Outline of Turkey

The location of Turkey

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Turkey:

Turkeysovereign Eurasian country that stretches across the Anatolian peninsula in Southwest Asia and Thrace (Rumelia) at the southeastern tip of the Balkan Peninsula in Southern Europe.[1] Turkey is a democratic, secular, unitary, constitutional republic whose political system was established in 1923 under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, following the fall of the Ottoman Empire in the aftermath of World War I.

General reference

Geography of Turkey

Turkey is a mountainous country.
Turkey has a coastline of 7,200km.
 Syria (outline) 822 km (511 mi)
 Iran (outline) 499 km (511 mi)
 Iraq (outline) 352 km (310 mi)
 Armenia (outline) 268 km (167 mi)
 Georgia (outline) 252 km (157 mi)
 Bulgaria (outline) 240 km (149 mi)
 Greece (outline) 206 km (5128 mi)
 Azerbaijan (outline) 9 km (6 mi)
  • Coastline: 7,200 km (4,474 mi)

Environment of Turkey

Turkish Angora is a distinctive breed from Ankara
Van cat is a distinctive cat breed that enjoys swimming

Geographic features of Turkey

Regions of Turkey

Ecoregions of Turkey

List of ecoregions in Turkey

Administrative divisions of Turkey

Administrative divisions of Turkey

Provinces of Turkey

Provinces of Turkey Turkey is divided into 81 provinces, called iller in Turkish

Districts of Turkey

Districts of Turkey The provinces of Turkey are divided into 923 districts (ilçeler; sing. ilçe).

Demography of Turkey

Demographics of Turkey

Government and politics of Turkey

Ankara is the capital

National government

Legislative branch

Executive branch

Judicial branch

Foreign relations

International organization membership


Turkish navy

Intelligence organizations

History of Turkey

Topkapı is one of the many Ottoman palaces in Istanbul.

History of Turkey, by period

History of Turkey, by subject

Culture of Turkey

Topkapı served as the main residence of Ottoman sultans in the 15th and 16th centuries.
Dolmabahçe Palace is on the Bosporus with sweeping views.
The chandelier in Dolmabahçe Palace was a gift from Queen Victoria.
Appreciation for Turkish coffee in Istanbul led to the creation of the first ever coffeehouse in the world.
Salep is a traditional drink that is made out of orchids.
Turkey consumes more tea per capita than any other country.
Boza is a popular wintertime malt drink.
Turquerie: Madame de Pompadour portrayed as a Turkish lady in 1747.
Turquerie: Crown prince of Austria had his working room decorated in the Turkish style in 1881.

Art in Turkey

Law in Turkey

Religion in Turkey

Inside the Blue Mosque

Sports in Turkey

Oil wrestling is the national sport of Turkey.

Sports in Turkey

Economy and infrastructure of Turkey

Financial district of Levent in Istanbul
Istanbul Airport is the main international airport in Istanbul.
Turkey provides high-speed rail service with speeds up to 300 km/h (186 mph).
Butterfly Valley, home to 105 species of butterflies, is a popular tourist attraction.
Wind farm on Bozcaada

Education in Turkey

Robert College is a selective high school in Turkey.
Galatasaray Lisesi (gate pictured) is a public high school in Istanbul that dates back to 1481.

See also


  1. ^ "Turkey". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 14, 2009. Archived from the original on January 10, 2021. Retrieved July 23, 2009.
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