Hulayqat

Hulayqat
حليقات
Village
Hulayqat, before 1948
Hulayqat, before 1948
Etymology: the circles[1]
Historical map series for the area of Hulayqat (1870s).jpg 1870s map
Historical map series for the area of Hulayqat (1940s).jpg 1940s map
Historical map series for the area of Hulayqat (modern).jpg modern map
Historical map series for the area of Hulayqat (1940s with modern overlay).jpg 1940s with modern overlay map
A series of historical maps of the area around Hulayqat (click the buttons)
Hulayqat is located in Mandatory Palestine
Hulayqat
Hulayqat
Location within Mandatory Palestine
Coordinates: Coordinates: 31°36′3″N 34°38′59″E / 31.60083°N 34.64972°E / 31.60083; 34.64972
Palestine grid116/112
Geopolitical entityMandatory Palestine
SubdistrictGaza
Date of depopulationMay 12, 1948[4]
Population
 (1945)
 • Total420[2][3]
Cause(s) of depopulationInfluence of nearby town's fall

Hulayqat was a Palestinian Arab village in the Gaza Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine. It was located 20.5 km northeast of Gaza.

History

Hulayqat had numerous khirbas. Artifacts include pieces of marble and pottery as well as cisterns and a pool.[5]

Ottoman era

In 1838, in the Ottoman era, Huleikat was noted as village in the Gaza district.[6]

An Ottoman village list from about 1870 showed that Hulayqat had a population of 55, with a total of 14 houses, though the population count included men, only.[7][8]

In 1883, the PEF's Survey of Western Palestine described it as a "small village on a flat slope, with a high sandy hill to the west. It has cisterns and a pond, with a small garden to the west.”[9]

British Mandate era

Hulayqat 1931 1:20,000

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Hukiqat had a population of 251 inhabitants, all Muslims,[10] increasing in the 1931 census to 285, still all Muslims, in 61 houses.[11]

Hulayqat 1945 1:20,000

In the 1945 statistics Huleiqat had a population of 420 Muslims,[2] with a total of 7,063 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[3] Of this, 115 dunams were used for plantations and irrigable land, 6,636 for cereals,[12] while they had 18 dunams as built-up land.[13]

In 1947, an oil drilling project commenced in Hulayqat employing 300 Arab workers.[14]

1948, aftermath

The village was first captured by the Israeli army on 13 May during Operation Barak and depopulated.[15][16] On 8 July, it was retaken by the Egyptian army. A well-fortified battalion of the 4th Brigade was stationed there later reinforced by more troops.[17] and some of the villagers returned to their homes. It was finally captured on 19 October by the Giv'ati Brigade during Operation Yoav.[5]

Israeli forces at Huleiqat

According to the Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi, the ruin of the village in 1992 was partially forested with sycamore, Christ's-thorn trees and cactus. One of the old roads had been paved.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 367
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 31
  3. ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 45
  4. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xix, village #317. Also gives cause for depopulation
  5. ^ a b c Khalidi, 1992, p. 104
  6. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 119
  7. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 149
  8. ^ Hartmann, 1883, p. 148
  9. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 260
  10. ^ Barron, 1923, Table V, Sub-district of Gaza, p. 8
  11. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 3
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 87
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 137
  14. ^ Drilling begins near Gaza
  15. ^ Tal, 2004, p. 174
  16. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 258
  17. ^ Tal, 2004, p. 385

Bibliography

  • Barron, J.B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
  • Conder, C.R.; Kitchener, H.H. (1883). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. Vol. 3. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
  • Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
  • Hadawi, S. (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
  • Hartmann, M. (1883). "Die Ortschaftenliste des Liwa Jerusalem in dem turkeschen Staatskalender dur Syrien auf das Jahr 1288 der Flucht (1871)". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 6: 102–149.
  • Khalidi, W. (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
  • Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
  • Morris, B. (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6.
  • Palmer, E.H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
  • Robinson, E.; Smith, E. (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the year 1838. Vol. 3. Boston: Crocker & Brewster.
  • Socin, A. (1879). "Alphabetisches Verzeichniss von Ortschaften des Paschalik Jerusalem". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 2: 135–163.
  • Tal, D. (2004). War in Palestine, 1948: Israeli and Arab Strategy and Diplomacy. Routledge. ISBN 0-7146-5275-X.

External links

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