Huayopata District

Huayopata
Wayupata
The road from the Sacred Valley to Huayopata, coming down from Abra Malaga (Pass), 4,333 metres (14,216 ft) in elevation.
The road from the Sacred Valley to Huayopata, coming down from Abra Malaga (Pass), 4,333 metres (14,216 ft) in elevation.
Country Peru
RegionCuzco
ProvinceLa Convención
FoundedJanuary 2, 1857
CapitalHuyro
population: 1,619 (as of 2017)
Area
 • Total524.02 km2 (202.33 sq mi)
Elevation
, Huyro
1,650 m (5,410 ft)
Population
 (2017 cnsus)
 • Total4,773
 • Density9.1/km2 (24/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (PET)
UBIGEO080903

Huayopata District is one of fourteen districts of the province La Convención in Peru.[1] Huyro, the capital of the district had a population of 1,619 in 2017. Nearby Amaybamba (not to be confused with the town of the same name in Inkawasi District) had a population of 663. The Peruvian government's estimate of the 2017 population of the district was 4,773 of which 77 percent of the population over 12 years of age belonged to what it defined as the Quechua ethnic group.[2]

Geography

Huayopata district consists of the narrow valley of the Lucumayo River, the source of which is the north slope of Veronica (mountain), (5,893 m (19,334 ft) in elevation, and the mountains on both sides of the valley. The Lucumayo River flows into the Urubamba River at an elevation of 1,173 metres (3,848 ft).[3]

The Urupampa mountain range traverses the northern border of Hayopata. The highest peak of the district is Urupampa, also called Veronica. Other mountains are listed below:[4]

The town of Huyro is the capital of the district.

Climate

The large variation in elevations in Huayopata district results in ecosystems ranging from glaciers and arctic tundra at the highest elevations to tropical rainforest at the lowest elevations. The capital of Huyro has a climate of Aw (tropical savanna) under the Köppen Classification system. Under the Trewartha climate classification the climate of Huyro is classified as Awbb (tropical savanna, warm year round). Temperatures vary little during the course of the year, although a pronounced dry season occurs from May to September.

Climate data for Huyro, Huayopata, Peru. Elevation: 1,650 metres (5,410 ft)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.1
(82.6)
27.9
(82.2)
28.1
(82.6)
29.8
(85.6)
29.5
(85.1)
28.9
(84.0)
28.7
(83.7)
30.2
(86.4)
28.6
(83.5)
30.7
(87.3)
29.6
(85.3)
27.9
(82.2)
29.0
(84.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.0
(69.8)
20.9
(69.6)
21.7
(71.1)
20.9
(69.6)
20.2
(68.4)
21.4
(70.5)
20.9
(69.6)
21.4
(70.5)
20.9
(69.6)
22.6
(72.7)
22.1
(71.8)
20.9
(69.6)
21.2
(70.2)
Average low °C (°F) 13.9
(57.0)
14.0
(57.2)
13.8
(56.8)
13.6
(56.5)
12.3
(54.1)
11.5
(52.7)
11.8
(53.2)
12.7
(54.9)
13.2
(55.8)
14.6
(58.3)
14.6
(58.3)
14.0
(57.2)
13.3
(56.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 228
(9.0)
233
(9.2)
214
(8.4)
121
(4.8)
44
(1.7)
26
(1.0)
30
(1.2)
41
(1.6)
67
(2.6)
104
(4.1)
123
(4.8)
190
(7.5)
1,421
(55.9)
Source: [5]

Economy

The lower part of the Lucumayo River is one of the nearest and most accessible tropical areas to the heavily populated Sacred Valley and Cusco area of Peru. Crops grown near Huyro include coffee, cacao (chocolate), coca, tropical fruits, and tea. Tea was first introduced into Peru as a crop in 1913 near Huyro and is still grown there.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ (in Spanish) Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática. Banco de Información Distrital Archived 2008-04-23 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved April 11, 2008.
  2. ^ "Huaypata," [1], accessed 26 May 2019
  3. ^ Google Earth
  4. ^ escale.minedu.gob.pe - UGEL map of the La Convención Province 1 (Cusco Region)
  5. ^ "Huyro Weather," [2], accessed 19 Jul 2019
  6. ^ "Tea History of Peru," [3]. accessed 24 Jul 2019


Coordinates: 13°00′27″S 72°33′25″W / 13.00750°S 72.55694°W / -13.00750; -72.55694

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