Kandangan

Kandangan
District gate of Kandangan
District gate of Kandangan
Kandangan is located in Kalimantan
Kandangan
Kandangan
Coordinates: 2°47′S 115°16′E / 2.783°S 115.267°E / -2.783; 115.267Coordinates: 2°47′S 115°16′E / 2.783°S 115.267°E / -2.783; 115.267
CountryIndonesia
ProvinceSouth Kalimantan
RegencySouth Hulu Sungai
Area
 • Total106.71 km2 (41.20 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)
 • Total51,847
 • Density490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (WITA)
Area code+62 517

Kandangan is a district and the regency seat of South Hulu Sungai Regency in South Kalimantan province. The district has an area of 106.71 square kilometers. According to mid 2021 estimates, the population of the district was 49,204 people spread across 18 villages.

Geography

The district borders Angkinang district of Central Hulu Sungai Regency in the north and east, Sungai Raya district in the south, and South Daha district in the west.[1]

Climate

Kandangan has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) with moderate rainfall in August and September and heavy rainfall in the remaining months.

Climate data for Kandangan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.7
(85.5)
30.3
(86.5)
30.5
(86.9)
31.0
(87.8)
31.1
(88.0)
30.7
(87.3)
30.7
(87.3)
31.3
(88.3)
31.7
(89.1)
31.9
(89.4)
31.1
(88.0)
30.2
(86.4)
30.9
(87.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.2
(79.2)
26.6
(79.9)
26.7
(80.1)
27.1
(80.8)
27.1
(80.8)
26.6
(79.9)
26.3
(79.3)
26.6
(79.9)
26.9
(80.4)
27.3
(81.1)
27.0
(80.6)
26.5
(79.7)
26.7
(80.1)
Average low °C (°F) 22.7
(72.9)
22.9
(73.2)
23.0
(73.4)
23.2
(73.8)
23.2
(73.8)
22.5
(72.5)
22.0
(71.6)
22.0
(71.6)
22.2
(72.0)
22.7
(72.9)
22.9
(73.2)
22.9
(73.2)
22.7
(72.8)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 306
(12.0)
301
(11.9)
289
(11.4)
229
(9.0)
193
(7.6)
127
(5.0)
128
(5.0)
107
(4.2)
108
(4.3)
157
(6.2)
247
(9.7)
325
(12.8)
2,517
(99.1)
Source: Climate-Data.org[2]

Demographics

According to Statistics Indonesia, population estimates of the district on 2019 was 51,847. This consisted of 25,808 male population and 26,039 female population. Compared to 2018 figure, the amount of population was a slight increase of 0.936%. Gender ratio as of 2019 was there are 99 male population for every 100 female population. Majority of district population is muslim with figure of 99.64% on 2019. However, there are minorities such as Hindu, Buddhist, and Christiant population. Kandangan Kota is the most dense subdistrict with density of 3,830 per square kilometers while the least dense subdistrict was Bangkau village with figure 93 per square kilometers.[1]

Economy

Agriculture & plantation is an important part of the district's economy, as there were 4,482 hectares of irrigated paddy fields in the district. On 2018, the district produced 18,620 tons from paddy fields and 287 tons of cassava. Other than that, the district also produces 4,430 tons of chili, 209 tons of citrus fruit, and 1,078 tons of coconut. Livestock population in the district consisted of cows with population of 561, goats with population of 738, and chicken with population of 85,614. Fish catch in the district was 2,017 tons while farmed fish was 176 tons. Other productions include spinach, tomato, cucumber, and banana.[1]

There are eight hotels and 154 registered restaurants in the district as of 2019. Other than that, there are also 57 registered cooperatives, seven state-owned bank branches, two private bank branches, and one BPR (People's Credit Bank).[1]

Governance

Kandangan district office building

As a district, it is a third-level administrative region under a regency. A district head (camat) is appointed directly by the regent with recommendation from the regency secretary. Kandangan itself has no parliament.[3][4] It is divided into 18 subdistricts; consist of 14 villages (desa) and 4 urban villages (kelurahan), differences between the two are merely name and that of village is more rural and less populated than urban village. On administrative level, they both are equal subdivision.[5][6][1] Below are the list of subdistricts.[1]

Urban villages (Kelurahan)

  • Jambu Hilir
  • West Kandangan
  • Kandangan Kota
  • North Kandangan

Villages (Desa)

  • Amawang Kanan
  • Amawang Kiri
  • Amawang Kiri Muka
  • Baluti
  • Bangkau
  • Bariang
  • Gambah Dalam
  • West Gambah Dalam
  • Gambah Luar
  • Gambah Luar Muka
  • Lungau
  • Sungai Kupang
  • Sungai Paring
  • Tibung Raya

On regency level, the district is part of South Hulu Sungai 1st electoral district together with Sungai Raya, Simpur, and Kalumpang, sends 11 out of 30 representatives to regency's parliament. The last election was on 2019 and the next one would be on 2024.[7]

Infrastructure

Hasan Basry Regional Hospital, one of main public hospital in the district

There are 50 elementary schools, 13 junior highschools, 5 senior highschools, and 2 vocational higshcools in the district. There's only one higher education institution in the district, Darul Umum Islamic College. On healthcare, the district has two hospitals; one of them is a maternity hospital, ten puskesmas, and 14 healthcare centers. In addition, there are 12 registered pharmacies. There are exactly 158 mosques and one church in the district. All 18 subdistricts and villages within the district has access to electricity and the main road has adequate street lamp as of 2019. All electricity is supplied and subsidized by Perusahaan Listrik Negara, state-owned electric company.[1]

Total length of roads in the district is 131.27 kilometers, from which all have been paved with asphalt and in general have good condition according to Statistics Indonesia on 2019. There are 28 operational base transceiver station in the district as of 2019, and the district have access to 4G as of 2018.[1][8]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "BPS Kab. Hulu Sungai Selatan". hulusungaiselatankab.bps.go.id. Archived from the original on 2021-05-03. Retrieved 2021-05-03.
  2. ^ "Climate: Kandangan". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  3. ^ Government Law No.19 1998
  4. ^ "PP No. 17 Tahun 2018 tentang Kecamatan [JDIH BPK RI]". peraturan.bpk.go.id. Archived from the original on 2021-04-17. Retrieved 2021-04-25.
  5. ^ Permendagri 31/2006
  6. ^ Noor, Lintang. "Perbedaan Desa dan Kelurahan". Archived from the original on 2022-10-16. Retrieved 2021-05-04. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  7. ^ "Kep-KPU 285 Kalsel" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-12-10. Retrieved 2021-05-04.
  8. ^ Haryanto, Agus Tri. "Indosat Kian Selimuti Kalimantan Selatan dengan 4G Plus". detikinet (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 2021-05-04. Retrieved 2021-05-04.
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