Kurtöp language

Kurtöpkha, Zhâke
Native toBhutan
Native speakers
15,000 (2011)[1]
Tibetan script
Language codes
ISO 639-3xkz

The Kurtöp language (Dzongkha: ཀུར་ཏོ་པ་ཁ་; Wylie: Kur-to-pa kha; Kurtöpkha, also called Kurtö and Zhâke) is an East Bodish language spoken in Kurtoe Gewog, Lhuntse District, Bhutan. In 1993, there were about 10,000 speakers of Kurtöp.[2]

Related languages

Historically, Kurtöp and its speakers have had close contact with speakers of Bumthang, Nupbi and Kheng languages, nearby languages of central and eastern Bhutan to the extent that they may be considered part of a wider collection of "Bumthang languages".[3][4][5]

See also


  1. ^ Kurtöp at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ van Driem, George L. (1993). "Language Policy in Bhutan". London: SOAS. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-11-01. Retrieved 2011-01-18.
  3. ^ Schicklgruber, Christian (1998). Françoise Pommaret-Imaeda (ed.). Bhutan: Mountain Fortress of the Gods. Shambhala. pp. 50, 53. ISBN 9780906026441.
  4. ^ van Driem, George (2007). "Endangered Languages of Bhutan and Sikkim: East Bodish Languages". In Moseley, Christopher (ed.). Encyclopedia of the World's Endangered Languages. Routledge. p. 295. ISBN 978-0-7007-1197-0.
  5. ^ van Driem, George (2007). Matthias Brenzinger (ed.). Language diversity endangered. Trends in linguistics: Studies and monographs, Mouton Reader. Vol. 181. Walter de Gruyter. p. 312. ISBN 978-3-11-017050-4.

Further reading

  • Hyslop, G. (2008). "Kurtöp Phonology in the Context of North East India". In Morey, S.; Post, M. (eds.). North East Indian Linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 3–25. doi:10.1017/UPO9788175968431.003. ISBN 978-81-7596-843-1. {{cite book}}: |journal= ignored (help)
  • Hyslop, G. (2008b). "Kurtöp and the classification of the languages of Bhutan" (PDF). South Asian Linguistics, Case, Voice, and Language Coexistence. Proceedings from the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society 42. Vol. 2. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Hyslop, G. (2009). "Kurtöp Tone: A tonogenetic case study". Lingua. 119 (6): 827–845. doi:10.1016/j.lingua.2007.11.012.
  • Hyslop, Gwendolyn (2011). A grammar of Kurtöp (PhD thesis). University of Oregon. hdl:1794/11466.
  • Hyslop, Gwendolyn (2017). A Grammar of Kurtöp. Languages of the Greater Himalayan Region, Volume: 18. Leiden: BRILL. ISBN 978-90-04-29250-5.
  • Namgyel, Singye (2003). The Language Web of Bhutan. Thimphu: KMT.
  • van Driem, George (2001). Languages of the Himalayas: An Ethnolinguistic Handbook of the Greater Himalayan Region: Containing an Introduction to the Symbiotic Theory of Language. Brill Publishers. ISBN 90-04-12062-9.
  • van Driem, George L.; Tshering, Karma (1998). Dzongkha. Languages of the Greater Himalayan Region. Leiden: Research School CNWS, School of Asian, African, and Amerindian Studies. ISBN 90-5789-002-X.

External links

  • "Bumthang". Himalayan Languages Project. Archived from the original on 2011-05-14. Retrieved 2011-02-26.
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