Kong Karls Land

King Charles Land
Native name:
Kong Karls Land
NO-Kong Karls Land.png
Map of Kong Karls Land
Geography
LocationNorthern Europe
Coordinates78°45′N 28°30′E / 78.750°N 28.500°E / 78.750; 28.500Coordinates: 78°45′N 28°30′E / 78.750°N 28.500°E / 78.750; 28.500
ArchipelagoSvalbard
Total islands5
Major islandsKongsøya, Svenskøya, Abel Island, Helgoland Island, and Tirpitzøya
Area342 km2 (132 sq mi)
Administration
Norway
Demographics
Population0

Kong Karls Land or King Charles Land is an island group in the Svalbard archipelago, in the Arctic Ocean. The island group covers an area of 342 km2 (132 sq mi) and is made up of the islands of Kongsøya, Svenskøya, Abel Island, Helgoland Island, and Tirpitzøya.

The islands, which have the largest concentration of polar bear in Svalbard, are part of the Nordaust-Svalbard Nature Reserve, along with Nordaustlandet and Kvitøya. There is a ban on traffic to the islands, which includes the areas of the sea up to 500 metres away from shore and the airspace up to 500 metres above the area.

Kong Karls Land was discovered by an expedition sent by the Muscovy Company in 1617,[1] probably from a high point on Barentsøya. They named the group Wiche Islands, after a member of the company, Richard Wyche.

Ecology

The polar bear is found during portions of the year at Kong Karls Land; this bear feeds on local harp seals and ring seals. The sub-population of polar bears found here is a genetically distinct set of polar bears specifically associated with the Barents Sea region.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ Conway, William Martin (1906). No Man's Land: A History of Spitsbergen from Its Discovery in 1596 to the Beginning of the Scientific Exploration of the Country. Cambridge, At the University Press.
  2. ^ C. Michael Hogan (2008) Polar Bear: Ursus maritimus, Globaltwitcher.com, ed. Nicklas Stromberg Archived December 24, 2008, at the Wayback Machine

External links

  • Kong Karls Land from www.Svalbard-images.com


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