Lauricocha Province

Lauricocha
The northeastern side of the Huayhuash range as seen from Lake Carhuacocha
The northeastern side of the Huayhuash range as seen from Lake Carhuacocha
Flag of Lauricocha
Location of Lauricocha in the Huánuco Region
Location of Lauricocha in the Huánuco Region
CountryPeru
RegionHuánuco
CapitalJesús
Area
 • Total1,860.13 km2 (718.20 sq mi)
Population
 • Total19,956 (2,017)
UBIGEO1010
Queropalca

Lauricocha Province is one of 11 provinces of the Huánuco Region in Peru. The capital of the province is Jesús. The province is found at high elevations in the Andes. The highest elevation in the province is snow-capped Yerupaja peak with an elevation of 6,617 m (21,709 ft)[1] and the lowest elevation is approximately 3,200 m (10,500 ft) along the Marañon River north of the town of Rondos.[2] The population of the province was 19,956 in 2017 and had been declining for many years before that.

Lauricocha province is the source of the Marañon. Lauricocha Lake is the largest of many glacial lakes in the province. The lake and the headwaters of the Lauricocha and Nupe Rivers have been identified as among the sources of the Amazon River.[3] The high, cool climate of the province limits economic activity. Agriculture is mostly pastoral and potatoes are the main crop.[4] The Raura mine, producing copper, lead, silver, and zinc, is one of the highest mines in the world at an elevation of 4,791 m (15,719 ft).[5] The province is popular for hikers and mountain climbers, especially to hike and climb in the Cordillera Huayhuash on the western border of Lauricocha. [6] The major north-south Inca road, the Qhapaq Ňan, which runs from Cuzco to Quito, Ecuador, traverses Lauricocha province and is well-preserved along much of its route in this province.[7]

Location

The province is bordered by the Dos de Mayo Province and the Yarowilca Province in the north, the Huánuco Province and the Ambo Province in the east, the Pasco Region in the south, and the Lima Region and the Ancash Region in the west.

Geography

The Huayhuash or Waywash mountain range and the Rawra or Raura mountain range form the western border of the province. The highest peak of the province is Yerupaja. Other mountains are listed below:[8]

The Marañon River in Lauricocha province.

Climate

Climatic information about Lauricocha province is available for Rondos and San Miguel de Cauri. The climate of Lauricocha is cool and cloudy. In the Köppen Classification system, elevations below about 3,500 metres (11,500 ft) are usually Cfb climates (temperate, cool summers) or Cwb (temperate, cool summers, dry winters). At higher elevations, the climate is ET (Alpine tundra).[9][10] At elevations of 3,500 m (11,500 ft), average monthly temperatures hover around 10 °C (50 °F) for every month of the year. Annual precipitation is about 850 millimetres (33 in). The permanent snowline in the Huayhuash and Raura mountains is about 5,000 metres (16,000 ft).[11]

Political divisions

Districts of Lauricocha province.

Lauricocha Province is divided into seven districts (Spanish: distritos, singular: distrito), each of which is headed by a mayor (alcalde):

Districts of Lauricocha Province[12]
District Capital Area Population (1993) Population (2017) elevation (of capital) coordinates (of capital)
Baños Baños 192.1 km2 (74.2 sq mi) 3,298 2,086 3,409 m (11,184 ft) 10°04′30″S 76°22′30″W / 10.075°S 76.375°W / -10.075; -76.375
Jesús Jesús 455.8 km2 (176.0 sq mi) 7,157 4,362 3,486 m (11,437 ft) 10°02′02″S 76°34′55″W / 10.034°S 76.582°W / -10.034; -76.582
Jivia District Jivia 62.08 km2 (23.97 sq mi) 2,027 1,062 3,351 m (10,994 ft) 10°01′23″S 76°40′52″W / 10.023°S 76.681°W / -10.023; -76.681
Queropalca Queropalca 132.3 km2 (51.1 sq mi) 589 1,055 3,831 m (12,569 ft) 10°10′59″S 76°51′40″W / 10.183°S 76.861°W / -10.183; -76.861
Rondos Rondos 172.7 km2 (66.7 sq mi) 7,369 3,798 3,566 m (11,699 ft) 9°58′59″S 76°41′20″W / 9.983°S 76.689°W / -9.983; -76.689
San Francisco de Asís Huarin 86.9 km2 (33.6 sq mi) 2,997 1,356 3,437 m (11,276 ft) 9°57′54″S 76°37′05″W / 9.965°S 76.618°W / -9.965; -76.618
San Miguel de Cauri Cauri 821 km2 (317 sq mi) 8,551 6,237 3,588 m (11,772 ft) 10°06′25″S 76°36′04″W / 10.107°S 76.601°W / -10.107; -76.601
Total: Lauricocha Jesús 1,860 km2 (720 sq mi) 31,988 19,956

Ethnic groups

The province is inhabited by indigenous citizens of Quechua descent. Spanish, however, is the language which the majority of the population (89.48%) learnt to speak in childhood, 10.36% of the residents started speaking using the Quechua language (2007 Peru Census).[13]

See also

The town of Baňos on the Nupe River.

Sources

  1. ^ "Andean Mountains - All above 5000m". Andes Specialists. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  2. ^ Google Earth
  3. ^ Dasgupta, Shreya (2016), "Why the Source of the Amazon river remains a Mystery," BBC, [1], accessed 6 Nov 2018
  4. ^ "Peru is the leading potato producer in Latin America". Peru Info. Retrieved 10 August 2021.
  5. ^ "The World's 10 Highest Mines". Mining. Retrieved 10 August 2021.
  6. ^ Rivera, Agnes. "The Huayhuash Trek: A High Elevation Eden". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 10 Aug 2021.
  7. ^ Hyslop, John (1984). The Inka Road System. Orlando: Academic Press. pp. 68–69. ISBN 0-12-363460-1.
  8. ^ escale.minedu.gob.pe - UGEL map of the Lauricocha Province (Huánuco Region)
  9. ^ "Average Weather in Rondos". Weatherspark. Retrieved 7 August 2021.
  10. ^ "San Miguel de Cauri, Peru". Weatherbase. Retrieved 10 August 2021.
  11. ^ McFadden, E. M.; Ramage, J.; Rodbell, D. T. (2011). "Landsat TM and ETM+ derived snowline altitudes in the Huayhuash and Cordillera Raura, Peru, 1986-2005". The Cryosphere. 5: 419–430.
  12. ^ "Lauricocha Province". City Population. Retrieved 10 August 2021.
  13. ^ inei.gob.pe Archived 2013-01-27 at the Wayback Machine INEI, Peru, Censos Nacionales 2007

Coordinates: 10°02′02″S 76°34′55″W / 10.034°S 76.582°W / -10.034; -76.582

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