Kasama, Zambia

Kasama
Nickname: 
Aba saamike akatambala ku chimuti
Kasama is located in Zambia
Kasama
Kasama
Location in Zambia
Coordinates: 10°12′42″S 31°10′42″E / 10.21167°S 31.17833°E / -10.21167; 31.17833
CountryFlag of Zambia.svg Zambia
ProvinceNorthern Province
DistrictKasama District
Elevation
4,508 ft (1,374 m)
Population
 (2010 census)
 • Total101,845
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)
ClimateCwa

Kasama is a city in the Northern Province of Zambia. It serves as the provincial capital and the headquarters of Kasama District.[1]

Location

It is situated on the central-southern African plateau, approximately 856 kilometres (532 mi), by road, north-east of Lusaka, the capital and largest city in Zambia.[2]

Kasama is located on the M1 road (old Great North Road) from Mpika in the south to Mbala and Mpulungu, at the tip of Lake Tanganyika, in the north.

Population

The city population grew considerably in the 1970s and 1980s after construction of the TAZARA Railway through the city, and the tarring of the Great North Road, Zambia. Its population, according to Encyclopedia Britannica, was 74,243 in 2000 and had increased to 113,779 in 2010.[3]

History

In 1898/1899, a crisis over the succession of the Chitimukulu led to Bishop Joseph 'Moto Moto' Dupont gaining the agreement of Bemba chiefs to the British colonial Administrator of North-Eastern Rhodesia, Robert Codrington taking control of the area. Codrington established a boma at Kasama and the town's central location as well as its closeness to Chitimukulu's court led to it eventually becoming the largest and dominant town of the north-eastern lobe of what became Northern Rhodesia, then later, Zambia.

Economic activities

The town has a few modern facilities, among them are a Shoprite Checkers branch, Budget Stores, a local supermarket called PJT and four bakeries. The town has branches of Zambian commercial banks including Zambia National Commercial Bank, National Savings & Credit Bank, Atlas Mara Bank Zambia Limited, Standard Chartered Zambia, Cavmont Bank, Barclays Bank of Zambia, Access Bank Zambia and Indo-Zambia Bank Limited. The town has VISA and ATM services.[1]

Most people in Kasama are not formally employed and they run small businesses to earn a living. The hospital is the Kasama General Hospital, that provides locals with health services. The city has a police station and several police posts. The available mobile telephone operators include MTN Group, Airtel Zambia and Zamtel.[1]

There are several Agri Based industries in Kasama, which include Northern Coffee Company Limited (NCCL), a subsidiary of Olam International, growing coffee at Kateshi Estates,[4] and Kalungwishi Estates growing sugar cane and producing the Kasama Sugar brand.

Ethnic Groups

Kasama is in the heartland of the Bemba ethnic group,[1] whose Paramount Chief Chitimukulu maintains his headquarters 9 kilometres (6 mi) from Malole, which is 51 kilometres (32 mi) east of the city center.[5]

Suburbs

Kasama has the following residential compounds within the district council boundaries:

  • Central Town (the largest)
  • New Town or Mbulo
  • Location
  • Mukulumpe
  • Chikumanino

The compounds below are out of the council boundary:

  • Mulenga Hills
  • Jazz
  • Tazara
  • Misamfu
  • Milima
  • Chiba
  • Chitamba
  • Brown
  • Winberg
  • Kasama Village
  • Kungu
  • Mutale/Milenge
  • Chisanga
  • Soft Katongo
  • Lua Luo

Transport

Kasama is served by a good network of major highways. It is on the M1 road, which goes south to Mpika and north to Mbala. The M3 road connects Kasama with Luwingu, Mansa and the Congo Pedicle in the west. The D18 road connects Kasama with Mungwi and Isoka in the east.

The 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) gauge TAZARA Railway connects Tanzania to the north-east via Kasama, with Zambia Railways at Kapiri Mposhi to the south-west.

Air transport is accessible through Kasama Airport. It can accommodate small aircraft, and it is undergoing an upgrade to be able to accommodate larger aircraft. It was expected to be ready by the end of 2017.[6]

Recreation

Mutumuna Falls
Chishimba Falls

Kasama recreational facilities include the Kasama golf club, which also offers tennis, volleyball, badminton, body building, and a small football ground with one stand that can seat less than a thousand people. The town has other football grounds where people can play soccer.[citation needed]

There are resorts at Chishimba Falls and guest houses and lodges such as the Chinchi's Nest and Kings Guest House, and 3 nightclubs.[citation needed]


Rivers

Kasama District has five big rivers and these include, Chambeshi, Lukulu, Lukupa, Lubansenshi and Luombe. The Chishimba Falls are found across the Luombe River and are one of the major tourist attraction in Zambia. The falls host the 15 megawatts Chishimba Hydroelectric Power Station.[7]

Climate

Climate data for Kasama
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30.5
(86.9)
31.2
(88.2)
31.5
(88.7)
31.2
(88.2)
31.3
(88.3)
30.6
(87.1)
30.0
(86.0)
32.4
(90.3)
36.5
(97.7)
35.6
(96.1)
34.8
(94.6)
32.0
(89.6)
36.5
(97.7)
Average high °C (°F) 26.3
(79.3)
26.8
(80.2)
26.8
(80.2)
26.5
(79.7)
26.0
(78.8)
24.9
(76.8)
24.9
(76.8)
26.9
(80.4)
29.8
(85.6)
30.9
(87.6)
28.9
(84.0)
26.7
(80.1)
27.1
(80.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 19.7
(67.5)
19.9
(67.8)
20.2
(68.4)
20.2
(68.4)
18.9
(66.0)
17.2
(63.0)
17.1
(62.8)
18.9
(66.0)
21.8
(71.2)
23.1
(73.6)
21.6
(70.9)
20.1
(68.2)
19.9
(67.8)
Average low °C (°F) 16.1
(61.0)
16.2
(61.2)
16.1
(61.0)
15.2
(59.4)
12.5
(54.5)
9.6
(49.3)
9.3
(48.7)
11.0
(51.8)
13.8
(56.8)
15.9
(60.6)
16.4
(61.5)
16.2
(61.2)
14.0
(57.2)
Record low °C (°F) 8.2
(46.8)
13.3
(55.9)
12.2
(54.0)
9.8
(49.6)
2.4
(36.3)
1.0
(33.8)
2.5
(36.5)
4.7
(40.5)
8.5
(47.3)
11.4
(52.5)
12.6
(54.7)
10.9
(51.6)
1.0
(33.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 285.3
(11.23)
242.8
(9.56)
233.1
(9.18)
91.3
(3.59)
10.5
(0.41)
0.4
(0.02)
0.1
(0.00)
0.1
(0.00)
3.0
(0.12)
23.3
(0.92)
158.3
(6.23)
295.0
(11.61)
1,343.2
(52.88)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 23 20 20 8 1 0 0 0 0 3 14 24 113
Average relative humidity (%) 82.7 82.3 82.1 77.3 69.5 63.2 57.6 51.9 44.4 50.2 67.4 80.6 67.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 133.3 134.4 179.8 222.0 288.3 297.0 306.9 306.9 279.0 251.1 207.0 151.9 2,757.6
Source: NOAA[8]

World War I

Chambeshi Monument commemorating notification of von Lettow-Vorbeck of the signing of the armistice at the end of WWI, 3 days after the end of the war in Europe.

At the end of World War I, when it consisted of a handful of government offices and a dozen stores, it was evacuated by its British population of a couple of dozen in the face of a surprise raid from the north-east by German East African forces under General Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck. Not knowing that the armistice had occurred in Europe the day before, the Germans took the abandoned town on 12 November 1918 and continued south-west (there was no battle at Kasama since the British imperial forces were at Abercorn), agreeing a cease-fire at the Chambeshi River on 14 November when they were informed of the German surrender in Europe. For further details, see Von Lettow-Vorbeck Memorial.

Art

Kasama is known for the Stone Age rock art in the surrounding area. The Chishimba Falls also lie near the town.

Notable People

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Zambia Advisor (4 October 2018). "About Kasama Town, Northern Province, Zambia". Zambia-Advisor.com. Retrieved 4 October 2018. {{cite web}}: |author= has generic name (help)
  2. ^ Globefeed.com (4 October 2018). "Distance between Lusaka, Zambia and Kasama, Zambia". Globefeed.com. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
  3. ^ The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica (4 October 2018). "Population of Kasama Town, Zambia". Chicago, Illinois, United States: Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
  4. ^ "Zambia". Olam. Olam International. Retrieved 12 February 2020.
  5. ^ Globefeed.com (4 October 2018). "Distance between Kasama, Zambia and Malole, Zambia". Globefeed.com. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
  6. ^ Sinyangwe, Henry (25 November 2016). "Kasama: Mix of cultural heritage, rapid economic growth". Zambia Daily Mail. Lusaka. Retrieved 4 October 2015.
  7. ^ Teresia Njoroge (15 August 2021). "Zambia to rehabilitate US $46m Chishimba falls power station". Construction Review Online. Nairobi, Kenya. Retrieved 16 May 2022.
  8. ^ "Kasama MET Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
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