Kapp Toscana Group

Kapp Toscana Group
Stratigraphic range: Longobardian
~242–235 Ma
TypeGroup
Sub-unitsTschermakfjellet, De Geerdalen & Wilhelmøya Formations
UnderliesAdventdalen Group
 Knorringfjellet Formation
OverliesSassendalen Group
Thickness8–500 m (26–1,640 ft)
Lithology
PrimarySiltstone
Location
Coordinates77°30′N 14°54′E / 77.5°N 14.9°E / 77.5; 14.9Coordinates: 77°30′N 14°54′E / 77.5°N 14.9°E / 77.5; 14.9
Approximate paleocoordinates41°42′N 2°30′E / 41.7°N 2.5°E / 41.7; 2.5
RegionSvalbard & Jan Mayen, Barents Sea
Country Norway
Type section
Named forKapp Toscana
Kapp Toscana Group is located in Svalbard
Kapp Toscana Group
Kapp Toscana Group (Svalbard)

The Kapp Toscana Group is a geologic group in Svalbard and Jan Mayen in the Barents Sea, Norway.[1]

Description

The group dates back to the Late Triassic, and comprises the rock formations of Tschermakfjellet, De Geerdalen and Wilhelmøya.[2] The group is named from the headland of Kapp Toscana at the southern side of Van Keulenfjorden in Wedel Jarlsberg Land at Spitsbergen, Svalbard.[3] The thickness of the group varies from 8–500 metres (26–1,640 ft) of deltaic shales with interbedded sandstones.[4]

The Kapp Toscana Group was initially defined as a formation,[5] but has later become a group.[6] The type section was taken from Kapp Toscana at Van Keulenfjorden, where the thickness of the unit was 200 metres (660 ft), while its two members Tschermakfjellet and De Geerdalen had type sections from Botneheia.[7]

References

  1. ^ Reinodden KT1 (Triassic of Svalbard and Jan Mayen) at Fossilworks.org
  2. ^ Harland 1997: p. 348–350
  3. ^ Harland 1997: p. 348
  4. ^ Harland 1997: p. 348
  5. ^ Buchan 1965: pp. 24–26
  6. ^ Harland 1997: p. 345
  7. ^ Buchan 1965: pp. 24–26

Bibliography

  • Buchan, S.H.; Challinor, A.; Harland, W. Brian; Parker, J.R. (1965). The Triassic Stratigraphy of Svalbard. Oslo: Norsk Polarinstitutt.
  • Harland, W. Brian (1997). The Geology of Svalbard. London: The Geological Society. ISBN 1-897799-93-4.


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