Kivalliq Region

Kivalliq Region
ᑭᕙᓪᓕᖅ
Communities of the Kivalliq
Location in Nunavut
Location in Nunavut
CountryCanada
TerritoryNunavut
Regional centreRankin Inlet
Area
 • Total444,621.71 km2 (171,669.40 sq mi)
Population
 • Total10,413
 • Density0.023/km2 (0.061/sq mi)

The Kivalliq Region (/kɪˈvælɪk/; Inuktitut syllabics: ᑭᕙᓪᓕᖅ[pronunciation?]) is an administrative region of Nunavut, Canada. It consists of the portion of the mainland to the west of Hudson Bay together with Southampton Island and Coats Island. The regional centre is Rankin Inlet. The population was 10,413 in the 2016 Census, an increase of 16.3% from the 2011 Census.[1]

Before 1999, Kivalliq Region existed under slightly different boundaries as Keewatin Region, Northwest Territories. Although the Kivalliq name became official in 1999, Statistics Canada has continued to refer to the area as Keewatin Region, Nunavut in publications such as the Census.[1] Most references to the area as "Keewatin" have generally been phased out by Nunavut-based bodies, as that name was originally rooted in a region of northwestern Ontario derived from a Cree dialect, and only saw application onto Inuit-inhabited lands because of the boundaries of the now-defunct District of Keewatin.

Geology

Map of post-glacial rebound

The Kivalliq Region is experiencing the world's highest rate of post-glacial rebound (as much as 17 mm (0.67 in) per year).

Communities

The remainder of the region is referred to as Keewatin, Unorganized by Statistics Canada.

Climate

The Kivalliq Region has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc) and a tundra climate (ET). However, it is almost entirely above the tree line. Temperatures stay below freezing from late September to early June, and peak at around 10 °C (50 °F) in July. Days are much longer in summer than in winter.

Climate data for Arviat (Arviat Airport)
Climate ID: 2300MKF; coordinates 61°06′N 94°04′W / 61.100°N 94.067°W / 61.100; -94.067 (Arviat Airport); elevation: 10.4 m (34 ft); 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1973–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −1.5
(29.3)
−1.5
(29.3)
3.5
(38.3)
4.0
(39.2)
14.5
(58.1)
30.8
(87.4)
33.9
(93.0)
30.0
(86.0)
23.0
(73.4)
18.1
(64.6)
2.1
(35.8)
−0.4
(31.3)
33.9
(93.0)
Average high °C (°F) −25.4
(−13.7)
−24.2
(−11.6)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−9.1
(15.6)
−1.2
(29.8)
7.7
(45.9)
15.1
(59.2)
14.2
(57.6)
7.3
(45.1)
−1.0
(30.2)
−12.0
(10.4)
−20.3
(−4.5)
−5.6
(21.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −29.3
(−20.7)
−28.3
(−18.9)
−22.8
(−9.0)
−14.0
(6.8)
−4.3
(24.3)
4.4
(39.9)
11.1
(52.0)
10.8
(51.4)
4.8
(40.6)
−3.6
(25.5)
−16.1
(3.0)
−24.1
(−11.4)
−9.3
(15.3)
Average low °C (°F) −33.1
(−27.6)
−32.4
(−26.3)
−27.5
(−17.5)
−18.7
(−1.7)
−7.4
(18.7)
1.0
(33.8)
7.0
(44.6)
7.3
(45.1)
2.2
(36.0)
−6.2
(20.8)
−20.1
(−4.2)
−27.9
(−18.2)
−13.0
(8.6)
Record low °C (°F) −48.3
(−54.9)
−47.0
(−52.6)
−41.5
(−42.7)
−36.7
(−34.1)
−26.7
(−16.1)
−11.0
(12.2)
−4.0
(24.8)
−0.6
(30.9)
−8.3
(17.1)
−26.0
(−14.8)
−34.0
(−29.2)
−42.5
(−44.5)
−48.3
(−54.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 10.1
(0.40)
6.6
(0.26)
11.4
(0.45)
12.5
(0.49)
18.2
(0.72)
29.6
(1.17)
36.7
(1.44)
56.0
(2.20)
44.0
(1.73)
24.5
(0.96)
18.6
(0.73)
18.3
(0.72)
286.5
(11.28)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.5
(0.02)
6.1
(0.24)
26.3
(1.04)
36.7
(1.44)
56.0
(2.20)
41.2
(1.62)
7.6
(0.30)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
174.4
(6.87)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 10.1
(4.0)
6.6
(2.6)
11.4
(4.5)
12.1
(4.8)
12.1
(4.8)
3.2
(1.3)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
2.8
(1.1)
16.9
(6.7)
18.8
(7.4)
18.3
(7.2)
112.4
(44.3)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 7.4 7.2 9.1 7.1 7.6 8.0 8.9 14.1 12.6 10.8 10.3 8.1 111.3
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 2.0 7.4 8.9 14.1 11.6 2.8 0.0 0.0 47.0
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 7.4 7.2 9.1 7.0 5.8 0.8 0.0 0.0 1.1 8.2 10.3 8.1 65.0
Average relative humidity (%) 69.1 69.9 74.4 79.8 84.6 76.8 72.7 74.7 74.6 84.1 80.7 73.3 76.2
Source: Environment and Climate Change Canada[9][10]


Climate data for Rankin Inlet (Rankin Inlet Airport)
WMO ID: 71083; coordinates 62°49′N 92°07′W / 62.817°N 92.117°W / 62.817; -92.117 (Rankin Inlet Airport); elevation: 32.3 m (106 ft); 1981–2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high humidex −3.0 −4.4 1.1 2.5 13.4 26.3 32.2 31.8 21.8 11.7 1.4 0.8 32.2
Record high °C (°F) −2.5
(27.5)
−4.4
(24.1)
1.3
(34.3)
3.4
(38.1)
14.1
(57.4)
26.1
(79.0)
28.9
(84.0)
30.5
(86.9)
20.6
(69.1)
11.8
(53.2)
1.5
(34.7)
0.9
(33.6)
30.5
(86.9)
Average high °C (°F) −27.3
(−17.1)
−26.1
(−15.0)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−11.1
(12.0)
−2.4
(27.7)
7.9
(46.2)
14.9
(58.8)
13.1
(55.6)
6.3
(43.3)
−1.9
(28.6)
−13.0
(8.6)
−21.9
(−7.4)
−6.9
(19.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −30.8
(−23.4)
−29.9
(−21.8)
−25.0
(−13.0)
−15.6
(3.9)
−5.8
(21.6)
4.2
(39.6)
10.5
(50.9)
9.7
(49.5)
3.8
(38.8)
−4.6
(23.7)
−17.0
(1.4)
−25.7
(−14.3)
−10.5
(13.1)
Average low °C (°F) −34.4
(−29.9)
−33.6
(−28.5)
−29.2
(−20.6)
−20.1
(−4.2)
−9.0
(15.8)
0.5
(32.9)
6.1
(43.0)
6.2
(43.2)
1.3
(34.3)
−7.3
(18.9)
−20.9
(−5.6)
−29.4
(−20.9)
−14.2
(6.4)
Record low °C (°F) −46.1
(−51.0)
−49.8
(−57.6)
−43.4
(−46.1)
−35.7
(−32.3)
−23.8
(−10.8)
−9.4
(15.1)
−1.9
(28.6)
−1.4
(29.5)
−9.0
(15.8)
−27.4
(−17.3)
−36.5
(−33.7)
−43.6
(−46.5)
−49.8
(−57.6)
Record low wind chill −66.8 −70.5 −64.4 −53.6 −35.9 −17.6 −5.3 −8.8 −18.1 −42.7 −55.3 −62.4 −70.5
Average precipitation mm (inches) 8.7
(0.34)
8.2
(0.32)
12.3
(0.48)
19.9
(0.78)
19.5
(0.77)
26.6
(1.05)
42.0
(1.65)
57.4
(2.26)
42.9
(1.69)
38.0
(1.50)
21.7
(0.85)
12.8
(0.50)
310.1
(12.21)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
1.1
(0.04)
7.0
(0.28)
22.1
(0.87)
41.9
(1.65)
57.2
(2.25)
39.1
(1.54)
12.9
(0.51)
0.3
(0.01)
0.1
(0.00)
181.8
(7.16)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 8.9
(3.5)
8.5
(3.3)
12.5
(4.9)
19.2
(7.6)
13.0
(5.1)
4.6
(1.8)
0.1
(0.0)
0.2
(0.1)
3.8
(1.5)
25.5
(10.0)
22.4
(8.8)
13.3
(5.2)
131.9
(51.9)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 7.8 6.6 9.0 8.5 8.7 7.7 10.4 13.2 12.7 14.9 12.6 10.0 122.1
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 2.3 6.3 10.4 13.2 10.5 4.2 0.4 0.1 48.4
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 7.8 6.7 9.0 8.2 7.1 2.0 0.1 0.1 3.3 12.4 12.5 10.0 79.3
Average relative humidity (%) 66.2 67.3 71.3 79.0 82.3 72.3 66.6 70.6 76.3 84.5 78.4 70.2 73.7
Source: Environment and Climate Change Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010[11]


Protected areas

Demographics

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Kivalliq Region had a population of 11,045 living in 2,719 of its 3,193 total private dwellings, a change of 6.1% from its 2016 population of 10,413. With a land area of 434,331.16 km2 (167,696.20 sq mi), it had a population density of 0.0/km2 (0.1/sq mi) in 2021.[12]

References

  1. ^ a b "Census Profile, 2016 Census Keewatin, Region". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved March 5, 2017.
  2. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Arviat". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 18, 2017.
  3. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Baker Lake". Statistics Canada. Retrieved February 18, 2017.
  4. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Chesterfield Inlet". Statistics Canada. Retrieved February 18, 2017.
  5. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Coral Harbour". Statistics Canada. Retrieved February 18, 2017.
  6. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Naujaat". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 18, 2017.
  7. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Rankin Inlet". Statistics Canada. Retrieved February 18, 2017.
  8. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Whale Cove". Statistics Canada. Retrieved February 18, 2017.
  9. ^ "Arviat A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Climate ID: 2300MKF. Retrieved April 13, 2022.
  10. ^ "Arviat Climate". Canadian Climate Data. Environment and Climate Change Canada. October 31, 2011. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  11. ^ "Rankin Inlet A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment and Climate Change Canada. Climate ID: 2303401. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
  12. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada and census divisions". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved April 3, 2022.

Further reading

  • Aldene Meis Mason, Leo Paul Dana, and Robert Brent Anderson, "Entrepreneurship in Coral Harbour, Nunavut" International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation 9 (2), June 2008, pp. 1–10.
  • Aldene Meis Mason, Leo Paul Dana, and Robert Brent Anderson, "A Study of Enterprise in Rankin Inlet, Nunavut: Where Subsistence Self-employment Meets Formal Entrepreneurship," International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business 7 (1), January 2009, pp. 1–23.
  • Aldene Meis Mason, Leo Paul Dana, Robert Brent Anderson, "The Inuit Commercial Caribou Harvest and Related Agri-Food Industries in Nunavut," International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business 4 (6) 2007, pp. 785–806.
  • Brown, Marc Allen. Towards Contextually Appropriate Planning Practice Evaluating the Role of Planning in the Kivalliq Community Planning Project. Ottawa: Library and Archives Canada = Bibliothèque et Archives Canada, 2005. ISBN 0-612-97034-5
  • Dredge, L. A., and I. McMartin. Postglacial marine deposits and marine limit determinations, inner Wager Bay area, Kivalliq region, Nunavut. [Ottawa]: Geological Survey of Canada, 2005. ISBN 0-662-40388-6
  • Loughery S, A Macaulay, M Fricke, A Durcan, and J Cooper. 2004. "Speech Language Pathology Services in Kivalliq Region of Nunavut, Canada". International Journal of Circumpolar Health. 63: 120–3.
  • McMartin, I., and L. A. Dredge. History of ice flow in the Schultz Lake and Wager Bay areas, Kivalliq region, Nunavut. Ottawa, Ont: Geological Survey of Canada, 2005. ISBN 0-662-39974-9
  • Upstairs Gallery (Winnipeg). Nunavut Celebrated Sculptures from Nunavut with Emphasis on Older Works from the Kivalliq (Keewatin) Region. Winnipeg: Upstairs Gallery, 1999.

External links

  • Kivalliq Region information at Explore Nunavut
  • kivalliq.com - photos, information, links from Rankin Inlet Nunavut

Coordinates: 67°23′N 088°00′W / 67.383°N 88.000°W / 67.383; -88.000 (Kivalliq Region)

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