Jusayr

Jusayr
جسير
Etymology: "the little bridge"[1]
Historical map series for the area of Jusayr (1870s).jpg 1870s map
Historical map series for the area of Jusayr (1940s).jpg 1940s map
Historical map series for the area of Jusayr (modern).jpg modern map
Historical map series for the area of Jusayr (1940s with modern overlay).jpg 1940s with modern overlay map
A series of historical maps of the area around Jusayr (click the buttons)
Jusayr is located in Mandatory Palestine
Jusayr
Jusayr
Location within Mandatory Palestine
Coordinates: 31°39′25″N 34°46′15″E / 31.65694°N 34.77083°E / 31.65694; 34.77083Coordinates: 31°39′25″N 34°46′15″E / 31.65694°N 34.77083°E / 31.65694; 34.77083
Palestine grid128/118
Geopolitical entityMandatory Palestine
SubdistrictGaza
Date of depopulationJuly 17–18, 1948[4]
Area
[3]
 • Total12,361 dunams (12.361 km2 or 4.773 sq mi)
Population
 (1945)
 • Total1,180[2][3]
Cause(s) of depopulationMilitary assault by Yishuv forces
Current LocalitiesMenuha,[5] Wardon[5]

Jusayr was a Palestinian Arab village in the Gaza Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War on July 17, 1948, under Operation Barak or Operation Yo'av. It was located 35 km northeast of Gaza.

History

Ceramics from the Byzantine era have been found here.[6]

Ottoman era

In 1517, Jusayr was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire with the rest of Palestine, and in 1596 the village appeared in the Ottoman tax registers as being in the nahiya (subdistrict) of Gaza under the Liwa of Gaza. It had a population of 60 household;[7] an estimated population of 330.[8] The whole population was Muslim.[7] It paid a fixed tax rate of 25% on a number of crops, including wheat, barley, summer crops, vineyards, fruit trees, goats, beehives, as well as on "occasional revenues"; a total of 12,180 Akçe.[7]

In 1838, Edward Robinson noted el Juseir as a Muslim village, located in the Gaza district.[9][10]

In 1863 Victor Guérin visited the village, which he found to have 500 inhabitants,[11] while an Ottoman village list from about 1870 found that the village had a population of 296, in a total of 119 houses, though the population count included men, only.[12][13]

In 1883 the PEF's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described it as being an adobe village on flat ground.[14]

British Mandate era

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Jusayr had a population of 579 inhabitants, all Muslims,[15] increasing in the 1931 census to 839 Muslims, in a total of 246 houses.[16]

Jusayr 1931 1:20,000

By the 1945 statistics, Jusayr had a population of 1180 Muslims,[2] with a total of 12,361 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[3] Of this, 11,852 dunams were used for cereals,[17] while 54 dunams were built-up land.[18]

Jusayr 1945 1:250,000

Jusayr had an elementary school for boys which was founded in 1937, and by 1945, it had 74 students.[8]

Jusayr 1948 1:20,000

Post 1948

In 1992 the village site was described: "One concrete, flat-roofed house still stands in the middle of a peach orchard. Its front facade has two rectangular windows and a rectangular entrance in the middle. The debris of houses among tall grasses and weeds is visible. A garbage dump is now located on the site, as well as buildings that belong to an Israeli settlement. The surrounding lands are cultivated."[5]

References

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 368
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 31
  3. ^ a b c Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 46
  4. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xix, village #300. Also gives cause for depopulation
  5. ^ a b c Khalidi, 1992, p. 118
  6. ^ Dauphin, 1992, p. 873
  7. ^ a b c Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 147
  8. ^ a b Khalidi, 1992, p. 117
  9. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 2, p. 369
  10. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 118
  11. ^ Guérin, 1869, p. 122
  12. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 153
  13. ^ Hartmann, 1883, p. 133, also noted 119 houses
  14. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 260, Cited in Khalidi, 1992, p. 117
  15. ^ Barron, 1923, Table V, Sub-district of Gaza, p. 9
  16. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 4
  17. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 87
  18. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 137

Bibliography

  • Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
  • Conder, C.R.; Kitchener, H.H. (1883). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. Vol. 3. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
  • Dauphin, C. (1998). La Palestine byzantine, Peuplement et Populations. BAR International Series 726 (in French). Vol. III : Catalogue. Oxford: Archeopress. ISBN 0-860549-05-4.
  • Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
  • Guérin, V. (1869). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). Vol. 1: Judee, pt. 2. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
  • Hadawi, S. (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
  • Hartmann, M. (1883). "Die Ortschaftenliste des Liwa Jerusalem in dem türkischen Staatskalender für Syrien auf das Jahr 1288 der Flucht (1871)". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 6: 102–149.
  • Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.
  • Khalidi, W. (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
  • Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
  • Morris, B. (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6. (pp. 258-9, 414)
  • Nasser, G.A (1955/1973): "Memoirs" in Journal of Palestine Studies
    • "Memoirs of the First Palestine War”" no. 2 (Win. 73): 3-32], pdf-file, downloadable
  • Palmer, E.H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
  • Robinson, E.; Smith, E. (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the year 1838. Vol. 2. Boston: Crocker & Brewster.
  • Robinson, E.; Smith, E. (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the year 1838. Vol. 3. Boston: Crocker & Brewster.
  • Socin, A. (1879). "Alphabetisches Verzeichniss von Ortschaften des Paschalik Jerusalem". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 2: 135–163.

External links

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