Jingning County, Gansu

Jingning County
静宁县
Jingning is located in Gansu
Jingning
Jingning
Location of the seat in Gansu
Coordinates: 35°24′N 105°42′E / 35.400°N 105.700°E / 35.400; 105.700Coordinates: 35°24′N 105°42′E / 35.400°N 105.700°E / 35.400; 105.700
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGansu
Prefecture-level cityPingliang
Area
 • Total2,193 km2 (847 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)
 • Total482,000
 • Density220/km2 (570/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
743400

Jingning County (simplified Chinese: 静宁县; traditional Chinese: 靜寧縣; pinyin: Jìngníng Xiàn) is an administrative district in Gansu, China. It is one of 58 counties of Gansu. It is part of the Pingliang prefecture, with the city of the same name being the prefecture seat. Its postal code is 743400, and in 2006 its population was 463,400 people.[1] Its county seat is Chengguan.

The county government's jurisdiction is over 19 townships, 392 villages, 2320 other communities and 4 neighbourhoods.

History

There is evidence of Neolithic settlements in Jingning. The area was also inhabited during most of Chinese history, including the Three Kingdoms period. Sites have been dated to the Qin Dynasty.[2]

During the Second Sino-Japanese War, the area was evacuated (1940). The Communist Long March entered Jingning on September 10, 1935. Mao Zedong set up a headquarters in Shi Pu. The Communists left the next month. However, the county was taken under Communist control by the People's Liberation Army during the Chinese Civil War. PLA troops entered on August 6, 1949. They met little resistance.

Geographical location

Map including Jingning (labeled as CHING-NING (walled) 靜𡩋) (AMS, 1954)

Located in the Loess Plateau, it is at an altitude of around 2000 meters. The county has an area of 2193 km². Out of its population of 463400, 444500 (95.92%) are registered as working in agriculture.[3] Ethnic Han and Hui make up most of the population.

Climate

The average annual temperature is 7.1 °C (44.8 °F), and the climate regime is classified as semi-arid. The area is frost-free for 159 days a year, and there are an average of 2238 hours of sunshine a year. The summer is the 'wet season' whereas the spring and the winter are drier. Average annual rainfall is 450.8 mm (17.75 in).[4]

Administrative divisions

Jingning County is divided to 1 subdistricts, 17 towns and 7 townships.[5]

Subdistricts
  • Chengqu (城区街道)
Towns
  • Chengguan (城关镇)
  • Weirong (威戎镇)
  • Jieshipu (界石铺镇)
  • Bali (八里镇)
  • Lidian (李店镇)
  • Gucheng (古城镇)
  • Renda (仁大镇)
  • Gangou (甘沟镇)
  • Chengchuan (城川镇)
  • Caowu (曹务镇)
  • Leida (雷大镇)
  • Sihe (四河镇)
  • Xixiang (细巷镇)
  • Shuangxian (双岘镇)
  • Zhiping (治平镇)
  • Hongsi (红寺镇)
  • Yuan'an (原安镇)
Townships
  • Siqiao Township(司桥乡)
  • Yuwan Township (余湾乡)
  • Jiahe Township(贾河乡)
  • Shengou Township(深沟乡)
  • Xindian Township(新店乡)
  • Sanhe Township(三合乡)
  • Lingzhi Township(灵芝乡)

Economy

Among the items it produces are wheat, potatoes, corn, millet, buckwheat, oats, sesame, rapeseed, apples, pears and vegetables. The county is environmentally diverse, with more than 70 species of tree existing within the county, including apple trees, pear trees and the ash tree. For fruit production, the south of the county is more prevalent for apples, whereas pears are grown in the north. Many other things are cultivated in the county, including lilacs, leeks, garlic and licorice.

Mining also makes up part of the economy; iron ore, lead, zinc, white clay, and limestone are all mined in places such as Gao Hui.

Transport

Natural resources

Wildlife

Jingning has a variety of diverse wildlife; tigers, bears, jackals, deer and Mongolian gazelle all inhabit the county. The county government registers 15 varieties of mammal as well as 27 types of bird in addition to 13 kinds of reptile and amphibians. Animals are also used in agriculture; pigs, cattle and chickens are the main animals used for farming. There are 31 varieties of rose grown in the county, along with many other varieties of wild flower.

Tourism

Attractions

"Wen Miao":The county boasts a Confucian temple named "Wen Miao" (or "Xian Shi Wen Miao", simplified Chinese: 先师文庙; traditional Chinese: 先師文廟) dating from 1543, built by scholar Ming Jiajing, and took 21 years to build, and it covers 18,076 m2 (194,570 sq ft). It was repaired by the Kangxi Emperor between 1692 and 1696. It was granted 'national heritage' status by the central government in 1993. On July 12 every year a festival is held there which usually attracts around 10,000 people. i "Jingning Mosque":Another antiquity is the mosque, built in 1536. Originally it covered only 700 m2 (7,500 sq ft), but with an influx of Muslims into the county, it was increased to 2,100 m2 (23,000 sq ft) in 1712.

"Wutai Mountain":Several famous mountains in Jingning such as the Wutai Mountain(also called Wenpingshan, not the Wutai Mountain in Shanxi Province),.

"Fengtai Mountain":also called Horse Stables Mountain.

"Saving Dragon Mountain"

"Cheng Ji Cultural City": been built to commemorate Fuxi.

"West Ling Mountain Park": is built recent years.

"Jieshipu Red Army Long March Memorial Museum ":to commemorate the Long March of the People's Liberation Army in the county seat.

"Immortal Gap"

"Pearl forest"

Notable people

  • Luo Yanlin, schoolteacher in Jingning County who was executed on September 10, 2008 for the rape of several schoolchildren.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Jingning County official website". Jingning County People's Government. 2006. Archived from the original on 2012-08-04. Retrieved 2008-10-13.
  2. ^ "Jingning County introduction". www.agri.com.cn. Archived from the original on 2012-07-16. Retrieved 2008-10-19.
  3. ^ "Jingning County official website". Jingning County People's Government. 2006. Archived from the original on 2012-08-04. Retrieved 2008-10-13.
  4. ^ "Jingning County official website". Jingning County People's Government. 2006. Archived from the original on 2012-08-04. Retrieved 2008-10-13.
  5. ^ "统计用区划代码 www.stats.gov.cn" (in Chinese). XZQH. Retrieved 2020-12-27.
  6. ^ "Chinese rapist teacher executed". Times of India. 2008-09-11. Retrieved 2008-10-19.

External links

  • Official website (Chinese)
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