainland

Sardinia

Novitiate at Cagliari

Sicily

College church, Trapani
College at Mazara del Vallo
Seminary church, Noto

Kosovo

Latvia

Residence church in Skaistkalne
  • Jesuit college [pl] in Riga (1582–1621)
  • St. James's Cathedral in Riga (1582–1621)
  • Jesuit college [pl] in Cēsis (1582–1625), initially a residence until 1614
  • Jesuit college [be] in Daugavpils (1630–1811, with interruption 1656–1669), initially a residence until 1761, now Daugavpils fortress; college church destroyed during World War II
  • Jesuit school in Izvalta (1635–1820), from 1817 a college, now Izvalta Church [lv]
  • Jesuit residence in Skaistkalne (1660–1773), initially a mission until 1677, now Church of the Assumption [lv]
  • Jesuit college in Krāslava (1676–1811)
  • Jesuit residence in Jelgava (1690–1773)
  • Jesuit college in Ilūkste (1690–1773), initially a residence until 1761, destroyed during World War I
  • Jesuit college in Dagda (1742–1820)
  • Jesuit college in Puša, Rēzekne Municipality (1743–1820 and since 2006), now Puša Catholic Church [lv]
  • Jesuit residence in Riga (1804–1820)[29]

Lithuania

Vilnius college courtyard
Kaunas college church

Luxembourg

College in Luxembourg

Malta

Monaco

  • Jesuit college in the former Convent of the Visitation (1862–1910), now Lycée Albert Premier
  • Church of the Sacred Heart [fr] (1926–1965), now a parish church

Netherlands

Church in Amersfoort
Berchmanianum, Nijmegen

Poland

College in Poznań
Collegium Broscianum in Kraków
College in Sandomierz
University of Wrocław
College in Krasnystaw
Basilica in Stara Wieś, Southern Poland

Portugal

College of arts, Coimbra
College church, Funchal
College church, Santarém

Romania

College church, Târgu Mureș

Russia

College in Saint Petersburg

Serbia

  • Jesuit mission in Belgrade under Ottoman rule (1612–1632)[21]
  • Church of Saint George [sr] in Petrovaradin (1701–1773)

Slovakia

University in Trnava

Slovenia

College church, Maribor

Spain

Sanctuary of Loyola
Cave of St Ignatius, Manresa
College in Segovia
College in Madrid
College church, Santander
English college, Valladolid
College in Monforte de Lemos
College in Granada
Novitiate in Seville
College church, Salamanca
Col·legi Casp, Barcelona
University of Deusto, Bilbao
St Ignatius College, Barcelona

Sweden

Switzerland

College in Lucerne
College in Fribourg

Ukraine

College church, Lviv
College at Kremenets
College church, Ternopil
1930s aerial view of Chyrów College, (Poland), now Khyriv

United Kingdom

St Ignatius, Preston
St Beuno's Centre in Tremeirchion, Wales
Sacred Heart, Wimbledon
Campion Hall, Oxford

England

Scotland

Sacred Heart, Edinburgh

Wales

Jersey

Americas

Argentina

College in Buenos Aires
College church, Córdoba
Mission of San Ignacio Miní
Estancia Santa Catalina
Universidad del Salvador, Buenos Aires

Belize

Bolivia

College in Sucre
San José de Chiquitos
San Miguel de Velasco

Brazil

College in Salvador, Bahia
College in São Paulo
College in São Luís, Maranhão
Mission of São Miguel
Saint Ignatius College, Rio de Janeiro

Canada

Grand séminaire, Quebec City
Church of the Gesù, Montreal
Villa Saint-Martin, Montreal
Manresa Centre, Pickering
St Charles Garnier College, Quebec City

Chile

Church in Calera de Tango
Church in Achao, Chiloé
Church in Valparaíso

Colombia

College in Bogotá
College in Cartagena
Xavierian University, Bogotá

Cuba

College church, Havana

Dominican Republic

College in Santo Domingo

Ecuador

College church, Quito
College patio, Quito

France (overseas)

  • Habitation Loyola [fr] in French Guiana (1668–1764), now an archaeological park

El Salvador

Guatemala

College in Antigua Guatemala
Landívar University central campus

Guyana

Haiti

Honduras

Jamaica

Mexico

College of Saint Peter and Saint Paul, Mexico City
Professed house church, Mexico City
College in Tepotzotlán
College of Saint Ildefonsus, Mexico City
College church, Guadalajara
College in Morelia
Mission of Santa Rosa de las Palmas, Baja California
College in Zacatecas

Nicaragua

Panama

College in Panama City

Paraguay

Mission of San Cosme y Damián

Peru

Church of Saint Peter, Andahuaylillas
College in Cusco
College church, Arequipa

United States

Newtown Manor, Maryland
Sainte Marie Among the Iroquois, New York
Georgetown University, Washington DC
Cunniffe House, Fordham University, New York
St Ignatius Church, Baltimore

Eastern Seaboard

Middle West and Great Plains

Mission Saint-Ignace, Michigan
Cudahy Science Hall, Loyola University Chicago
Johnston Hall, Marquette University Milwaukee
St Ignatius High School, Cleveland

St. John’s Jesuit High School in Toledo, Ohio

South

Loyola University, New Orleans

West

Mission San Xavier del Bac, Arizona
Santa Clara University
University of San Francisco

Puerto Rico

Uruguay

Estancia del Río de las Vacas

Venezuela

Andrés Bello Catholic University, Caracas
Catholic University of Tachira

Africa and Middle East

Algeria

Angola

  • Jesuit college of the Holy Name of Jesus in Luanda (1584–1759, with interruption 1641–1648), now Ministry of Justice, National Printing House and Igreja de Jesus[51]
  • Jesuit college in M'banza-Kongo (1623–1669)[51]

Armenia

  • Jesuit mission in Yerevan (1684-after 1722)[52]

Azerbaijan

  • Jesuit mission in Shamakhi (1686-after 1722)[52]
  • Jesuit mission in Ganja (1703-after 1722)[52]

Burundi

Cameroon

Collège Libermann, Douala
  • Collège Libermann [fr] in Douala (since 1957)

Cape Verde

  • Jesuit mission in Cape Verde (1604–1617)

Chad

Côte d'Ivoire

Democratic Republic of Congo

Lovanium University, Kinshasa

Egypt

Equatorial Guinea

  • Jesuit mission of Fernando Po on Bioko Island (1858–1872)[51]

Ethiopia

Jesuit mission, Gongora
  • Jesuit complex [fr] in Gorgora (1608–1633), now Ruins of Gorgora Nova [fr]

Iran

  • Jesuit mission in Hormuz (1549–1568)[54]
  • Jesuit mission in Isfahan (1647–1755), from 1651 in the New Julfa neighborhood[54]

Iraq

Israel

Biblical Institute, Jerusalem

Kenya

Lebanon

Saint Joseph University, Beirut

Liberia

  • Xavier Jesuit School in Wein Town, Paynesville (since 2007)

Madagascar

Malawi

Mozambique

  • Jesuit college on the Island of Mozambique (1610–1759), now Palace and Chapel of São Paulo
  • Jesuit college in Tete (1611–18th century)[51]
  • Jesuit seminary in Vila de Sena (1697–18th century)[51]

Nigeria

Rwanda

South Africa

Syria

  • Jesuit residence and school in Aleppo (mid-17th century), with satellite schools in Sidon (Lebanon) and Damascus[56]
  • Deir Wartan [ar] in Aleppo (since 1926)

Turkey

Saint Benedict, Istanbul

Uganda

United Arab Emirates

Zambia

Canisius School, Chikuni Mission

Zimbabwe

St George's College, Harare

South Asia

Bangladesh

Bhutan

India

Andhra Loyola College, Vijayawada

Andhra Pradesh

Bihar

St Xavier's High School, Patna

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu

St Paul's Church, Diu

Delhi

Goa

Church of Our Lady of the Snows, Rachol
Basilica of Bom Jesus, Old Goa

Gujarat

St Xavier's High School, Ahmedabad

Jharkhand

St John's High School, Ranchi
XLRI, Jamshedpur
St Xavier's School, Bokaro Steel City

Karnataka

St Aloysius College, Mangalore
St Aloysius College church, Mangalore

Kerala

St Ignatius Church, Thiruvananthapuram

Madhya Pradesh

Maharashtra

St Xavier's College, Mumbai

Odisha

Xavier University Bhubaneswar

Puducherry

College church, Pondicherry

Rajasthan

St Xavier's School, Jaipur

Tamil Nadu

Our Lady of Snows, Thoothukudi
St Mary's School, Dindigul
Loyola College, Chennai

Telangana

Uttar Pradesh

Akbar's Church, Agra

West Bengal

St Xavier's College, Kolkata
St Joseph's School, Darjeeling

Nepal

St Xavier's School, Jawalakhel

Pakistan

St Patrick's Cathedral, Karachi

Sri Lanka

St Aloysius' College, Galle

East & Southeast Asia

China

College church, Macau
Zhalan Cemetery, Beijing
Jingyi church, Shanghai
Zi-Ka-Wei Library, Shanghai
Xuhui High School, Shanghai

Taiwan

East Timor

Indonesia

Canisius College, Jakarta

Japan

Hiroshima Academy High School

Malaysia

Church of St Paul, Malacca

Philippines

College church, Manila
Ateneo de Naga
Christ the King Church in the Ateneo de Naga University campus, Naga City, Philippines

Republic of Korea

Sogang University, Seoul

Thailand

  • Jesuit mission in Ayutthaya (1670–1767)[60]
  • Jesuit observatory in Lopburi (1685–1687)[61]

Vietnam

Oceania

Australia

St Ignatius' College, Riverview
St Ignatius Church, Toowong
Newman College, Melbourne

Micronesia

New Zealand

Palau

See also

Notes

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  2. ^ a b Paul F. Grendler (31 October 2019). "Jesuit Schools and Universities in Europe 1548–1773". Brill Research Perspectives in Jesuit Studies.
  3. ^ David Schultenover. "January 11, 2008". Sharing the Experience of the Congregation.
  4. ^ Tracey Primrose (20 June 2016). "Welcome to Our House: Jesuit Curia in Rome Gets Modern Updates". Jesuits of Canada.
  5. ^ "Jesuit European Social Centres". Jesuits in Europe.
  6. ^ "Collège de jésuites de Billom (désaffecté)". Région Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes. 1990.
  7. ^ Didier Rykner (18 November 2020). "Une " boîte dans la boîte " : le triste destin de l'église du Noviciat des Jésuites à Nancy". La Tribune de l'Art.
  8. ^ "Plan du College de la Compagnie de Jesus a Amiens". Collecta.
  9. ^ Léonore Losserand (2014). "Le noviciat des Jésuites (1610-vers 1806), un fragment d'histoire du Paris disparu". Bulletin de la Société d'histoire de Paris et de l'Île-de-France.
  10. ^ "Maubeuge : la salle Sthrau, trésor de l'art déco, inaugurée ce jeudi matin, après deux ans de travaux de rénovation". France 3 Hauts-de-France. 8 November 2018.
  11. ^ "L'histoire du collège". Collège Coutelle.
  12. ^ "C'était autrefois une voie très commerçante : la rue Jean-Jaurès". maville par Ouest France. 17 November 2009.
  13. ^ Marie Beleyme (26 March 2016). "Brève histoire du Mont-Louis en quelques cartes". Père-Lachaise: 1804-1824.
  14. ^ "Collège de Jésuites Notre-Dame-Auxiliatrice puis collège communal dit Collège Jean Bart". POP : la plateforme ouverte du patrimoine.
  15. ^ Madeleine Fernandez (June 1988), Les Seigneurs de Gentilly du moyen-âge à la fin de l'ancien régime (PDF), Société d'Histoire de Gentilly
  16. ^ "Property & Park: The History of Les Fontaines". Serge Kampf Les Fontaines Capgemini Campus.
  17. ^ "Archives jésuites". Jésuites Europe Occidentale Francophone.
  18. ^ "The palace of the Jesuit monks in Kalamitsia". MyNaxos.
  19. ^ a b c d Serkan Gül (May 2015). "The French Catholic Missionaries in Lebanon between 1860 and 1914" (PDF). Middle East Technical University.
  20. ^ a b Béla Vilmos Mihalik (December 2016), "Centuries of Resumptions: The Historiography of the Jesuits in Hungary", Jesuit Historiography Online
  21. ^ a b c Antal Molnár (March 2008), "Die Türkische Mission ("Missio Turcica") der Gesellschaft Jesu Im Osmanischen Ungarn", Acta Orientalia, 61
  22. ^ "Jesuit Institutions in Hungary, Page 2". Jesuit Stamps 1898–2016.
  23. ^ "Jesuit History: History of Crescent College Comprehensive SJ". Crescent College Comprehensive S.J.
  24. ^ "Coláiste Iognáid SJ – St. Ignatius College SJ". Global Network of Jesuit Schools.
  25. ^ a b John Donnelly (1982), "The Jesuit College at Padua: Growth, Suppression, Attempts at Restoration" (PDF), [email protected]
  26. ^ "Church of the Jesus". Around Bari.
  27. ^ a b Paul F. Grendler (1 January 2014), "Jesuit Schools in Europe. A Historiographical Essay", Journal of Jesuit Studies
  28. ^ "Il Collegio dei Gesuiti". Comune di Monopoli. 16 July 2018.
  29. ^ Marek Inglot (December 2019). "The Catholic Order Teaching in the Tsarist state (1772–1802)". Studia Paedagogica Ignatiana.
  30. ^ "The Gozo Seminary Papers in the Maltese Jesuit Province Archive". Malta Historical Society. 1980.
  31. ^ Andrea Mariani (2018). "State-Sponsored Inventories of Jesuit Houses in the Aftermath of the Suppression of the Society of Jesus: Notes on a Source for Jesuit History from the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth". Archivum Historicum Societatis Iesu. p. 310.
  32. ^ a b Martín Corral Estrada (14 May 2019). "La primera Casa Profesa de Madrid". Jesuitas Madrid.
  33. ^ Eduardo Valero (9 May 2015). "El 3 de mayo de 1915 y la iglesia de San Francisco de Borja". Historia urbana de Madrid.
  34. ^ Martín Corral Estrada (17 June 2019). "La segunda Casa Profesa de Madrid". Jesuitas Madrid.
  35. ^ José Francisco Serrano Oceja (30 December 2017). "San Francisco de Borja: una parroquia con vocación universal". ABC Madrid.
  36. ^ a b c Franz Xaver Bischof (13 January 2011). "Jésuites / Compagnie de Jésus". Dictionnaire Historique de la Suisse.
  37. ^ Nicolas de Fer (1691). "Map of Kamianets-Podilskyi". Gallica.
  38. ^ Jerzy Zając (2016). "The Genesis of the Papal Eastern Seminary in Dubno and its Patrons" (PDF). Seminare.
  39. ^ "A Contribution to the History of Savoy College, London" (PDF). Letters & Notices. CCXLI. April 1926.
  40. ^ Friargate's Catholic ‘chapels’ 1605–1990 from PrestonHistory.com, retrieved 19 March 2021
  41. ^ Jesuit Missions from Jesuit.org.uk, retrieved 19 March 2021
  42. ^ Timber! Jesuits’ tree falls in Hampstead from Camden News Journal, 14 October 2020, retrieved 19 March 2021
  43. ^ History from ISCGlasgow.co.uk, retrieved 19 March 2021
  44. ^ Redemptorists to run Acre House, Catholic Herald, 2 September 1977, retrieved 19 March 2021
  45. ^ Jean-Marie Jan (1951). Les Congrégations religieuses au Cap-Français, Saint-Domingue 1681–1793. Port-au-Prince: Editions Henri Deschamps.
  46. ^ Rodrigo Merino Barba (2 December 2017). "El Colegio Nacional de San Gregorio, Institución en la que se establece la Escuela Nacional de Agricultura y Veterinaria". Expresiones Veterinarias.
  47. ^ Robert H. Jackson (17 February 2021). "Jesuits in Spanish America before the Suppression". Brill Research Perspectives in Jesuit Studies.
  48. ^ Mónica Domínguez Torres (2007), "¿Una visión frustrada? Un lienzo de Miguel Cabrera y la residencia jesuita en la Maracaibo colonial", Anales del Instituto de Investigaciones Estéticas
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  50. ^ Jean-Marc Valentin (1998). "Les orphelinats fondés par les Jésuites en Algérie". Revue du GAMT.
  51. ^ a b c d e f g Festo Mkenda (August 2016). "Jesuits and Africa". Oxford Handbook Online.
  52. ^ a b c Rudi Mathee (December 2015), "Poverty and Perseverance: The Jesuit Mission of Isfahan and Shamakhi in Late Safavid Iran", Al-Qantara, 36
  53. ^ "Who we are?". Jesuit Cultural Center Alexandria.
  54. ^ a b Rudi Matthee (15 December 2008). "Jesuits in Safavid Persia". Encyclopedia Iranica.
  55. ^ Joseph Fromm (13 June 2013). "Deir Taanayel". Good Jesuit, Bad Jesuit.
  56. ^ Robert J. Clines (2014), Confessional Politics and Religious Identity in the Early Jesuit Missions to the Ottoman Empire, Syracuse University
  57. ^ Adina Ruiu (12 March 2014), "Conflicting Visions of the Jesuit Missions to the Ottoman Empire, 1609–1628", Journal of Jesuit Studies
  58. ^ Leonard Fernando (November 2016). "Jesuits and India". Oxford Handbooks Online.
  59. ^ "Kadi (Unteshwari), Unteshwari Mata Mandir". Archdiocese of Gandhinagar.
  60. ^ Tricky Vandenberg (July 2009). "The Jesuit Church of San Paulo". History of Ayutthaya.
  61. ^ B. Soonthornthum; Wayne Orchiston; S. Komonjinda (September 2012), "The French Jesuit Mission to Thailand in the 1680s and the Establishment of a Major Astronomical Observatory", ResearchGate
  62. ^ a b Anh Q. Tran (October 2018). "The Historiography of the Jesuits in Vietnam: 1615–1773 and 1957–2007". Jesuit Historiography Online.
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