Jethou

Jethou
Jethou, island in Channel islands.jpg
Jethou from Herm
Guernsey-Jethou.png
Location of Jethou (red) in the Bailiwick of Guernsey
Geography
Coordinates49°27′30″N 2°27′45″W / 49.45833°N 2.46250°W / 49.45833; -2.46250Coordinates: 49°27′30″N 2°27′45″W / 49.45833°N 2.46250°W / 49.45833; -2.46250
ArchipelagoChannel Islands
Adjacent toEnglish Channel
Administration
JurisdictionGuernsey
Demographics
Population3 (1996)
Additional information
MottoVigilare et admonere
Official nameHerm, Jethou and The Humps
Designated19 October 2015
Reference no.2277[1]
Jethou

Jethou (/ʒɛˈt/ zheh-TOO) is a small island that is part of the Bailiwick of Guernsey in the Channel Islands. It is privately leased from the Crown, and not open to the public. Resembling the top of a wooded knoll it is immediately south of Herm and covers approximately 0.18 km2.

History

There is evidence of flint manufacturing in an area exposed only at low water between the island and Crevichon which shows occupation around 10,000 BC.[2] It is said that in AD 709 a storm washed away the strip of land that connected the island with Herm.[3]

The Vikings called the island Keitholm.[4] The island's current name retains the related Norman -hou suffix, meaning small island or small hill.

In 1416, it became part of Henry V's estate and still remains Crown property, now leased to the States of Guernsey.

On the top is a marker. It is said that in earlier times, pirates were hanged on it with chains, as on nearby Crevichon.

Modern history

An aerial shot showing Jethou centre right next to its bigger neighbour Herm, with Sark in the background and the east coast of Guernsey.

In 1867 Lt Colonel Montague Fielden became the island's tenant. However he was discovered using the island as a storehouse for smuggling brandy from France.[4]

From 1920 to 1923 it was leased by the Scottish novelist Compton MacKenzie along with Herm and remained part of that estate for years, although it is currently part of a different one.[4]

From September 1964 until December 1971 the island was occupied by the Faed family – Angus Faed, his wife Susan Faed and their four children, Colin, Erik, Colette and Amanda. Mrs Susan Faed was the 22nd tenant of Jethou.[4]

In the 1950s and 60s the island was open to the public. During that period stamps were issued. Local stamps on the Bailiwick of Guernsey were banned on 1 October 1969, and the Isle of Jethou was closed to the public from 1970.[5]

In 1972, Charles Hayward, founder of the Firth Cleveland Group of Companies, purchased the Crown tenancy of the island and lived there with his wife Elsie Darnell George until his death in 1983.

In 1996 the island was leased by Sir Peter Ogden of IT company Computacenter.[6]

It was recognised in 2016 as an area of international environmental importance under the Ramsar Convention.[7]

It is flanked by two islets, Crevichon to the north and Fauconnière to the south. There is one house on the island and two cottages as well as a large garage where vehicles such as quad bikes and tractors are stored.

Governance

Unlike the largely autonomous islands of Sark and Alderney within the Bailiwick, Jethou is administered entirely by the States of Guernsey,[8] and elects members to the States of Deliberation as part of the St. Peter Port South electoral district.[9]

Wildlife

At the back (east) of Jethou, puffins can be seen swimming off the rocks.

Jethou in popular culture

The British 1957 musical Free as Air by Dorothy Reynolds and Julian Slade was set on the fictitious island of 'Terhou', which was based on Jethou.

Mary Gentle's 2007 novel Ilario: The Stone Golem has a villainous noblewoman exiled to a convent in Jethou.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Herm, Jethou and The Humps". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  2. ^ Cataroche, Jenny. The History and Archaeology of Jethou. L&C Press. ISBN 9781904332374.
  3. ^ [1] Archived August 16, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b c d "Jethou History". BBC. 22 April 2008.
  5. ^ Anders Backman. "Stamps issued from 1960 to 1969". silverdalen stamps (SE). Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  6. ^ Graham, Bob (30 January 1996). "When killers came to a rich man's playground". The Independent. Archived from the original on 8 June 2022. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  7. ^ "Herm and Jethou get Ramsar status". Guernsey Press. 28 January 2016. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  8. ^ [2] Archived 17 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ [3] Archived 30 December 2011 at the Wayback Machine

Bibliography

External links

  • Jethou homepage
  • Free Gutenberg Project book, Jethou; or, Crusoe Life in the Channel Isles by Ernest R. Suffling
  • Stamps from Isle of Jethou 1998 Stamps Catalogue by Anders Backman – Freenee
  • Island of Jethou at Britlink
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