Koi Krylgan Kala

Koi Krylgan Kala
Koi Krylgan Kala (reconstruction).jpg
Koi Krylgan Kala (reconstruction)
Koi Krylgan Kala is located in West and Central Asia
Koi Krylgan Kala
Shown within West and Central Asia
Koi Krylgan Kala is located in Uzbekistan
Koi Krylgan Kala
Koi Krylgan Kala (Uzbekistan)
Alternative nameKoi Krylgan Kala
LocationKarakalpakstan, Uzbekistan
Coordinates41°45′18.77″N 61°7′1.22″E / 41.7552139°N 61.1170056°E / 41.7552139; 61.1170056Coordinates: 41°45′18.77″N 61°7′1.22″E / 41.7552139°N 61.1170056°E / 41.7552139; 61.1170056
TypeSettlement
History
PeriodsParthian, Sasanian
Site notes
Excavation dates1938
ConditionRuined

Koi Krylgan Kala (Uzbek: Qoʻyqirilgan qalʼa; Russian: Кой-Крылган-Кала) is an archaeological site located outside the village of Taza-Kel'timinar in the Ellikqal'a District (Uzbek: Ellikqalʼa tumani; Russian: Элликкалинский район) in the Republic of Karakalpakstan, an autonomous republic of Uzbekistan. In ancient times, it was sited along a canal in the Oxus delta region.

There is some relationship between Koi Krylgan Kala and Toprak-Kala, 30 km to the northwest.[1] It is a temple complex of the Chorasmian Dynasty, an Iranian people who ruled the area of Khwarezm. It was built in the 4th-3rd century BCE.[2] The Apa-Saka tribe destroyed it c. 200 BCE, but later it was rebuilt into a settlement, which lasted until c. 400 CE.[3] It was discovered in 1938 by Sergey Pavlovitch Tolstov, leader of the Chorasmian Archaeological-Ethnological Expedition. It contained a Mazdian fire temple and was decorated with frescos of wine consumption.

The explorer Sergey Tolstov drew a reconstruction of the ancient fortress.[4]

Notes

  1. ^ Welcome to Uzbekistan, 1997
  2. ^ KIDD, F.; CLEARY, M. NEGUS; YAGODIN, V. N.; BETTS, A.; BRITE, E. BAKER (2004). "Ancient Chorasmian Mural Art". Bulletin of the Asia Institute. 18: 77. ISSN 0890-4464.
  3. ^ Eshan 1983,1136
  4. ^ Jettmar, Karl (1967). "The Middle Asiatic Heritage of Dardistan. (Islamic Collective Tombs in Punyal and Their Background)" (PDF). East and West. 17 (1/2): 59–82, Fig. 10. ISSN 0012-8376.

References

  • Yar-Shater, Ehsan (1983). The Cambridge history of Iran. Cambridge University Press. pp. 1488 pages. ISBN 0-521-24693-8.
  • Eduljee, K. E. (2007). "Zoroastrian Heritage". Heritage Institute. Retrieved 27 July 2009.
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