Jingyuan County, Ningxia
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||1,128.67 km2 (435.78 sq mi)|
|• Density||90/km2 (230/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
Jingyuan County (simplified Chinese: 泾源县; traditional Chinese: 涇源縣; pinyin: Jīngyuán Xiàn, Xiao'erjing: ڭٍْيُوًا ثِيًا) is a county under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Guyuan in the south of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China, bordering Gansu province to the east, south, and southwest. The southernmost county-level division of Ningxia, it has a total area of 961 km2 (371 sq mi), and a population of approximately 120,000 people.[when?]
Jingyuan County, located at the southern tip of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, is the source of the Jing River. It is an agricultural region, with wheat being the primary crop. In recent years, the county has also begun to produce vegetables. The county government is located in the town of Xiangshui, and the county's postal code is 756400.
History and Demographics
According to the 1983 data, 96.8% of Jingyuan County's population (79,823 persons out of the then total population of 82,464) were Hui (Chinese Muslims) - the highest by far percentage of the Hui in any county-level jurisdiction in Ningxia or anywhere else in China. (Ningxia's county with second-highest percentage of Hui in its total population was Tongxin County, with 79.0% Hui). According to Dru C. Gladney, the area became so heavily Hui after the suppression of the Dungan revolt (1862–1877), when many Muslims fled to, or were forcibly relocated to this mountainous district, near the Liu Pan mountain range, from other, more strategically located areas which the government wanted to keep Hui-free. Even in modern times one can still see remains of Qing-era forts that were built on hilltops to monitor the potentially troublesome Hui settlers.
Jingyuan County has 3 towns and 4 townships.
- 3 towns
- Xiangshui (香水镇, ثِيَانْشُوِ جٍ)
- Liupanshan (六盘山镇, لِيُوپًاشًا جٍ)
- Jingheyuan (泾河源镇, ڭٍْحَيُوًا جٍ)
- 4 townships
- Dawan (大湾乡, دَاوًا ثِيَانْ)
- Huanghua (黄花乡, خُوَانْخُوَا ثِيَانْ)
- Xingsheng (兴盛乡, ثٍْشٍْ ثِيَانْ)
- Xinmin (新民乡, ثٍمٍ ثِيَانْ)
- Gladney (1991), pp. 119-120
- Gladney (1991), p. 39
- Dru C. Gladney, Muslim Chinese: Ethnic Nationalism in the People's Republic. 1st ed.: Harvard University Press, 1991, ISBN 0-674-59495-9; 2nd ed., 1996. ISBN 0-674-59497-5.