List of Indonesian provinces by Human Development Index

Methodology

The figures come from the Indonesia Human Development Report,[1] published by Statistics Indonesia and Human Development Index (by UN Method) of Indonesian provinces since 1990 (2021 revision).[2]

Provinces of Indonesia by Human Development Index rankings for 2021
  0.801 above
  0.726 to 0.800
  0.651 to 0.725
  0.576 to 0.650
  0.575 below

By Statistics Indonesia in 2022

Source by statistic Indonesia[3] published by Statistics Indonesia

Rank Province HDI
2022 Change from 2021 2022 Score Change from 2021
Very high human development
1 Steady  Jakarta 0.817 Increase 0.006
2 Steady  Special Region of Yogyakarta 0.806 Increase 0.004
High human development
3 Steady  East Kalimantan 0.774 Increase 0.006
4 Steady  Riau Islands 0.765 Increase 0.007
5 Steady  Bali 0.764 Increase 0.007
6 Steady  North Sulawesi 0.738 Increase 0.005
7 Steady  Riau 0.735 Increase 0.006
8 Steady  Banten 0.733 Increase 0.006
9 Steady  West Sumatra 0.733 Increase 0.006
10 Steady  West Java 0.731 Increase 0.006
- -  Indonesia (Statistics Indonesia) 0.729 Increase 0.006
11 Steady  Aceh 0.728 Increase 0.006
12 Steady  South Sulawesi 0.728 Increase 0.006
13 Steady  Central Java 0.728 Increase 0.006
14 Steady  East Java 0.728 Increase 0.007
15 Steady  North Sumatra 0.727 Increase 0.007
16 Steady  Bangka Belitung Islands 0.722 Increase 0.005
17 Steady  Southeast Sulawesi 0.722 Increase 0.005
18 Steady  Bengkulu 0.722 Increase 0.006
19 Steady  Jambi 0.721 Increase 0.005
20 Steady  South Kalimantan 0.718 Increase 0.005
21 Increase 1  North Kalimantan 0.718 Increase 0.006
22 Decrease 1  Central Kalimantan 0.716 Increase 0.003
23 Steady  South Sumatra 0.709 Increase 0.007
24 Steady  Lampung 0.705 Increase 0.006
25 Steady  Central Sulawesi 0.703 Increase 0.005
26 Steady  Maluku 0.702 Increase 0.005
Medium human development
27 Steady  Gorontalo 0.698 Increase 0.008
28 Steady  North Maluku 0.695 Increase 0.007
29 Steady  West Nusa Tenggara 0.695 Increase 0.008
30 Steady  West Kalimantan 0.686 Increase 0.007
31 Steady  West Sulawesi 0.669 Increase 0.005
32 Steady  East Nusa Tenggara 0.659 Increase 0.006
33 Steady  West Papua[a] 0.659 Increase 0.006
34 Steady  Papua[b] 0.614 Increase 0.008

Cities and regencies

A map showing Indonesian cities and regencies by Human Development Index, based on 2021 data
  Very High (≥ 0.800)
  High (0.700–0.799)
  Medium (0.600–0.699)
  Low (≤ 0.599)

List of cities of Indonesia with very high HDI (2022)

According to BPS Indonesia 2020 data, the total population of all cities with very high HDI is 37,570,879 people.

Rank City HDI Province
2022 Change from 2021 2022 Score Change from 2021
Very high human development
1 Steady Yogyakarta 0.877 Increase 0.005  Special Region of Yogyakarta
2 Steady Banda Aceh 0.863 Increase 0.006  Aceh
3 Steady South Jakarta 0.852 Increase 0.003  Jakarta
4 Steady Kendari 0.845 Increase 0.003  Southeast Sulawesi
5 Steady Denpasar 0.844 Increase 0.004  Bali
6 Increase 1 Salatiga 0.844 Increase 0.008  Central Java
7 Decrease 1 Semarang 0.841 Increase 0.005  Central Java
8 Steady East Jakarta 0.835 Increase 0.005  Jakarta
9 Steady Padang 0.833 Increase 0.004  West Sumatra
10 Steady Makassar 0.831 Increase 0.004  South Sulawesi
11 Steady Surakarta 0.831 Increase 0.005  Central Java
12 Steady Surabaya 0.827 Increase 0.004  East Java
13 Steady Malang 0.827 Increase 0.007  East Java
14 Increase 2 West Jakarta 0.825 Increase 0.007  Jakarta
15 Decrease 1 Bandung 0.825 Increase 0.005  West Java
16 Decrease 1 Bekasi 0.825 Increase 0.005  West Java
17 Increase 3 Central Jakarta 0.821 Increase 0.001  Jakarta
18 Increase 1 Pekanbaru 0.821 Increase 0.005  Riau
19 Decrease 2 Palu 0.820 Increase 0.003  Central Sulawesi
20 Increase 2 Madiun 0.820 Increase 0.007  East Java
21 Decrease 3 South Tangerang 0.820 Increase 0.004  Banten
22 Decrease 1 Depok 0.819 Increase 0.005  West Java
23 Increase 1 Medan 0.818 Increase 0.006  North Sumatra
24 Increase 1 Batam 0.817 Increase 0.006  Riau Islands
25 Decrease 2 Ambon 0.816 Increase 0.003  Maluku
26 Increase 1 Samarinda 0.814 Increase 0.006  East Kalimantan
27 Increase 2 Bukittinggi 0.814 Increase 0.007  West Sumatra
28 Decrease 2 Palangka Raya 0.812 Increase 0.004  Central Kalimantan
29 Decrease 1 Balikpapan 0.811 Increase 0.004  East Kalimantan
30 Increase 1 Bengkulu 0.810 Increase 0.005  Bengkulu
31 Decrease 1 Bontang 0.809 Increase 0.003  East Kalimantan
32 Steady North Jakarta 0.808 Increase 0.003  Jakarta
33 Increase 1 Ternate 0.808 Increase 0.007  North Maluku
34 Steady Jayapura 0.806 Increase 0.005  Papua
35 Steady Pontianak 0.805 Increase 0.006  West Kalimantan
36 Increase 1 Magelang 0.804 Increase 0.010  Central Java
37 Decrease 1 Kupang 0.802 Increase 0.005  East Nusa Tenggara

List of regencies of Indonesia with very high HDI (2022)

According to BPS Indonesia 2020 data, the total population of all regencies with very high HDI is 4,693,525 people.

Rank Regency HDI Province
2022 Change from 2021 2022 Score Change from 2021
Very high human development
1 Steady Sleman Regency 0.843 Increase 0.003  Special Region of Yogyakarta
2 Steady Badung Regency 0.821 Increase 0.003  Bali
3 Steady Sidoarjo Regency 0.810 Increase 0.004  East Java
4 Steady Bantul Regency 0.807 Increase 0.005  Special Region of Yogyakarta


By UNDP reports

Rank Province Population
2020 Census
HDI Sub Indicator HDI 2019
(Health) (Education) (Income) Total
1  Jakarta 10,562,088 0.818 0.732 0.772 0.773
2  Special Region of Yogyakarta 3,668,719 0.834 0.751 0.730 0.770
3  Bali 4,317,404 0.803 0.678 0.759 0.745
4  West Sumatra 5,534,472 0.814 0.709 0.708 0.742
5  East Kalimantan[c] 4,467,853 0.809 0.679 0.737 0.740
6  Riau[d] 8,458,651 0.801 0.674 0.721 0.730
7  Bengkulu 2,010,670 0.817 0.669 0.711 0.730
8  North Sulawesi 2,621,923 0.766 0.711 0.714 0.730
9  North Sumatra 14,799,361 0.791 0.685 0.703 0.725
10  Aceh 5,274,871 0.792 0.691 0.691 0.723
11  West Java 48,274,160 0.803 0.640 0.729 0.721
12  Banten 11,904,562 0.778 0.646 0.740 0.719
13  Central Java 36,516,035 0.822 0.629 0.716 0.718
-  Indonesia 270,200,000 0.795 0.651 0.716 0.718
14  East Java 40,665,696 0.797 0.638 0.724 0.717
15  South Sulawesi[e] 10,492,738 0.793 0.651 0.701 0.713
16  Jambi 3,548,228 0.785 0.642 0.717 0.712
17  South Sumatra 8,600,765 0.796 0.638 0.707 0.711
18  Southeast Sulawesi 2,624,875 0.762 0.681 0.691 0.710
19  Lampung 9,007,848 0.795 0.629 0.709 0.708
20  Bangka Belitung Islands 1,517,590 0.749 0.629 0.743 0.705
21  West Nusa Tenggara 5,320,092 0.798 0.638 0.685 0.704
22  Maluku[f] 3,131,860 0.738 0.710 0.667 0.704
23  South Kalimantan 4,073,584 0.775 0.642 0.699 0.703
24  Central Sulawesi 2,985,734 0.766 0.661 0.675 0.699
25  Central Kalimantan 2,669,969 0.787 0.630 0.678 0.696
26  West Kalimantan 5,414,390 0.819 0.595 0.680 0.692
27  Gorontalo 1,171,681 0.728 0.627 0.679 0.677
28  East Nusa Tenggara 5,325,566 0.768 0.621 0.608 0.662
29  Papua[g] 5,437,775 0.692 0.655 0.638 0.661

Trends by Statistics Indonesia

Province HDI 2010 HDI 2011 HDI 2012 HDI 2013 HDI 2014 HDI 2015 HDI 2016 HDI 2017 HDI 2018 HDI 2019 HDI 2020 HDI 2021
Sumatra Region
 Aceh 0.6709 0.6745 0.6781 0.6830 0.6881 0.6945 0.7000 0.7060 0.7119 0.7190 0.7199 0.7218
 North Sumatra 0.6709 0.6734 0.6774 0.6836 0.6887 0.6951 0.7000 0.7057 0.7118 0.7174 0.7177 0.7200
 West Sumatra 0.6725 0.6781 0.6836 0.6891 0.6936 0.6998 0.7073 0.7124 0.7173 0.7239 0.7238 0.7265
 Riau 0.6865 0.6890 0.6915 0.6991 0.7033 0.7084 0.7120 0.7179 0.7244 0.7300 0.7271 0.7294
 Riau Islands 0.7113 0.7161 0.7236 0.7302 0.7340 0.7375 0.7399 0.7445 0.7484 0.7548 0.7559 0.7579
 Jambi 0.6539 0.6614 0.6694 0.6776 0.6824 0.6889 0.6962 0.6999 0.7065 0.7126 0.7129 0.7163
 Bengkulu 0.6535 0.6596 0.6661 0.6750 0.6806 0.6859 0.6933 0.6995 0.7064 0.7121 0.7140 0.7164
 South Sumatra 0.6444 0.6512 0.6579 0.6616 0.6675 0.6746 0.6824 0.6886 0.6939 0.7002 0.7001 0.7024
 Bangka Belitung Islands 0.6602 0.6659 0.6721 0.6792 0.6827 0.6905 0.6955 0.6999 0.7067 0.7130 0.7147 0.7169
 Lampung 0.6371 0.6420 0.6487 0.6573 0.6642 0.6695 0.6765 0.6825 0.6902 0.6957 0.6969 0.6990
Java Region
 Banten 0.6754 0.6822 0.6892 0.6947 0.6989 0.7027 0.7096 0.7142 0.7195 0.7244 0.7245 0.7272
 Jakarta 0.7631 0.7698 0.7753 0.7808 0.7839 0.7899 0.7960 0.8006 0.8047 0.8076 0.8077 0.8111
 West Java 0.6615 0.6667 0.6732 0.6825 0.6880 0.6950 0.7005 0.7069 0.7130 0.7203 0.7209 0.7245
 Central Java 0.6608 0.6664 0.6721 0.6802 0.6878 0.6949 0.6998 0.7052 0.7112 0.7173 0.7187 0.7216
 Special Region of Yogyakarta 0.7537 0.7593 0.7615 0.7644 0.7681 0.7759 0.7838 0.7889 0.7953 0.7999 0.7997 0.8022
 East Java 0.6536 0.6606 0.6674 0.6755 0.6814 0.6895 0.6974 0.7027 0.7077 0.7150 0.7171 0.7214
Lesser Sunda Islands Region
 Bali 0.7010 0.7087 0.7162 0.7209 0.7248 0.7327 0.7365 0.7430 0.7477 0.7538 0.7550 0.7569
 West Nusa Tenggara 0.6116 0.6214 0.6298 0.6376 0.6431 0.6519 0.6581 0.6658 0.6730 0.6814 0.6825 0.6865
 East Nusa Tenggara 0.5921 0.6024 0.6081 0.6168 0.6226 0.6267 0.6313 0.6373 0.6439 0.6523 0.6519 0.6528
Kalimantan Region
 West Kalimantan 0.6197 0.6235 0.6341 0.6430 0.6489 0.6559 0.6588 0.6626 0.6698 0.6765 0.6766 0.6790
 Central Kalimantan 0.6596 0.6638 0.6666 0.6741 0.6777 0.6853 0.6913 0.6979 0.7042 0.7091 0.7105 0.7125
 South Kalimantan 0.6520 0.6589 0.6668 0.6717 0.6763 0.6838 0.6905 0.6965 0.7017 0.7072 0.7091 0.7128
 East Kalimantan 0.7131 0.7202 0.7262 0.7321 0.7382 0.7417 0.7459 0.7512 0.7583 0.7661 0.7624 0.7688
 North Kalimantan Part of East Kalimantan 0.6799 0.6864 0.6876 0.6920 0.6984 0.7056 0.7115 0.7063 0.7119
Sulawesi Region
 West Sulawesi 0.5974 0.6063 0.6101 0.6153 0.6224 0.6296 0.6360 0.6430 0.6510 0.6573 0.6611 0.6636
 South Sulawesi 0.6600 0.6665 0.6726 0.6792 0.6849 0.6915 0.6976 0.7034 0.7090 0.7166 0.7193 0.7224
 Southeast Sulawesi 0.6599 0.6652 0.6707 0.6755 0.6807 0.6875 0.6931 0.6986 0.7061 0.7120 0.7145 0.7166
 Central Sulawesi 0.6329 0.6427 0.6500 0.6579 0.6643 0.6676 0.6747 0.6811 0.6888 0.6950 0.6955 0.6979
 Gorontalo 0.6265 0.6348 0.6416 0.6470 0.6517 0.6586 0.6629 0.6701 0.6771 0.6849 0.6868 0.6900
 North Sulawesi 0.6783 0.6831 0.6904 0.6949 0.6996 0.7039 0.7105 0.7166 0.7220 0.7299 0.7293 0.7330
Maluku Islands and Papua Region
 North Maluku 0.6279 0.6319 0.6393 0.6478 0.6518 0.6591 0.6663 0.6720 0.6776 0.6870 0.6849 0.6876
 Maluku 0.6427 0.6475 0.6543 0.6609 0.6674 0.6705 0.6760 0.6819 0.6887 0.6945 0.6949 0.6971
 West Papua 0.5960 0.5990 0.6030 0.6091 0.6128 0.6173 0.6221 0.6299 0.6374 0.6470 0.6509 0.6526
 Papua 0.5445 0.5501 0.5555 0.5625 0.5675 0.5725 0.5805 0.5909 0.6006 0.6084 0.6044 0.6062
Overall
 Indonesia 0.6653 0.6709 0.6770 0.6831 0.6890 0.6955 0.7018 0.7081 0.7139 0.7192 0.7194 0.7229

Trends by UNDP reports

Province HDI 1990 HDI 1995 HDI 2000 HDI 2005 HDI 2010 HDI 2015 HDI 2018 HDI 2019
Sumatra Region
 Aceh 0.519 0.557 0.607 0.642 0.674 0.700 0.717 0.723
 North Sumatra 0.558 0.598 0.638 0.655 0.677 0.702 0.718 0.725
 West Sumatra 0.531 0.569 0.623 0.645 0.681 0.720 0.736 0.742
 Riau[h] 0.527 0.564 0.617 0.659 0.697 0.715 0.724 0.730
 Jambi 0.512 0.549 0.600 0.635 0.662 0.689 0.706 0.712
 Bengkulu 0.502 0.537 0.589 0.625 0.667 0.705 0.723 0.730
 South Sumatra 0.533 0.571 0.608 0.624 0.660 0.691 0.705 0.711
 Bangka Belitung Islands 0.557 0.596 0.625 0.640 0.675 0.691 0.698 0.705
 Lampung 0.509 0.544 0.577 0.604 0.648 0.684 0.702 0.708
Java Region
 Banten 0.559 0.599 0.631 0.634 0.666 0.699 0.713 0.719
 Jakarta 0.633 0.678 0.722 0.734 0.747 0.757 0.766 0.773
 West Java 0.509 0.545 0.593 0.632 0.672 0.700 0.714 0.721
 Central Java 0.524 0.558 0.592 0.620 0.658 0.692 0.712 0.718
 Special Region of Yogyakarta 0.598 0.637 0.675 0.699 0.724 0.747 0.764 0.770
 East Java 0.521 0.555 0.598 0.622 0.657 0.693 0.710 0.717
Lesser Sunda Islands Region
 Bali 0.558 0.595 0.657 0.686 0.699 0.724 0.738 0.745
 West Nusa Tenggara 0.446 0.471 0.505 0.561 0.619 0.667 0.698 0.704
 East Nusa Tenggara 0.481 0.516 0.540 0.558 0.606 0.640 0.656 0.662
Kalimantan Region
 West Kalimantan 0.513 0.547 0.579 0.598 0.638 0.670 0.686 0.692
 Central Kalimantan 0.507 0.545 0.597 0.636 0.657 0.674 0.689 0.696
 South Kalimantan 0.526 0.563 0.594 0.615 0.655 0.682 0.697 0.703
 East Kalimantan[i] 0.572 0.613 0.660 0.684 0.709 0.724 0.733 0.740
Sulawesi Region
 South Sulawesi[j] 0.512 0.547 0.596 0.623 0.656 0.691 0.706 0.713
 Central Sulawesi 0.489 0.526 0.579 0.612 0.629 0.667 0.693 0.699
 Southeast Sulawesi 0.510 0.547 0.575 0.606 0.656 0.686 0.704 0.710
 Gorontalo 0.482 0.520 0.550 0.575 0.612 0.647 0.671 0.677
 North Sulawesi 0.537 0.577 0.639 0.673 0.692 0.712 0.724 0.730
Maluku Islands and Papua Region
 Maluku[k] 0.547 0.587 0.621 0.626 0.650 0.681 0.698 0.704
 Papua[l] 0.521 0.559 0.589 0.591 0.586 0.622 0.655 0.661
Overall
 Indonesia 0.524 0.560 0.603 0.631 0.665 0.696 0.707 0.718

Notes

  1. ^ Includes West Papua and Southwest Papua (province)
  2. ^ Includes Papua, South Papua, Central Papua, and Highland Papua (province)
  3. ^ Includes North Kalimantan[2]
  4. ^ Includes Riau Islands[2]
  5. ^ Includes West Sulawesi[2]
  6. ^ Includes North Maluku[2]
  7. ^ Includes West Papua (province)[2]
  8. ^ Includes Riau Islands[2]
  9. ^ Includes North Kalimantan[2]
  10. ^ Includes West Sulawesi[2]
  11. ^ Includes North Maluku[2]
  12. ^ Includes West Papua (province)[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ "[New Method] Human Development Index by Province 2018-2020" (in Indonesian). Statistics Indonesia. 2021. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Sub-national Human Development Index of Indonesian Provinces, 1990-2019 (New Method)". Institute for Management Research – Radboud University. June 2021. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  3. ^ "[New Method] Human Development Index by Province 2021-2022" (in Indonesian). Statistics Indonesia. 2022. Retrieved 27 November 2022.
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